The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-4

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee remains concerned that many marriages and divorces are not registered in the State party, and notes with concern that the Civil Code does not stipulate the non-validity of unregistered marriages" (16). "[T]he Committee urges the State party: (a) To repeal all discriminatory provisions against women, in particular articles 71 (1), 86, 135 to 145, 218, 252, 256, 268, 2007 and 2019 of the Civil Code and articles 91, 99 (2), 99 (3), 158 to 161, 132, 219 and 222 of the Shia Personal Status Law; (b) To ensure that the draft family law and the draft registration of marriage and divorce law provide for equal rights of women...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In October a gay man [in Hong Kong] sued the government because public housing rules did not allow his male spouse, whom he married overseas, to live with him because the rules only recognize opposite-sex partners as spouses" (128).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"No law criminalizes consensual same-sex sexual conduct, nor was there official discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons; however, societal discrimination persisted, particularly in rural areas" (25).
July 9, 2021, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Homosexuality can be punished by death and any public display of affection is against the law. Men outnumber women by more than three to one"(para 7).
March 13, 2021, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"When gospel singer Albert Nabonibo came out as gay in August 2019, the then-foreign affairs minister publicly expressed support for him" (para 11).
March 13, 2021, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Nigerian law criminalizes same-sex conduct as well as public show of same-sex amorous relationships, same-sex marriages, and the registration of gay clubs, societies, and organizations" (para 24). "In January, Lagos state police spokesperson Dolapo Badmos, through her private Instagram account warned gay people to leave Nigeria or risk prosecution under the Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act" (para 25). "A Sharia (Islamic law) court in Kano in January fined 11 women charged under the state’s Immoral Acts law for allegedly planning a same-sex wedding. The victims were arrested in December, 2018 by local religious police, known as Hisbah" (para 26).
March 13, 2021, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In May, the High Court upheld sections of the penal code that punish consensual same-sex relations with up to 14 years in prison" (para 21). "LGBT refugees and asylum seekers from neighboring countries faced attacks both in Kakuma refugee camp and in Nairobi neighborhoods. In June, police forcibly returned a group of LGBT asylum seekers from Nairobi to Kakuma, despite admissions from UNHCR that it could not ensure their safety in the camp" (para 23).
March 13, 2021, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"Same-sex relations are prohibited" (para 23).
Feb. 8, 2021, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Anyone refusing to employ or provide services to individuals based on their sexual orientation may face up to two years’ imprisonment" (para 10).
Feb. 8, 2021, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Hate crimes against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, especially beatings and torture of men perceived to be gay, occur with regularity and are often recorded and posted online. In August, an Istanbul-based LGBT activist, Shohruh Salimov, along with others, sent a public appeal to President Mirziyoyev asking him to scrap article 120 and protect the lives of LGBT people. Instead of investigating the attacks, police visited his relatives’ home and threatened to arrest him. LGBT activists told Human Rights Watch they constantly fear arrest and being disowned by family and friends" (para 17).
Feb. 8, 2021, 7:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In April, an Ankara court lifted the Ankara governor’s blanket ban in effect since November 2017 on public events by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights groups. However, bans on events in the city and in other cities around Turkey continue on a systematic basis demonstrating a repressive approach on LGBT rights. The Istanbul annual Pride march was banned for the fifth year, and other pride marches in cities such as Antalya and Izmir were also banned" (para 22).
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Same-sex marriage is legally recognised in Northern Ireland from today. Following a legal change last autumn, same-sex couples can now register to marry and the first ceremonies will take place next month. Those who are already married will have their marriage legally recognised in Northern Ireland. Heterosexual couples will also be able to enter into civil partnerships from today. But same sex couples in a civil partnership will not yet be able to convert it to a marriage in the province - the Northern Ireland Office is set to begin a consultation on the matter later this year. The status of same sex marriage and of abortion in Northern Ireland...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The dowry wasn’t much to pay for Eren’s well-off family, just 30 grams of gold in bangles worth $1200. Abdul wanted his father to ask for ten times that much. When Eren’s father said, 'I will treat her like my third daughter,' it cinched the deal" (para 22).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the… Criminalization of same-sex relationships, as referred to in the ruling of the Supreme Court (Suresh Kumar Koushal and another v. NAZ Foundation, 2013)" (3).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"We welcome the legalisation of marriage equality in December 2017" (17).
