The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to a 2019 UNICEF-supported government survey, 12 percent of girls were married by age 15 and 36 percent by age 18... Girls often married much older men. Child marriage occurred more frequently among girls who were uneducated, poor, and living in rural areas. More than one-half of women in the country’s poorest quintile were married by age 17" (19). "NGOs noted that due to the law that allows marriage with parental consent for girls as young as 15, some men arrange to marry girls to avoid prosecution for statutory rape [age of censent is 18]" (19).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual and gender-based violence against refugees and asylum seekers remained a problem, particularly for vulnerable populations including women, children, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) refugees and asylum seekers. Reported incidents included domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, physical assault, psychological abuse, female genital mutilation mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and early and forced marriage, particularly of Sudanese, South Sudanese, and Somali girls"(24).
Jan. 7, 2022, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, a counter bill was introduced to the Parliament that would allow force and child marriages. 'The Intercourse Bill' would permit child marriage, forced marriage, and contradict international conventions and the Somali constitution. The bill has not passed yet" (1).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Societal violence against women included traditional practices, such as dowry deaths (the killing of brides over dowry disputes), levirate (forcing a widow to marry her dead husband’s brother), and sororate (forcing a woman to marry her dead sister’s husband)" (19).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, [and] forced marriage (including child marriage)..." (56).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage did not appear to be widespread in the West Bank and Gaza, according to NGOs including the Women’s Center for Legal Aid and Counseling" (97).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Some Palestinian girls were coerced by their families into marrying older men who were Arab citizens of Israel, according to government and NGO sources" (38).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Workplace exploitation, child labor, and forced early marriage also remained significant problems among refugees" (41). "The government’s 2018 Demographic and Health Survey showed that 12 percent of Syrian girls in the country married before age 15 and 38 percent married before age 18" (57). "According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, 26 percent of women in the country married before the age of 18" (57). "NGOs reported children as young as 12 married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country" (57).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2018 Catalan police assisted 14 victims of forced marriage, four of whom were minors" (17).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 but can be waived by a guardianship judge. In its 2017 report, the country’s Ombudsman Committee for the Rights of Children noted that forced marriage had become a problem as a result of immigration, but no official data on it was available" (10).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"AIHRC has announced 6.7% of the marriages are forced marriages" (13).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early marriage was a problem mainly for communities from the Maghreb, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia" (22). "Women and girls could seek refuge at shelters if their parents or guardians threatened them with forced marriage. The government offered educational programs to inform young women of their rights" (22).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Qatar are living under a system of 'deep discrimination' – dependent on men for permission to marry, travel, pursue higher education or make decisions about their own children, according to a new report" (para 1). While this datum does not indicate that women are forced to marry against their will, it suggests that women cannot marry according to their will if it is not consistent with a males permission and desires (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "Women interviewed for the report described how their guardians denied them permission to drive, travel, study, work or marry someone of their own choosing. Some spoke of how this had affected their mental health, contributing...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Child and forced marriage primarily affected girls of foreign nationality. The government reported that as of March 31, there were 179 married minors in the country, a substantial decrease from 1,475 in 2016. The majority of married minor registrants were from Syria" (24).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to the UN’s Panel of Experts’ reporting, the Gender-based Violence Information Management System reported 210 cases of conflict-related sexual violence from January to April, including cases of forced marriage, sexual slavery, castration, forced prostitution, and forced pregnancies" (22). "The constitution provides for tuition-free universal education, and the law provides for compulsory schooling of children between the ages of six through 15. Nevertheless, many children did not attend school. Parents often had to pay their children’s school fees as well as provide their uniforms and supplies. Other factors affecting school enrollment included distance to the nearest school, lack of transportation, shortages of teachers and instructional materials, and lack of school...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, but persons between 16 and 18 may marry with family court approval. Marriages involving persons younger than 18 were rare. Watchdog groups believed that a small number of marriages of persons between 16 and 18 were forced by parents. To reduce these, the parliament passed a law in May 2018 requiring family court approval of marriages involving a person younger than 18" (11).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"...Perhaps if Tachira hadn’t ever married into her late husband Mahamadu Mutaru’s family, she would still be at home today. But when it comes to marriage, few women in her region have any say in the matter at all. Tachira is a member of the Konkomba people, and girls born into that community are not educated. They’re kept at home, doing all the household chores until their parents effectively sell them into servitude to another family through arranged marriage. Most remain illiterate, vulnerable, and dependent for the rest of their lives. 'My marriage was [decided] without my consent before I was 10 years old and I was married at 15,'...more
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"It is easier for women who have left Afghanistan. Farida Sadaat was a child bride and had her first baby at the age of 15. She and her husband later separated and she moved to Germany with her four children" (para 27).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Police and legal officials often charged women with intent to commit zina (sex outside marriage) to justify their arrest and incarceration for social offenses, such as running away from their husband or family, rejecting a spouse chosen by their families, fleeing domestic violence or rape, or eloping to escape an arranged marriage. The constitution provides that in cases not explicitly covered by the provisions of the constitution or other laws, courts may, in accordance with Hanafi jurisprudence (a school of Islamic law) and within the limits set by the constitution, rule in a manner that best attains justice in the case. Although observers stated this provision was widely understood to...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced marriages to Boko Haram militants" (p 8). "The practice continued of taking a “fifth wife,” or “wahaya,” in which girls and women were sold into slavery to perform labor and sexual services" (p 15).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were credible reports of forced early marriages in some rural indigenous communities" (p 22).
