The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, but persons between 16 and 18 may marry with family court approval. Marriages involving persons younger than 18 were rare. Watchdog groups believed that a small number of marriages of persons between 16 and 18 were forced by parents. To reduce these, the parliament passed a law in May 2018 requiring family court approval of marriages involving a person younger than 18" (11).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"...Perhaps if Tachira hadn’t ever married into her late husband Mahamadu Mutaru’s family, she would still be at home today. But when it comes to marriage, few women in her region have any say in the matter at all. Tachira is a member of the Konkomba people, and girls born into that community are not educated. They’re kept at home, doing all the household chores until their parents effectively sell them into servitude to another family through arranged marriage. Most remain illiterate, vulnerable, and dependent for the rest of their lives. 'My marriage was [decided] without my consent before I was 10 years old and I was married at 15,'...more
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"It is easier for women who have left Afghanistan. Farida Sadaat was a child bride and had her first baby at the age of 15. She and her husband later separated and she moved to Germany with her four children" (para 27).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Police and legal officials often charged women with intent to commit zina (sex outside marriage) to justify their arrest and incarceration for social offenses, such as running away from their husband or family, rejecting a spouse chosen by their families, fleeing domestic violence or rape, or eloping to escape an arranged marriage. The constitution provides that in cases not explicitly covered by the provisions of the constitution or other laws, courts may, in accordance with Hanafi jurisprudence (a school of Islamic law) and within the limits set by the constitution, rule in a manner that best attains justice in the case. Although observers stated this provision was widely understood to...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced marriages to Boko Haram militants" (p 8). "The practice continued of taking a “fifth wife,” or “wahaya,” in which girls and women were sold into slavery to perform labor and sexual services" (p 15).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were credible reports of forced early marriages in some rural indigenous communities" (p 22).
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"...The loss of land is also often orchestrated by male relatives under the guise of 'a widowed woman must be inherited', the question that needs asking is what is the economic value of wife inheritance? Women who refuse to be inherited are ostracised by family members both males and females. To make the situation more complicated the councils of elders in many communities comprise entirely of men who are supposed to be custodians of culture thus reinforcing the discriminative stance towards women and girls when it comes to control and access to property rights" (para 4).
July 29, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The report analyzes information collected from over 325 respondents in Borno, Adamawa, Yobe, and Abuja indicates high incidences of recurring sexual and gender based violence, forced and child marriage and sexual exploitation in exchange for food and water, which occurs with impunity in IDPS & host communities. One woman sum up her experience with this haunting words. She said, ‘I have been raped so many times that I can’t even remember’" (para 6).
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'We are completely against and oppose the idea of children marrying adults,' she said. 'And let's remember, it was not that long ago that we called out the depravity of [the Islamic State] for taking child prisoners, child brides, and the sort. Some of this will be an internal Iraqi matter, but we remain firmly opposed to the idea that any adult would attempt to marry a child in that fashion'" (para 3). "He said, 'It gives women and families Islamic rights and grants each individual the freedom to choose the religious provisions in their sect. The bill also limits the number of marriages [that have been] happening outside courts...more
July 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"They are urging President Suluhu to remove all structural and systematic barriers that hinder girls from going back to schools, putting an end to early and forced marriage a adolescent girls to give all girls an opportunity to fufil their potential" (Para 14).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Early and forced marriage occurred occasionally in the Romani community and, to a much lesser extent, in some Albanian communities" (p 27).
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Details have emerged that the man accused of Farah's murder had been stalking and harassing her for some time, after he had made a marriage proposal to her family which was rejected on account of Farah already being married" (Para 4).
July 16, 2021, 12:22 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Bride kidnapping, known locally as Ala Kachuu, has roots in the Central Asian country's nomadic past and persisted into the Soviet era, albeit on a smaller scale. The practice involves a potential groom forcibly taking a young woman or girl back to his home before pressuring her to agree to marriage by writing a letter of consent" (Para 14-15). "The last time a bride kidnapping death brought protesters onto the streets in Kyrgyzstan was in 2018, when 20-year-old medical student Burulai Turdaaly Kyzy was killed in a police station where officers had held her with her kidnapper as she prepared to file a statement against him" (Para 24). "According to...more
July 15, 2021, 11:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For a long time, Raghda and Rafaa seemed fated to retrace the path of their five older sisters: arranged marriages while still young; children soon thereafter; faces covered with the niqab, the black veil that reveals only the eyes. The sisters who worked did so in the seclusion of offices, segregated from male co-workers" (Para 10).
July 15, 2021, 11:17 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s rights advocates say assaults in public in urban centers have become bolder in the last two years. But many of the recent attacks in the capital seem to involve personal rather than political motives, said Gholam Dastagir of Kabul police. In Kabul, at least three separate acid attacks against women were reported just in July, according to local Afghan news reports. The aim of attackers may be to punish women who might refuse a suitor, or insist on going to school or want a divorce. Families may not report the attack fearful of gossip and isolation" (Para 9).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Women and girls continue to be treated as second class citizens in Iran, a UN expert says in a report to the Human Rights Council, citing... thousands of marriages of girls aged between 10 and 14 each year" (para 1). "'One of the most concerning issues in Iran today when it comes to the rights of women and girls is the issue of child marriage,' Javaid Rehman, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (para 2). "By law, a girl as young as 13 years can marry, while girls even younger can legally marry with judicial and paternal consent. In the first...more
July 12, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Child brides being beaten by their husbands will no longer be included in India's biggest survey of domestic violence — potentially hiding the problem and making it even harder for married girls to get help" (para 1). "But girls married before the legal age of 18 have been omitted from the latest survey due to new child protection laws — even after the previous report found nearly 1 in 6 married girls aged 15 to 19 had faced abuse" (para 3). "India accounts for more than 20% of the world's adolescent population and the highest number of child marriages in South Asia, according to the UN children's agency (UNICEF)" (para...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Such inheritance was more likely in cases of economically disadvantaged women with limited access to education living outside of major cities. Other forced marriages were also common" (p 35).