Jan. 18, 2021, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"SOS Homophobie, an NGO said it received 66 percent more reports of physical attacks on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people for 2018 compared to 2017" (para 8). "In October, the National Assembly adopted a bill allowing lesbian couples and single women to access fertility treatments available only to heterosexual couples. It was before the Senate at time of writing" (para 11).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Three transgender women were killed between November 2018 and January 2019. No one has been convicted in any of the killings. Eight men have been charged in the brutal beating of a transgender woman in Negeri Sembilan in August 2018. The victim suffered broken ribs, a ruptured spleen, and head injuries. The case remained pending at time of writing" (para 18).
Jan. 18, 2021, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Despite accepting a recommendation during its Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council in May 2017 to end the discredited police practice of administering anal testing to “prove” homosexuality, the government has not yet taken steps to carry out this pledge" (para 23).
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital, and homosexual sex" (para 13).
Jan. 4, 2021, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In addition, informal unions--or cohabitations--are common in Brazil and many other countries in Latin America, which also helps mask the problem, as these unions are often not considered to be 'marriage'" (para 2).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Kupura is so prevalent in the region that when a girl disappears, her parents will suspect what has happened. But rather than calling the police, they will seek the man out not to rescue their child, but to negotiate the dowry - or bride price - in cattle. For daughters are sadly seen as a short-term investment for poor, rural households - cash cows that can boost a family's financial position at the expense of a girl's schooling and wellbeing" (para 7-8). "Grace was abducted after she refused to marry the older man her father sold her off to" (para 10). "Her father had bartered a dozen cattle for his...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Customs around marriage and inheritance also complicate matters in domestic violence cases. Common-law marriage, a union that is not formally recorded with state registries, is a practice that is widespread in Armenia and often imposed by the man’s family152. Thus, battered women face a number of legal issues, including difficulty in claiming ownership of shared goods and difficulty receiving child support or alimony payments" (44).
Oct. 5, 2020, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"China decriminalized homosexuality in 1997, but it still lacks laws protecting people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, and same-sex partnership is not legal…However, a National People's Congress spokesperson said in August that the government would not consider marriage equality" (para 42).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"However, Pakistan's penal code criminalizes same-sex sexual conduct, placing men who have sex with men and transgender women at risk of police abuse, and other violence and discrimination" (para 33).
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"Section 73 of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act, 2004 punishes consensual same-sex conduct between men with up to one year in prison or a fine or both. This restrictive legislation contributes to stigma and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people" (para 13).
Sept. 26, 2020, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In August, the PA police spokesperson announced a ban on activities by the Palestinian lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) group Al-Qaws for Sexual & Gender Diversity in Palestinian society and vowed to prosecute its members. Police subsequently told rights groups that they disavowed the statement but have yet to publicly repudiate it" (para 34). "Israeli law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. However, same-sex marriage is not legal" (para 40).
Sept. 26, 2020, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In August, the PA police spokesperson announced a ban on activities by the Palestinian lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) group Al-Qaws for Sexual & Gender Diversity in Palestinian society and vowed to prosecute its members. Police subsequently told rights groups that they disavowed the statement but have yet to publicly repudiate it" (para 34). "Israeli law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. However, same-sex marriage is not legal" (para 40).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"While the provision does not specifically mention same-sex conduct, same-sex relationships are not legally recognized in Indonesia and if passed it would effectively criminalize all same-sex conduct" (para 20).
Sept. 16, 2020, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Activists planned Georgia’s first-ever Pride Week— including various social, political, and cultural events and a Pride March— for June 22. On May 31, the Interior Ministry issued a statement saying that the events could not be held outdoors, citing the risks to people involved in the events" (para 20).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"In March, the top military prosecutor acquitted four military personnel accused of sodomy and ruled that homosexuality is not a crime. This follows a district court of appeals’ similar groundbreaking ruling in July 2018, and four judgments from lower courts declining to convict gay and transgender people under article 534 since 2007" (para 21). "Transgender women in Lebanon face systemic violence and discrimination in accessing basic services, including employment, health care, and housing" (para 23).