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"...The loss of land is also often orchestrated by male relatives under the guise of 'a widowed woman must be inherited', the question that needs asking is what is the economic value of wife inheritance? Women who refuse to be inherited are ostracised by family members both males and females. To make the situation more complicated the councils of elders in many communities comprise entirely of men who are supposed to be custodians of culture thus reinforcing the discriminative stance towards women and girls when it comes to control and access to property rights" (para 4).
July 29, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The report analyzes information collected from over 325 respondents in Borno, Adamawa, Yobe, and Abuja indicates high incidences of recurring sexual and gender based violence, forced and child marriage and sexual exploitation in exchange for food and water, which occurs with impunity in IDPS & host communities. One woman sum up her experience with this haunting words. She said, ‘I have been raped so many times that I can’t even remember’" (para 6).
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'We are completely against and oppose the idea of children marrying adults,' she said. 'And let's remember, it was not that long ago that we called out the depravity of [the Islamic State] for taking child prisoners, child brides, and the sort. Some of this will be an internal Iraqi matter, but we remain firmly opposed to the idea that any adult would attempt to marry a child in that fashion'" (para 3). "He said, 'It gives women and families Islamic rights and grants each individual the freedom to choose the religious provisions in their sect. The bill also limits the number of marriages [that have been] happening outside courts...more
July 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"They are urging President Suluhu to remove all structural and systematic barriers that hinder girls from going back to schools, putting an end to early and forced marriage a adolescent girls to give all girls an opportunity to fufil their potential" (Para 14).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage occurred occasionally in the Romani community and, to a much lesser extent, in some Albanian communities" (p 27).
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Details have emerged that the man accused of Farah's murder had been stalking and harassing her for some time, after he had made a marriage proposal to her family which was rejected on account of Farah already being married" (Para 4).
July 16, 2021, 12:22 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Bride kidnapping, known locally as Ala Kachuu, has roots in the Central Asian country's nomadic past and persisted into the Soviet era, albeit on a smaller scale. The practice involves a potential groom forcibly taking a young woman or girl back to his home before pressuring her to agree to marriage by writing a letter of consent" (Para 14-15). "The last time a bride kidnapping death brought protesters onto the streets in Kyrgyzstan was in 2018, when 20-year-old medical student Burulai Turdaaly Kyzy was killed in a police station where officers had held her with her kidnapper as she prepared to file a statement against him" (Para 24). "According to...more
July 15, 2021, 11:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For a long time, Raghda and Rafaa seemed fated to retrace the path of their five older sisters: arranged marriages while still young; children soon thereafter; faces covered with the niqab, the black veil that reveals only the eyes. The sisters who worked did so in the seclusion of offices, segregated from male co-workers" (Para 10).
July 15, 2021, 11:17 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s rights advocates say assaults in public in urban centers have become bolder in the last two years. But many of the recent attacks in the capital seem to involve personal rather than political motives, said Gholam Dastagir of Kabul police. In Kabul, at least three separate acid attacks against women were reported just in July, according to local Afghan news reports. The aim of attackers may be to punish women who might refuse a suitor, or insist on going to school or want a divorce. Families may not report the attack fearful of gossip and isolation" (Para 9).