The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-2

July 26, 2021, 7 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"The marriage rate witnessed a relative increase as well, but the rate of separations was much higher than any other measured by CAPMAS. The marriage rate increased by 4.3 percent in December 2017, compared to the rate measured in December 2016" (para 11). An increase in the marriage rate indicates that marriage is not likely seen as outdated in society (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
July 16, 2021, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Under Xi Jinping, the Communist Party has brought back talk of “family values” and women’s importance as caretakers, messages that many women say are out of step with their thinking on when—or even whether—to marry" (para 1). "Many women, especially in cities, say they are in no hurry to get married and have a family. Liang Wei, 28 years old, says she has gone on at most one date a year since her last serious relationship ended four years ago... She has told her anxious parents in Jiangxi province not to pressure her. 'Maybe I’ll never marry,' she says. Caroline Chen, 32, a personal trainer in Beijing, says that back...more
June 30, 2021, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"'We think that this is an important step as it will make civil ceremonies more accessible and faster. In Turkey, there are many people who live together without marriage or with a religious marriage [considered invalid under Turkish law]. This creates major problems socially and legally'" (para 12).
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Often labelled 'bare branches' and 'leftover women', Chinese bachelors and bachelorettes face immense societal pressure to get married and have children, partly because parents play an central role in their children's spouse selection" (Para 1) This shows that marriage is still highly valued in China (CLM - CODER COMMENT). "In 2009, one year after his friend Li Chaolong died of leukaemia in a local hospital in China's central Henan province, his mother finally found him a bride — Li Xiuying, from the same village, who was hours away from dying of kidney failure, according to Mr Xiao. The bride passed away shortly after, he says, and the two families hugged...more
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, MARR-DATA-1

"These studies show how sexism seeps into the work of Chinese divorce courts like a poison in the soil or a miasma in the air. The trouble starts before a judge has even opened a case file. Chinese judges earn promotions by handling cases quickly and for avoiding complaints and appeals. (A typical judge in a family court may hear 200 cases a year.) They are rewarded for pressing plaintiffs to withdraw divorce suits and try once more to patch up their marriages. That is one way to respond to Chinese leaders’ angst about soaring divorce rates. In 2019 4.15m couples parted ways. Just 9.47m got married, a record low...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"It also emerges the decrease of marriages in parallel with the increase in divorce and separation cases, resulting in narrowing the household and the increase of single person households. This demographic and sociological description depends on many factors, including the economic crisis, the difficulty in finding a job, social exclusion" (12). "Along these lines, the NGO ACMID Donna established a toll free number for abused Muslim women and received 3,600 calls from November 2007 through May 2008. Approximately 56 percent of those cases involved violence or other mistreatment by husbands or relatives, including unwillingly being in a polygamous marriage, a situation affecting an estimated 14,000 women" (30).
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"'Many hotels and landlords in Egypt will not rent a room to unmarried couples,' explains Mohamed Fahmy, a Cairo real estate agent. 'A marriage certificate, even a flimsy one, allows visiting men to have sexual liaisons'” (para 10). This implies that marriage is not seen as outdated and is important to the society (JCE- CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“A second corrupting, and perhaps surprising, consequence of bacha bazi is its negative impact on women's rights in Afghanistan. It has become a commonly accepted notion among Afghanistan's latent homosexual male population that 'women are for children, and boys are for pleasure.' Passed down through many generations and spurred by the vicious cycle created by the pedophile-victim relationship, many Afghan men have lost their attraction towards the opposite gender. Although social and religious customs still heavily dictate that all men must marry one or more women and have children, these marriages are often devoid of love and affection, and are treated as practical, mandated arrangements” (para 14).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"According to Deputy Health Minister Seyed Hamed Barakati, the marriage rate had dropped by 40% in a decade" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Qatar’s penal code criminalizes sodomy, punishing same-sex relations with imprisonment for one to three years" (para 20).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Across all confessions, personal status laws stipulate that it is a husband’s duty to provide for his wife and family, while her duty is care for their children and home. Under these laws, a husband must support his wife and children, including by providing food, clothing, shelter, and other living expenses. The wife on the other hand must have sex with her husband and live in the marital home" (96). "During a marriage and sometimes even during a separation, a wife can go to court to compel her husband to fulfill his financial duties to support her if he fails to do so. There is a lack of clear legal...more
April 9, 2020, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Leanna Sayar, who worked at Universal for four years as a paraprofessional and a teacher, says that it's not just poor quality education that drives young marriage, but a lack of connection to career options" (para 26).
April 9, 2020, 8:32 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"'My classmates told me that this (marriage) was their best shot at life,' she said. 'I saw the limited opportunities we faced as not only low-income students in Detroit, but Yemeni immigrants, and how our values limited us even more.' Rebecca Churray, who taught middle and high school social studies teacher at Universal in the 2017-2018 school year, says was surprised to see how widely accepted and celebrated young marriage was in the school's community. 'I remember when I first started working at Universal, lots of students would tell me that they were so sad that I was in my twenties and not married,' Churray recalls" (para 23-25).more
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Marriage is nearly universal in the Maldives. By age 45-49, less than 1% of women and 3% of men have never been married" (57). The universality of marriage suggests that marriage is very culturally important in the Maldives (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:15 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Baeck, whose Youtube channel in English is called 'Solo-darity', objects to being called a 'mi-hon'-- someone who is not yet married. She's part of a growing and determined group of Korean women rejecting marriage and motherhood" (para 2). "A separate report from the [national statistics] agency shows fewer women believe marriage is a must. In 2010, 64.7% of women in South Korea answered that marriage is required for women, while 48.1% gave the same response in 2018" (para 8). "More than 20% of all wedding halls in Seoul have closed, including two of the largest venues in wealthier neighborhoods...according to a city report" (para 17). "She even refuses to be...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"This was no conventional wedding to join two people in matrimony. Instead, a group of nearly 30 friends gathered...to witness Sanae Hanaoka, 31, as she performed a public declaration of her love-- for her single self. 'I wanted to figure out how to live on my own,' Ms. Hanoka told the group...'I want to rely on my own strength'" (para 3-4). "Not so long ago, Japanese women who remained unmarried after the age of 25 were referred to as 'Christmas cake,' a slur comparing them to old holiday pastries that cannot be sold after Dec. 25. Today, such outright insults have faded as a growing number of Japanese women are...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"UNICEF's latest research on the issue, a 2018 study funded by the UN child-protection agency, found that many Afghans have a 'deeply economic and transactional view of marriage.' It says this attitude 'provides ongoing impetus to use child marriage as a coping mechanism' for poverty and the devastation of war" (para 17).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1

