The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-3

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LO-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-3, IAW-LAW-1

"The law grants men and women the same legal status and rights, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (16).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"The constitution provides for equal rights for women... and equal status in marriage" (22).
July 15, 2021, 11:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"Though Prince Mohammed has spoken of dismantling the guardianship system, women remain legal minors when it comes to marrying, living on their own and other matters. Those from more traditional families are still yoked to male guardians for whom fear of God, change or what the neighbors will think often outweighs the letter of the law" (Para 9).
June 18, 2021, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

“A Presidential decree from 8 December 1982 replaced the notion of ‘spousal authority’ by ‘parental authority’, giving women equal rights not only in relation to control of property but also in relation to guardianship over children. This decree also provides married women with certain rights to decide on their domicile, revoking a former provision of the Civil Code” (pg 5).
April 21, 2021, 7:36 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"A dangerous combination of entrenched poverty and cultural norms that are deeply rooted in patriarchal tradition continue to fuel the harmful practice. As as a result, customary law and economic need often trump national policies and legislation. Despite best efforts, girls continue to be pulled out of school and forced into marriage – even in those countries that have set the legal age of marriage" (Page 2). Since the marriage of children is illegal now in the Maldives, it seems that the age of 18 is the strict condition for the age of majority in state-recognized marriages (BRC - CODER COMMENT).
April 21, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"Marriage below the age of 18 years is now prohibited (Law No: 19/2019 (Child Rights Protection Act)" (Page 5).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-DATA-1, MARR-LAW-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Wives typically aren't allowed to attend school and have little hope of earning money to support their families, perpetuating poverty" (para 7).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-7, MARR-LAW-3

“My name is Julienne Lusenge and I’m an activist for women’s rights in the DRC…[The] Family Code says that a married woman is basically a minor. At the age of 55 today I can’t own any property. I can’t own a house, I can’t even own a dog or a car. First I have to ask my husband for permission. He can then sign to say, yes she has bought it. So we’re working to get rid of all that from our Family Code” (para 2, 12).
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-3, GP-DATA-4

"Despite the equality guarantee under Article 22 of the Constitution, the Civil Code and the SPSL provide for a marital framework based on ‘reciprocal’ or ‘complementary’ rights (as opposed to ‘equal’ rights) between the two spouses, whereby in return for maintenance and protection from her husband, a wife is expected to obey him. Provisions in the family laws therefore discriminate against women as it is based on male authority and male guardianship" (3).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"Article 1 of the Family Code prohibits any kind of restriction of the rights of citizens at the time of marriage or in family relations on grounds of social, racial, ethnic, linguistic or religious affiliation, or education or property status" (4).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"The penal code criminalizes consensual same-sex sexual conduct, with the death penalty as a sanction under the country’s interpretation of Islamic law" (33).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Muslim Personal Law of 1961 is highly discriminating to the women giving the overall authority to the men in the areas of marriage, divorce, maintenance and custody of children" (13).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"Article 45 of the Constitution provides assurances for the right to equality of men and women, the right to non-discrimination, and the right to equality in marriage based on the provision of Article 78 of the Law on the Implementation of the Civil Code enforced in 2011" (34).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"There are no restrictions on women signing contracts, opening bank accounts, or owning property. Women did not experience formal sector economic discrimination in access to employment (see section 7.d.), credit, or managing a business" (Pg 12). "Under traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband legally may restrict his wife’s freedom to work and control her earnings" (Pg 19).
July 2, 2019, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"Girls and women faced discrimination in rural areas by community elders and authority figures, who gave preference to boys in education. Women faced employment discrimination (see section 7.d.). While the constitution provides that women may open bank accounts, obtain passports, and take jobs without the permission of a male relative, these constitutional rights often conflicted with customary law, which classifies women as minors. Both traditional and Roman- Dutch civil law recognize women as dependents of their husbands or fathers. Although women routinely executed contracts and entered into a variety of transactions in their own names, banks often refused personal loans to married women without a male guarantor. The constitution provides...more
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"Under customary law women’s status in society is equal to that of a minor" (Pg 20).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-2

"Under the kingdom’s restrictive guardianship system, women are legal minors and cannot marry, divorce, travel, get a job, be released from prison or have elective surgery without permission from their male guardians. Women are also forbidden from mixing freely with members of the opposite sex" (para 3).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Montenegro can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Mongolia can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Mozambique can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Morocco can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Myanmar can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman cannot apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Namibia can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (117).
May 20, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in the Netherlands can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman in Nepal can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (118).
May 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Nicaragua can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (119).
May 18, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman in New Zealand can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (119).
May 17, 2019, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Nigeria can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (120).
May 17, 2019, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Niger can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (120).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman cannot apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Oman can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (121).