The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"By processing the applications for citizenship – in the event of wedding (art. 5 of Act No. 91/1992) or residence (art. 9 of Act No. 91/1992), it emerges that mainly women, under the age of 40, apply (more than 7,000 granting measures were released in 2004 and this rate has been significantly increasing between 2004 and 2008 following the marriage). The rate lowers when considering applications by women, regardless of their country of origin, based upon the residence criterion" (56).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The president complained that the instances of child marriage and early marriage were widespread in the countryside. 'Egyptian families should stop this habit which harms their daughters and causes serious social and economic implications on the nation's life,' said Al-Sisi. Al-Sisi said 'early marriage is a major reason for rapid population growth and for the spread of poverty in villages'" (para 3-4).
March 24, 2021, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Being the daughter of a sanitation worker, who belongs to one of the most backward and outcast communities, depravation and discrimination have been a part of the 16-year-old’s life for as long as she can remember. So naturally, she was ready to give up the ‘perk’ of schooling after which she knew she parents would start talking about an early marriage" (para 3).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"It expresses concern, however, at the continuing practice of forced marriages, in particular in ethnic, minority and immigrant communities, the lack of targeted prevention strategies and programmes for women and girls at risk, and the lack of support services for victims. It also notes with concern that the minimum age at which an overseas spouse or fiancé can enter the State party’s territory for family reunification was raised from 16 to 18 years, and that there are proposals to further increase the minimum age to 21 years" (8).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:37 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

“In Tanzania, growing numbers of young girls in early adolescence (12–13 years old) migrate to the cities. They move seeking education or work, but also in many cases to escape abusive family relations and forced marriage. This is a group particularly at risk: research in Tanzania shows that for one-fifth of them, the first sexual encounter is forced, and ‘sexual abuse is so prevalent that it is hardly even noticed or is treated as 'normal'. The corollary to this is the high incidence of HIV/AIDS. In Tanzania, infection rates are 12 and 9.6 per cent for females and males in urban areas, against 5.8 and 6.7 per cent in rural...more
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, CBMC-DATA-1

"Social stigma around pre-marital relationships and pregnancy is another factor. The research indicates two in five adolescent girls drop out due to pregnancy or child, early and forced marriage, again much higher than the global average" (para 11).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“The 16-year-old is one of thousands of Cambodians fallen prey to criminal matchmakers who scour the poorest pockets of Southeast Asia for young brides to send to China” (para 5).
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Each year, in El Hawamdia and other impoverished rural communities across Egypt, thousands of girls between the ages of 11 and 18 are sold by their parents to wealthy, much older Gulf Arab men under the pretext of marriage. The sham nuptials may last from a couple of hours to years, depending on the negotiated arrangement" (para 3). "'Some girls have been married 60 times by the time they turn 18,' says El-Ashmawy. 'Most ‘marriages’ last for just a couple of days or weeks'" (para 6). "Village girls as young as 11 are brought to the Arab tourists’ hotel or rented flat for selection. Arab men travelling with their wives...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

“R.H. v. Sweden (no. 4601/14) (10 September 2015): The applicant, a Somalian national, alleged that, if removed to Mogadishu, she would face a real risk of either being killed by her uncles for refusing to agree to a forced marriage before fleeing Somalia or forced to marry a man against her will again upon her return. She further claimed that the general situation in Somalia for women was very difficult, in particular for those – such as herself – who lacked a male network and were therefore all the more vulnerable. The Court held that the applicant’s deportation to Mogadishu would not constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Almost one third ( 32% ) of refugee marriages in Jordan involve a girl under 18, according to the latest figures from Unicef. This refers to registered marriages, so the actual figure may be much higher. The rate of child marriage in Syria before the war was 13%. Some families marry off their daughters because of tradition. Others see a husband as protection for their daughters, but the UN says most are driven by poverty" (para 6-7).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Almost one third ( 32% ) of refugee marriages in Jordan involve a girl under 18, according to the latest figures from Unicef. This refers to registered marriages, so the actual figure may be much higher. The rate of child marriage in Syria before the war was 13%. Some families marry off their daughters because of tradition. Others see a husband as protection for their daughters, but the UN says most are driven by poverty" (para 6-7).
