The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Indonesia has come up with several programs to reduce CEFM by targeting several factors, such as: (i) improving family welfare system and economic resilience, (ii) raising awareness of health risks in early pregnancy for children, (iii) giving free education programme and to provide children with 12 years schooling programme (kindergarten up to high school), (iv) reducing child marriage and improving skills of the youth on creating their future career – which also include ways to overcome social stigmatisation. Other programmes conducted by line ministries include: (a) Campaigns to improve awareness on health risks that may be faced by mother and children of early pregnancies as well as Campaign to Stop...more
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee]... is particularly concerned about: (a) The persistence of child marriages, especially in rural areas" (15). "[The Committee] is particularly concerned about:... (d) The persistence of 'bride kidnapping', which results in forced marriage, in several regions, including Sumba" (15). "[The Committee] recommends that the State party:... (e) Ensure that cases of forced marriage are investigated effectively, that perpetrators are prosecuted and adequately punished, and that women and girls in such unions have access to protection, including accessible shelters and victim support services" (16).
June 7, 2022, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In 44 states, children in the US can get married under the age of 18. Although each state sets its own age limit, some states allow children as young as 12 to be married off to an adult, leaving minors in a vulnerable position where they can legally marry before being old enough to consent to sex. The age of consent varies by state, but is between the ages of 16 and 18. Fourteen states' child marriage laws violate statutory rape laws, according to the Journal of Adolescent Health. Meanwhile, 11 states, including Oregon, North and South Dakota, and Alabama, do not provide marital exemptions, meaning spouses of underage children...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"An amendment to article 50, paragraph 2 of the Foreign Nationals Act (FNA) came into force on 1 July 2013. When a spouse has not freely consented to the marriage, he or she may henceforth invoke important personal reasons to obtain or extend a residence permit. That change also enshrines in law the Federal Supreme Court’s case law under which, for the right to residence to be upheld after family breakdown, it is not necessary for both conditions, i.e. domestic violence and gravely compromised prospects of social reintegration in the country of origin, to be fulfilled. Moreover, FOGE and FOM have organized four regional workshops on enforcement of FNA article...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The studies... aimed at protecting disadvantaged children and strengthening their right to development and participation are as follows: Training modules on equality between women and men, violence against women, early marriages and case management" (16). If there are trainings about preventing forced marriages, likely they occur (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "In 2017 and 2018, 'Provincial Action Plans for Combating Early and Forced Marriages' were put into effect in 19 provinces where early and forced marriage rates were high" (28). "According to the marriage statistics, the rate of official marriage of girls aged 16–17 in total official marriages decreased from 5,8 per cent in 2014 to 3,1 per cent in 2019"...more
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the prevalence of harmful practices against women and girls in the North Caucasus region, including... child marriage, forced marriage, abduction of women and girls for forced marriage and female gentile mutilation. It notes with concern the lack of effective implementation of federal legislation on the investigation, prosecution and punishment of such crimes against women in the region" (7-8). "[T]he Committee notes with concern:... [r]eports of bride kidnapping, leading to child marriage or forced marriage" (14).
April 17, 2022, 12:06 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The result of a national survey on women and girls abducted in the name of so-called honour, revealing that in 2019, 172 children living in the State party had reportedly been subjected to early marriage" (5).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"[E]arly and forced child marriage... remained a common practice in certain ethnic communities, including among Roma, Ashkali, Balkan-Egyptians, Bosniaks, and Gorani. According to a government report that focused on these communities, approximately 12 percent of children, mostly girls, married before the age of 15. High levels of unemployment in these communities were factors that contributed to these rates" (25-26).
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia

"Early marriage of girls was reportedly more frequent within Yezidi communities, but the government took no measures to document the scale or address the practice" (32).
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the Action Plan (2010-2015) for the Implementation of the National Strategy for the Improvement of the Status of Women and Promotion of Gender Equality includes measures aimed at recognizing, preventing and solving problems of child marriages, forced (arranged) marriages and the practice of 'selling brides'...No progress has been achieved in preventing early and forced (arranged) marriages among the Roma population and other minority groups" (10).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Most terrifying, however, is the practice of forced marriages of young girls and widows to Taliban fighters. 'We are very worried about the forced marriages by the Taliban. If they come for us like this, then we will end our lives. It will be the only option for us,' says Tahira" (para 13).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon

"Multiple NGOs and UN agencies shared reports of sexual harassment and exploitation of refugees by employers and landlords, including... pressuring families into early marriage for their daughters to relieve economic hardship" (20).