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Saudi females who flee their families are almost always running away from abusive male relatives, often a father or brother. In a few of the cases, the women have also renounced Islam and claim they cannot return home. They fear they could be killed after publicly denouncing the faith and publicizing their identities online. In other cases, a woman's father might be barring from her marriage or forcing her into marriage. In other cases her salary is being confiscated, or she's facing sexual or physical abuse"(para 48-49)."The kingdom[Saudi Arabia] has granted women greater rights in recent years, like the right to drive, run and vote in local elections and play...more
July 1, 2021, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to a latest Government report,... 1,774 [teenagers] got into early marriages. The report indicates the figures might actually be higher, as some of the cases go unreported" (para 5). "Six of the 67 girls that had registered for Form One enrolment also dropped out due to early marriages" (para 10). "For Tanyaradzwa, a Bindura-based 17-year-old... Her parents forced her to elope. 'We lived in a compound and they could not stomach the embarrassment of having a pregnant child under their roof so they chased me away from home. I now live with my 19-year-old husband and in-laws'" (27-30).
July 1, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-2

"Child marriage rates are also rising as families struggle with poverty and insecurity. A recent UNFPA study across three governorates showed that one in five displaced girls, aged 10 to 19, were married. Among host communities, this number was one in eight. Abia was one of those girls – she was married off a little over a year ago, at age 14" (para 22-23).
July 1, 2021, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In December 2020, Asiimwe was married off by her parents in Kyarurangira Sub-county, Rakai District, at the age of 13... The traditional marriage was planned without her consent" (para 1-2). "'It is part of our culture and when you refuse to go with the man, you are isolated and called all sorts of names,' a tearful Asiimwe said in an interview last week" (para 3). "Forced marriages in Kyotera and Rakai districts are a phenomenon, particularly among cattle rearing communities who regard it as a treasured cultural practice. According to Ms Cynthia Rukundo, the advocacy and communications officer at Brick by Brick, a child rights’ organisation, they have managed to...more
June 30, 2021, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Critics say that granting the right to conduct marriages to the clerics of a certain group is against secularism and the practice itself will increase religious marriages and marriages involving minors. Women’s groups express concern that the muftis would be more likely to turn a blind eye to an underage bride than registry officials" (para 4). "In the nationwide debate, the most outspoken groups opposing the new law come from Diyarbakir, where the bar association and women's associations have been fighting long and hard against child marriage and child abuse. Despite their efforts, however, sexual abuse of underage girls, incest and forced marriages with minors, including taking young girls as...more
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Bride kidnapping is common in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In rural Kyrgyzstan, where over 60% of the country’s population lives, surveys suggests 1 in 3 marriages begins with a kidnapping. There, bride kidnapping is known as 'ala kachuu,' which translates as 'to take and run away.' It became illegal in 1994, but the practice continues today, especially in rural areas" (para 2-3). "Kyrgyzstan, a Central Asian country of 6.5 million, is one of the world’s epicenters of marriage by abduction. A typical bride kidnapping occurs in a public place. A group of young men locates the young woman that one has chosen for his wife...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Bridewealth (dowry) payment made by a groom or his family to the relatives of the bride to ratify a marriage greatly contributed to underage marriage, as parents forcibly married daughters to collect bridewealth or to finance bridewealth for a son" (42-43).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"According to LGBTI rights groups, gay and transgender individuals often experienced police abuse. LGBTI groups claimed women experienced specific forms of discrimination such as forced marriages and forced pregnancies through 'corrective rape,' although these incidents were rarely, if ever, reported to authorities" (p 21).
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"But in some parts of China, some parents are even going as far as to perform 'ghost marriages' — that is, a marriage for two deceased people to live in the netherworld together, according to the 3,000-year-old belief" (Para 2) This is a form of arranged marriage and implies that women can be forced to marry against their will even if they are deceased (CLM - CODER COMMENT). "The day after, a funeral-turned-wedding was held and the couple — who both passed away at young age and had never met each other while alive — were buried together at Li's family grave" (Para 6). "Folklore expert Huang Jingchun from Shanghai...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"By processing the applications for citizenship – in the event of wedding (art. 5 of Act No. 91/1992) or residence (art. 9 of Act No. 91/1992), it emerges that mainly women, under the age of 40, apply (more than 7,000 granting measures were released in 2004 and this rate has been significantly increasing between 2004 and 2008 following the marriage). The rate lowers when considering applications by women, regardless of their country of origin, based upon the residence criterion" (56).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The president complained that the instances of child marriage and early marriage were widespread in the countryside. 'Egyptian families should stop this habit which harms their daughters and causes serious social and economic implications on the nation's life,' said Al-Sisi. Al-Sisi said 'early marriage is a major reason for rapid population growth and for the spread of poverty in villages'" (para 3-4).
March 24, 2021, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Being the daughter of a sanitation worker, who belongs to one of the most backward and outcast communities, depravation and discrimination have been a part of the 16-year-old’s life for as long as she can remember. So naturally, she was ready to give up the ‘perk’ of schooling after which she knew she parents would start talking about an early marriage" (para 3).