The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-PRACTICE-6

July 23, 2021, 12:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"An abandoned woman has no status, says Shiwali Suman, who organises abandoned wives in New Delhi. 'Are we divorced, single, widowed?' she asks. 'What are we actually? We are not able to be categorized.' The men deny they have done anything wrong, saying they did their best but were taken advantage of by their wives. One says his life is 'hell' now and he no longer trusts women. The wives left behind don’t see it that way" (Para 16-18). "Reena Mehla was 24 when she got married. Five years later, she says, her husband told her he was going to work extra police duty shifts elsewhere in India, and instead...more
July 13, 2021, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Senator Kakar claimed that most cases of forced conversion “have some degree of willingness on the part of the girl”. If these cases are informed by consent, not coercion, then it is the duty of the state and civil society to, in fact, protect the ‘disappearance’ of girls. Senator Kakar, like many others, draws on two justifications for why/how these disappearances are ‘consensual’ rather than coercive:First, the small evidences that the man with whom the girl disappeared is no stranger (such as phone texts), and secondly, absence of evidence of physical force in her signing the marriage contract. These are the claims that activists and communities really struggle within their...more
June 25, 2021, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The East Asian Tribune said one of the criticisms of the ban on interracial marriages for the women comes from the fact that many of the English as a Second Language teachers in China marry local women. A spokesman told the news site that If our teachers are banned from marrying Chinese girls, they may not stay in the country as long, and we risk losing talented staff." (Para 8)
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“'The unregistered marriages are not recognised by the state and afford no rights to the girl, or any children that result from these unions'” (para 19).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Saying 'no' was not an option for another teenage refugee in the city, who had dreams of becoming a lawyer. Instead she was married off at 14 to a 50-year-old from Kuwaiti. She told her story from beneath a black veil, which concealed her face, but not the pain in her eyes" (para 28).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Saying 'no' was not an option for another teenage refugee in the city, who had dreams of becoming a lawyer. Instead she was married off at 14 to a 50-year-old from Kuwaiti. She told her story from beneath a black veil, which concealed her face, but not the pain in her eyes" (para 28).
Feb. 10, 2021, 12:44 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"However, Salafi leaders have categorically denied any role in abducting Christian girls or forceful proselytising. They claim that so far as they know, the girls converted to Islam of their own free will, in some cases after falling in love with a Muslim man. Ishaak Ibrahim, a religious rights researcher at the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), says inter-faith love affairs and conversions are dangerously provocative issues in Egypt. Rumours of such have led to outbreaks of sectarian violence. He says many of the alleged abductions involve young Christian girls who appear to have converted to Islam to escape bad relations with their families, or after having engaged in...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Having fled the war, Syrian women and girls are vulnerable to exploitation and increasing levels of abuse. Some look to marriage for protection, others are victims of pimps or matchmakers out for profit. Recently, a Turkish man in Gaziantep threw his 22 year-old Syrian bride from a 5th story window. Still, the stigma of divorce is so strong that some women, like Nur, a refugee living in a camp in southern Turkey, would rather risk abuse" (para 4). "Abdul, lonely without his family in Gaziantep, talked often to the caretaker of his building. He was a balding, potbellied Turkish man, common but good. His nephew, Eren, wanted a subservient bride,...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"FM often involves Australian residents or citizens under the age of 18 being forced into a marriage overseas, with the expectation that the individual will sponsor their spouse for migration to Australia. Often, relatives are alleged to have organised a marriage without free and full consent" (17).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Most of the men with foreign nationalities who marry Iranian women are refugees from Iran's neighboring countries like Afghanistan and Iraq, Fatemeh Ashrafi, head of HAMI, an association for protection of refugee women and children, told ABC News. "More than 100,000 Iranian women are married to [foreign men], mostly from neighboring countries," Ashrafi said" (para 5-6). "Khaleghzadeh has a 25-year-old undocumented pregnant daughter, also married to an undocumented Afghan refugee, who does not have a work permit in Iran. "If she can get my Iranian nationality, then she can pass it to her baby, too," she said. "At least they can get the cash subsidies from the government for the...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, DV-DATA-1