March 10, 2022, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"ISIS-linked militants in Mozambique have forced sex-slave girls into marriage after abducting more than 600 women and children over the past three years, a new report reveals" (Para. 1). "Women and young girls were abducted during raids on towns and villages by the militants known locally as Al-Shabab, who have pledged allegiance to ISIS, which has claimed responsibility for a number of their attacks. The group force young women and girls to 'marry' their fighters 'who enslave and sexually abuse them' while some have been sold off to foreign militants for between $600 and $1,800, it said" (Para 2-3). "'They should take all necessary steps to prevent rape and sexual...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"By processing the applications for citizenship – in the event of wedding (art. 5 of Act No. 91/1992) or residence (art. 9 of Act No. 91/1992), it emerges that mainly women, under the age of 40, apply (more than 7,000 granting measures were released in 2004 and this rate has been significantly increasing between 2004 and 2008 following the marriage). The rate lowers when considering applications by women, regardless of their country of origin, based upon the residence criterion" (56).
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2018 the joint Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Home Office Forced Marriage Unit provided support in more than 1,764 cases of potential or confirmed forced marriage cases involving UK citizens, which represented a 47-percent increase from the previous year. Assistance included safety advice as well as 'reluctant spouse cases' in which the UK government assisted forced marriage victims in preventing their unwanted spouse from moving to the UK. The government offers lifelong anonymity for victims of forced marriage to encourage more to come forward. In Scotland 30 cases of forced marriage were reported in 2018, up from 18 in 2017. The Forced Marriage Unit stated that the increase in...more
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The government-run Ginddi Center in Dakar provided shelter to women and girls who were survivors of rape or early and forced marriage" (15). The presence of shelters for victims of forced marriage indicates that women can be forced to marry against their will (SR - CODER COMMENT). "By law women have the right to choose when and whom they marry, but traditional practices often restricted a woman’s choice. The law prohibits the marriage of girls younger than 16, but this law generally was not enforced in most communities where marriages were arranged" (17). "Women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Gender stated child marriage was...more
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of forced marriage" (15).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Illegal child marriage was reportedly common in certain social groups, particularly among some Romani communities. Media outlets and NGOs reported cases of Romani girls as young as 11 being sold into marriage by their families. Child protection authorities and police did not always intervene in such cases. There were no public policies to discourage child marriage" (24).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Problems of... early and forced marriage also continued" (32). "There were reports women and girls in the devadasi system of symbolic marriages to Hindu deities (a form of so-called 'ritual prostitution')... NGOs suggested families exploited some girls from lower castes in sex trafficking in temples to mitigate household financial burdens and the prospect of marriage dowries. Some states have laws to curb sex trafficking and sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service. Enforcement of these laws remained lax, and the problem was widespread. Some observers estimated more than 450,000 women and girls were exploited in temple-related prostitution... C. Praveen Kumar[] expressed concern over the poor implementation of the...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to a 2019 UNICEF-supported government survey, 12 percent of girls were married by age 15 and 36 percent by age 18... Girls often married much older men. Child marriage occurred more frequently among girls who were uneducated, poor, and living in rural areas. More than one-half of women in the country’s poorest quintile were married by age 17" (19). "NGOs noted that due to the law that allows marriage with parental consent for girls as young as 15, some men arrange to marry girls to avoid prosecution for statutory rape [age of censent is 18]" (19).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual and gender-based violence against refugees and asylum seekers remained a problem, particularly for vulnerable populations including women, children, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) refugees and asylum seekers. Reported incidents included domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, physical assault, psychological abuse, female genital mutilation mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and early and forced marriage, particularly of Sudanese, South Sudanese, and Somali girls"(24).
Jan. 7, 2022, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, a counter bill was introduced to the Parliament that would allow force and child marriages. 'The Intercourse Bill' would permit child marriage, forced marriage, and contradict international conventions and the Somali constitution. The bill has not passed yet" (1).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Societal violence against women included traditional practices, such as dowry deaths (the killing of brides over dowry disputes), levirate (forcing a widow to marry her dead husband’s brother), and sororate (forcing a woman to marry her dead sister’s husband)" (19).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, [and] forced marriage (including child marriage)..." (56).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage did not appear to be widespread in the West Bank and Gaza, according to NGOs including the Women’s Center for Legal Aid and Counseling" (97).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Some Palestinian girls were coerced by their families into marrying older men who were Arab citizens of Israel, according to government and NGO sources" (38).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Workplace exploitation, child labor, and forced early marriage also remained significant problems among refugees" (41). "The government’s 2018 Demographic and Health Survey showed that 12 percent of Syrian girls in the country married before age 15 and 38 percent married before age 18" (57). "According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, 26 percent of women in the country married before the age of 18" (57). "NGOs reported children as young as 12 married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country" (57).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2018 Catalan police assisted 14 victims of forced marriage, four of whom were minors" (17).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 but can be waived by a guardianship judge. In its 2017 report, the country’s Ombudsman Committee for the Rights of Children noted that forced marriage had become a problem as a result of immigration, but no official data on it was available" (10).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"AIHRC has announced 6.7% of the marriages are forced marriages" (13).