The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-5

Aug. 25, 2023, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"China's limits on the residency of foreign spouses is stricter than most other countries. Foreign spouses are only entitled to work if they meet the qualifications for a work visa, which likely will require a bachelor's degree in the field of intended employment" (para 8). "Most foreign spouses in urban areas have jobs because they have met the criteria for a work visa, not because of their marital status" (para 9). "According to Measures for the Administration of Examination and Approval of Foreigners' Permanent Residence in China, only foreigners married to a Chinese citizen for five years and residing in China for at least five consecutive years, with at least...more
July 30, 2023, 5:25 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"As is common in other Muslim countries, no Muslim woman may marry a non-Muslim, and widows, compared with widowers, are entitled to a smaller share of the dead spouse’s estate." (Parag. 14)
July 12, 2023, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"As is common in other Muslim countries, no Muslim woman may marry a non-Muslim, and widows, compared with widowers, are entitled to a smaller share of the dead spouse’s estate." (Parag. 14)
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Family Act of Maldives which was enacted in 2000, 8 years before the Constitution came into force, in its Section 8 (a) states that a Maldivian woman may not marry a non-Muslim man and where a Maldivian man wants to marry a non-Muslim woman, such a marriage will only be valid in the eyes of law where the woman is from a religion acceptable to marry as per the tenets of Islam. The Government is committed to, however, identifying the human rights breaches in laws enacted within the Maldives, and enter into a dialogue with relevant stakeholders on the necessary amendments. Where a Maldivian man wishes to contract marriage with...more
June 27, 2023, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Algeria

"The law prohibits Muslim women from marrying non-Muslims, although authorities did not always enforce this provision" (29).
June 12, 2023, 7:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Omanis no longer need state permission to marry a foreign national according to a royal decree issued this week, a rare example of social reform in the conservative Gulf country" (Para.1). "According to newspapers in Oman, where the government tightly controls media and public dissent, Omanis previously had to fulfil certain conditions, such as being over a certain age, to marry a foreigner. Unauthorised marriages drew fines" (Para.3). "On Sunday Omani state media said Sultan Haitham had issued decree 23/2023 which cancelled a 1993 law empowering the interior ministry to approve each marriage to a foreigner" (Para.4). "The decree states that such marriages must not violate sharia (Islamic law), public...more
April 28, 2023, 9:47 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"[T]he [Law of Marriage Act], 1971 runs parallel to Tanzanian customary laws. These allow the country’s multiple ethnic groups to determine the age of marriage autonomously, based on their own traditional customs. In addition to the customary laws, it must also be said that religious practices pertaining to marriage, inheritance and child-rearing have rarely been questioned until now" (13).
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-3, MARR-LAW-5

"Under the Family Code, family relations are regulated on the basis of the principle of the voluntary nature of the marital union of a man and a woman, the equality of the spouses’ individual and property rights, the settlement of family issues by mutual consent, the priority of raising children within the family and of children’s well-being and development, and protection of the rights and interests of minors and non-working members of the family. All citizens have equal rights in family relations. Any direct or indirect restriction of rights, or the establishment of direct or indirect privileges upon entering into marriage or interference in family relations on the grounds of...more
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Constitution and legislations guarantee women’s right to equality and non-discrimination in marriage and family relations. The chapter on marriage of General Code, 1963, fully recognizes and protects the right of every person to establish matrimonial relationship with a person of own choice. Early and child marriage, forced marriage and marriage caused by fraud are prohibited by the General Code. Any persons involved to execute such marriage are liable to face penalty including imprisonment." (22). "Prevailing legislations does not prohibit women to freely choose family name after marriage." (38).
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The aim of the Bill is to provide a uniform matrimonial property regime for all civil marriages, to allow a determination and change of property regimes applicable to certain civil marriages contracted outside the police zone determined in terms of the Native Administration Proclamation Act 15 of 1928, the issuing of substituting marriage certificates, to allow for donations between spouses and to provide for incidental matters." (6). "Marriage Bill has been developed, it has been submitted to cabinet for further consideration where it will be referred to the Cabinet Committee on legislation." (10) (NF - CODER COMMENT - The marriage bill, also known as the Married Persons Equality Act, provides...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Regulations in the Civil Code regarding marriage were revised on June 23, 2003 (State Decree 2003/44). Although the amending law was approved by the National Assembly in 1973, it came into force in 2003. As a result, the Asian Marriage Law (the Hindu and the Muslim marriage Act) was dissolved.." (42). "The revision allows all Surinamese the right to solemnize a religious marriage (according to Christian, Hindu, Muslim, or other religious traditions), which consequently gets the status of a legal marriage" (42).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates