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage is rampant in this part of Nepal. Girls are seen as a burden and an additional mouth to feed. Villagers often marry off their girls before their menstruation starts — it is believed that if they do so, the immediate family will go to heaven" (para 12).
Feb. 10, 2021, 12:44 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The local Salafi leader, whose ultra-conservative views condone the marriage of girls as young as nine, has a history of abducting Coptic Christian girls and forcing them to convert to Islam and marry Muslim men, claim rights activists" (para 2). "Christian rights watchdogs say abductions and forced conversions of young Egyptian Coptic girls have been going on for decades right under the noses of local authorities. But the frequency of the kidnappings has increased alarmingly since the uprising in 2011 that toppled dictator Hosni Mubarak and brought an Islamist-led government to power. More than 500 Christian girls have been abducted in the last two years, according to the Association of...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“The generational ties of addiction was clear in interviews with six women at the center. Nasima, 30, said her friend gave her heroin to smoke to help her relax. She didn't know heroin was addictive. She is illiterate, was married off as a child and has lived her life largely confined to home, like many Afghan women” (para. 21). “Some of the children pushed their mothers into rehab, like Farida. She was only a kid when she became addicted. Farida was forcibly married off when she was 8. Her husband at the time was using opium, and she believes he deliberately addicted her” (para. 24). “Farida and her husband have...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“It is also aggressively promoting intermarriage between Han Chinese and Uighurs, with one couple telling the AP they were given money for housing and amenities like a washing machine, refrigerator and TV” (para. 75).
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee is concerned about Rohingya women and girls, including those in refugee camps in Bangladesh, who are at risk of other forms of gender-based violence, including child marriages, forced marriages and trafficking” (pp. 8).
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In Afghanistan, gender-based violence takes extraordinary forms, including women and girls traded in a marriage exchanges between families in a practice known as badal, giving away girls to settle disputes, known as ba’ad, and the practice of bacha bazi, where boys are used as sex slaves" (para 8). "Another recruit told the UN: 'My own mother used to face so much violence. The marriage of my mother was a forced one. She used to be beaten by my father daily, and mentally she was abused all her life. Due to all this violence and issues, my mother is not well. She is mentally ill and doesn’t recognize her children, which...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Shukria Siddiqui, raised as a boy but then abruptly plunged into an arranged marriage, struggled to adapt, tripping over the confining burqa and straining to talk to other women" (para 8). "Mrs. Rafaat had grown up in Kabul, where she was a top student, speaking six languages and nurturing high-flying dreams of becoming a doctor. But once her father forced her to become the second wife of her first cousin, she had to submit to being an illiterate farmer’s wife, in a rural house without running water and electricity, where the widowed mother-in-law ruled, and where she was expected to help care for the cows, sheep and chickens. She did...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A friend of Eren’s married a Syrian woman last year who he said was pious and subservient. Wanting the same, Eren pursued an arranged marriage with Nur, promising her escape from the Kilis Camp on Turkey’s southern border. After he raped her repeatedly on their honeymoon, Nur fled, taking shelter at her brother’s house. But Nur says the stigma of divorce for Syrian women is unbearable, and so she prepares to reconcile with Eren" (para 3). "Having fled the war, Syrian women and girls are vulnerable to exploitation and increasing levels of abuse. Some look to marriage for protection, others are victims of pimps or matchmakers out for profit" (para...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the procedural requests of the Special Marriage Act, which de facto hamper couples, especially women, from seeking permission to marry and register marriages" (13, 14).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Forced marriage (FM) was criminalised in Australia in 2013. In 2016-2017, the Australian Federal Police (AFP) received 70 referrals of forced marriage. To date there have been no prosecutions. FM often involves Australian residents or citizens under the age of 18 being forced into a marriage overseas, with the expectation that the individual will sponsor their spouse for migration to Australia. Often, relatives are alleged to have organised a marriage without free and full consent. FM disproportionately impacts women and girls. We welcome the Government's recent announcement of a 12-month pilot program to 'enable victims of forced marriages to access up to 200 days of support...without being required to contribute...