"Article 950 of the Civil Code states that a woman may not remarry until 120 days have elapsed from the day of the dissolution or annulment of her previous marriage. This is intended to allow for the determination of fatherhood of any children. Article 950, paragraph 2, of the Civil Code states that ‘in the case that a women becomes pregnant before the previous marriage was dissolved or annulled and has given birth, or in the case that a woman has a medical certificate from a doctor declaring that she is not pregnant, the marriage can proceed without the 120-day waiting period’" (34).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Decree No. 27-2010 amending the Civil Code and the Penal Code to eliminate provisions that discriminate against women in relation to marriage, divorce and the presumption of paternity" (2).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Marriage is nearly universal in Malawi, although women marry about 5 years earlier than men, on average" (55).
May 14, 2019, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Her mother, who had gotten married at 14 to a stranger twice her age, couldn’t understand the fuss. She’d stuck with her husband for five decades until he died, and was appalled that young women these days didn’t do the same. But for Ms. Amadou, who married at 16, simply having a husband was not enough. She never wanted to depend on a man in the first place. So, on a busy morning in Maradi, Niger, she sat in front of a judge at a crowded Islamic court on the sidewalk and asked for what young women across the region are seeking like never before: a divorce" (para 2-3). "For...more
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"The decrease can be explained by an increase in the level of education for women and their entry in force into the labour market" (58).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"In Tajikistan, 72% of women age 15-49 are currently married. Reflecting the traditional character of Tajik society, virtually all of these women are in formal unions; less than 1% report they are living together with a partner. . . Most Tajik women marry at least once during their lifetime. The proportion who have never been married decreases rapidly with age, from 87% among women age 15-19 to 20% among women age 20-24. Only 2% of women age 40-49 have never married" (51).
Feb. 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"According to data from the Ministry of the Interior, there were recorded cases of the lynching of 61 men and two women in 2010" (31).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Marriage is nearly universal in Ethiopia. By age 45-49, only 1% of women and 2% of men have never been married" (65).
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Government had filed an appeal before the Riyad Court in Saudi Arabia, on behalf of the Sri Lankan female domestic worker, who was recently sentenced to be stoned to death after being found guilty of having a clandestine affair, Foreign Employment Ministry said.The Ministry sources said the woman was married and having children in Sri Lanka, when she had convicted for adultery with a Sri Lankan youth employed in Saudi Arabia" (para 1-2).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"Trivialising or labelling of female students was common, for example, in the derisive references to residents of one of the female halls as 'butty', that is, overly westernised, privileged, and not suitable as 'wife material.' In the fellowships, women’s high levels of participation in religious activities were stigmatized as excessive, juvenile, and evidence of their being 'somehow feebleminded, more easily moved than guys.' This participation was viewed as advantageous, though, as a strategy for women to identify suitable partners. A male respondent said: 'There’s a big rush in the husband market. In the fellowships and crusades, you will see the number of sisters who are there to get a husband'"...more
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"'The Islamists dug two holes where they put the man and the woman who lived maritally without being married,' said a local official. 'They were stoned to death" (para 3). "Another local official said the ringleaders had accused the unmarried couple of violating 'Islamic law', which requires punishment by stoning'" (para 5). "In July 2012, the Al-Qaida-linked Ansar Dine group stoned a couple in public in Aguelhok they had accused of having children outside marriage" (para 7).
Jan. 1, 2019, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

“'Furthermore, this scheme [to give housewives money] will create a more equitable economic relationship between husbands and unemployed wives, while reinforcing the family institution by providing a new social safety net,' Lim said in a statement yesterday" (para 6).
Dec. 20, 2018, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2

"The couple said the 'legacy of marriage... treated women as property for centuries' and was not an option for them. 'We want to raise our children as equal partners and feel that a civil partnership - a modern, symmetrical institution - sets the best example for them,' they added" (para 4, 5). "Others have taken to social media to welcome the news and even take the extra step of proposing civil partnerships to their partners. 'It's not the most romantic or conventional of proposals,' she told the BBC. 'Marriage comes with historical, religious and gendered connotations - this offers a blank canvas. It's uncharted territory, so you can make it...more