"Local interpretation of sharia prohibits Muslim women from marrying non- Muslims and Muslim men from marrying women 'not of the book,' generally meaning adherents of religions other than Islam, Christianity, and Judaism" (12). "The government’s interpretation of sharia applies in personal status cases and family law. Muslim women must have the consent of their guardians to marry. Local interpretation of sharia forbids Muslim women to marry non-Muslims. In addition, the law permits a man to have as many as four wives, women normally inherit less than men, and a son’s inheritance may be double that of a daughter" (28).
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Islamist parties in the Iraqi parliament are pushing an amendment to the personal status law that would allow men to marry girls as young as 9. Human rights activists decried the proposal, which would transfer civil matters to the jurisdiction of clerics...The proposed amendment basically shakes the foundations of the old law. The bill indicates that when issuing decisions on personal status issues, the court should follow the rulings of religious scholars for Sunni or Shiite sects, depending on the husband's faith. The Scholars' Congregation at the Shiite Endowment Diwan undertakes answering the court's questions per the common Shiite jurisprudence. In its absence, the Supreme Religious Authority in Najaf is...more
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Indigenous women living on reservations (where land is held communally) have matrimonial property rights. First Nations may choose to follow federal law or enact their own rules related to matrimonial real property rights and interests that respect their customs"(10).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Media occasionally highlighted the problem of early and forced marriage, which some ethnic groups commonly practiced. Under the constitution, the kadhi courts retained jurisdiction over Muslim marriage and family law in cases where all parties profess the Muslim religion and agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the courts" (p 36-37).
June 25, 2021, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"'The Supreme Peoples Court of China (on Wednesday) passed legislation that will ban Chinese women from marrying non-Chinese men, with the law coming into effect at the beginning of 2018,' says an article in the East Asia Tribune. 'The policy had been fiercely debated for a number of months before it finally won approval from the required number of legislators earlier (Wednesday.) Civil rights groups in China have condemned the restriction, pointing out that it discriminates against women by still permitting males to enter into interracial marriages.'" (Para 2)
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Another law prohibits marriages to foreigners where the age difference exceeds 25 years" (para 25).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

“Though most countries have committed to offer healthcare to COVID-affected persons regardless of status, the economic relief funds being distributed to households in many countries, including Jordan, will not be made available to the non-citizen members of women’s families. Women’s non-citizen spouses and adult children often lack access to formal employment, meaning affected families already faced significant financial insecurity pre-COVID. The economic fallout from the pandemic will hit these and other marginalized groups especially hard. . . Pre-COVID, a Jordanian mother was forced to provide for her entire family, as her husband and children lack citizenship and therefore access to formal employment due to the country’s discriminatory nationality law. Now...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Syria

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Some religious leaders preach in support of early marriage, incorrectly teaching that it's against Islamic law for a girl to live with her parents after puberty" (para 8).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Women of ethnic minority backgrounds are not included in the laws subjected to Muslim Bahraini women. Civil courts in Bahrain will consider cases of non-Muslim, or non-religious women basing their decisions on the laws and accepted rules of their religious traditions" (4).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, DTCP-LAW-1

“Britain's top family judge, Master of the Rolls Sir Terence Etherton, said the English courts did not recognise [the] Sharia marriage [of Mr. Khan and Mrs. Akhter]…The couple, both of Pakistani heritage, chose to marry at a restaurant in Southall, west London, in a religious ceremony carried out by an imam with 150 family and friends as guests … Master of the Rolls Sir Terence Etherton, who considered the case with two other judges, said[,]…'The parties were not marrying 'under the provisions' of English law. The ceremony was not performed in a registered building. Moreover, no notice had been given to the superintendent registrar, no certificates had been issued, and...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

“Tunisia has abolished a decades-old ban on Muslim women marrying non-Muslims as the president seeks to secure equal rights for the country’s female population…Until now a non-Muslim man who wished to marry a Muslim Tunisian woman had to convert to Islam and submit a certificate of his conversion as proof while a Muslim Tunisian man is allowed to marry a non-Muslim woman” (para 1, 5).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Marriages between Muslim women and non-Muslim men are not recognized" (para 17). "Article 9 of Jordan's nationality law does not allow Jordanian women married to non-Jordanian spouses to pass on their nationality to their spouse and children" (para 18).
June 9, 2020, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"South Korea is to enact legislation that will ban men with a history of domestic violence from marrying foreign women, the justice ministry has confirmed" (para 1). "The amendment will prohibit South Korean men from inviting foreign women to the country for the purpose of marriage if they have a criminal record of domestic violence, irrespective of when that occurred. Anyone sentenced to a sexual crime against a child within the past 10 years, or who has received a jail term in the same time, will also be subject to the newly amended law" (para 3-4). "South Korea’s justice ministry said the legal revision to the country’s immigration control law...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"On October 6, the condition of valid residency for birth and marriage registration for PRS was waived, expanding the application of a previous circular issued on September 12 applicable to Syrians" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan

"Under Islamic law a Muslim man may marry a Jewish or Christian woman. A Muslim woman may not marry a non-Muslim man." (pg 18). "A Muslim woman cannot legally marry a non- Muslim man." (pg 43).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Media noted that official marriages only captured a fraction of underage marriages, since many such marriages were concluded as religious marriages only. A May 2015 Constitutional Court decision legalized the right to be religiously married without obtaining a civil marriage. On December 2, a law (colloquially known as the “mufti” marriage law) entered into force, allowing government-employed religious authorities (muftis) to perform and register marriages" (page 52).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"Under the Act, a woman may not marry without a wali (male next of kin)… A Muslim man may marry up to four women without the consent of his existing wives" (12).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The Committee welcomes… the adoption of the… Hindu Marriage Registration Act (2012), providing for the legal recognition of Hindu marriages" (1-2).