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“The main focus of efforts to eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices against women is the implementation of the Impact and Resource Mobilization Strategy for the Implementation and Monitoring of the National Policy for Gender Equality and Equity, with priority attention to the issue of domestic violence, which is a major concern, especially in relation to early marriage, polygamy, levirate and acts of violence against children and older women considered to be witches” (pp. 24). “A proposed national strategy for the prevention of early pregnancy and marriage 2018–2022 is currently in the approval phase, and priority activities are being planned to discourage these practices and promote the rights of children and...more
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Another women, called Salome, said she was just 13 years old when she learned that she was going to be cut and married off to an older man she had never met" (para 23).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The 15-year-old girl, crying and terrified, refused to release her grip on her sister’s hand. Days earlier, Islamic State fighters had torn the girls from their family, and now were trying to split them up and distribute them as spoils of war. The jihadist who had selected the 15-year-old as his prize pressed a pistol to her head, promising to pull the trigger. But it was only when the man put a knife to her 19-year-old sister’s neck that she finally relented, taking her next step in a dark odyssey of abduction and abuse at the hands of the Islamic State. The sisters were among several thousand girls and young...more
Jan. 8, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“A 34-year-old man has today been sentenced to 16 years' imprisonment for what is understood to be the first conviction under the new offence of forced marriage which came into effect in June 2014 The man, from South Wales, also pleaded guilty to four counts of rape, one count of bigamy and one count of voyeurism. The court heard that the man was particularly possessive and controlling of his victim during the time they knew one another. Between March and September 2014, he repeatedly raped and threatened his victim before forcing her to marry him against her will in an act of bigamy on his behalf” (para. 1-2) “Forced marriage...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Itendelebanya, the legal and gender officer for the local NGO, Agape, says this sense of entitlement, in what is a perennially patriarchal society, also explains why passers-by don't intervene when they witness an abduction. 'When a Sukuma man is attracted to a girl he will start asking people where she lives, and what her routine is,' explains Itendelebanya. 'Once he finds out these details he might wait for her near the borehole - or whatever he thinks is the best place to get that girl - and then grab her.' Kupura is so prevalent in the region that when a girl disappears, her parents will suspect what has happened. But...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Audience members were captivated as the play unfolded around the story of a young girl forced into marriage and the struggles of life as a child bride. By the end, several were weeping openly and many resolved to protect their daughters from the same fate. Theater is certainly an effective way to shed light on an issue few want to discuss—and Pakistan-based nonprofit Sujag Sansar Organization, which promotes women’s rights, especially via anti–child marriage efforts in Dadu District, helms these performances" (para 1-2). "...girls are often married off when they're as young as 10...Precise figures are scarce but a 2007 UNICEF survey estimated that 24 percent of Pakistani brides are...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Zakura inspired 'loving father’ Arafat to believe he is 'part of a big world' and that his daughter really could have the choice of a life with wider horizons. But the filmmaker also acknowledges that severe pressures will be brought to bear on her father - and mother - to conform to strict Bedouin ways over his daughter’s future" (para 4-5, 17). "The father - who was Vdovin’s guide and fixer on a previous unrelated filming trip - offered the Russian the chance to take his daughter and raise her in Moscow, and even marry her when she reached 12, which the documentary-maker politely declined. His motivation was his love...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"[M]una, got married when she was fifteen, having never met her husband or seen her future home. After a few years, she was unhappy and wanted a divorce but she was uneducated, orphaned, and a mother in a country with no enforced alimony system" (para 25).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women have no right to make decisions; all decisions ranging from type of dress to marriage are made by the men of women’s own family or the in-laws" (para 15).