“R.D. v. France (no. 34648/14) (16 June 2016): This case concerned the procedure for the applicant’s deportation to Guinea, her country of origin. Married to a Christian, she had endured all sorts of violent reprisals on the part of her Muslim father and brothers. The applicant alleged in particular that enforcement of her deportation to Guinea would expose her to a risk of treatment contrary to Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Court held that the applicant’s deportation to Guinea would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention” (12).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

“Tunisia has abolished a decades-old ban on Muslim women marrying non-Muslims as the president seeks to secure equal rights for the country’s female population…Until now a non-Muslim man who wished to marry a Muslim Tunisian woman had to convert to Islam and submit a certificate of his conversion as proof while a Muslim Tunisian man is allowed to marry a non-Muslim woman” (para 1, 5).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

“The report also makes a grim warning. It may take even more than 50 years for these states to reach their natural sex ratio even if the Government ensures that not a single sex determination and subsequent foeticide or infanticide occurs in the State. The demand for girls of a marriageable age will be even more intense in the coming years and the demand will be sought to be met by inter-State marriages” (para 23).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Marriages between Muslim women and non-Muslim men are not recognized" (para 17).
June 20, 2020, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

The representative of Les anges du ciel [an NGO based in Kinshasa] indicated that, even though it is possible to marry a person from another ethnic group, it does not occur frequently, since fear of mixing with another culture is perceived to be the cause of conflict in marriage among the Luba...In correspondence with the Research Directorate, a professor at the Institute of Sociology at the Université libre de Bruxelles who researches Luba in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), indicated that endogamy [the custom of marrying within one's own group] is "quite important" for the Luba in Kasaï, but expressed the contrasting view that there are many "'cross-marriages'"...more
June 9, 2020, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"About 6,000 Vietnamese women marry men in South Korea every year, overtaking China as the country sending the largest number of foreign brides to South Korea, according to the South Korean embassy in Hanoi" (para 2). "In 2018 a study by the National Human Rights Commission found that of 920 foreign wives in South Korea, 42% had suffered domestic violence, while 68% had experienced unwanted sexual advances" (para 8). "Activists say that while a high proportion of migrant wives experience abuse, few report their cases to the police" (para 13).
June 5, 2020, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"relationships between Muslim Bosniaks, Catholic Croats, and Orthodox Serbs once accounted for about 13 percent of all marriages in Bosnian territory...Today, the number of mixed marriages stands at just 4 percent, according to statistics cited by local media...Mirza Emirhafizovic, a lecturer at the Sarajevo Faculty of Political Sciences, says mass migrations after the war have helped redraw Bosnia's ethnic map, stifling the integration of Croats, Serbs, and Bosniaks and pushing mixed marriages to more urbanized areas where ethnic diversity remains...According to a survey by the Pew Center, published in May, only 40 percent of non-Muslim Bosnians would accept Muslims into their family even though almost three-quarters of respondents say a...more
May 30, 2020, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

According to a 2017 survey, 54% of Armenians disapprove of women marrying Americans, 94% disapprove of women marrying Azerbaijanis, 53% disapprove fo women marrying Italians, 83% disapprove of women marrying Arabs, 61% disapprove of women marrying Georgians, 84% disapprove of women marrying Iranians, 74% disapprove of women marrying Jews, 83% disapprove of women marrying Kurds/Yezidi, 49% disapprove of women marrying Russians, 93% disapprove of women marrying Turks, 58% disapprove of women marrying Ukrainians, and 73% disapprove of women marrying Molokans.
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Ammani welcomes the reawakened debate on child marriage but warns of its limits: 'The fact is, a lot of people [here], when they hear the campaigning is by people from a different tradition or religion, they won't agree with it.'" (para 19).
March 28, 2020, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Bohras are known for their liberal attitude toward the education of women. Yet the community is also tightly controlled by an entirely male clergy, with headquarters in upscale Malabar Hill in southern Mumbai. Here, alongside the homes of Bollywood stars and billionaire business tycoons, sits the sprawling Saifee Mahal, the home of the religious head known as the Syedna. When they reach puberty, Bohra boys and girls take an oath of loyalty to the Syedna, and he has a say in almost every aspect of their lives, including marriage and funerals" (para 16-17).. From Mumbai to New York, medical professionals receive the Syedna's blessings to perform circumcision for girls,...more
March 7, 2020, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"According to diktats of the community councils in Haryana, marriages within the same village and community are not allowed. Both Nidhi and Dharmender belonged to the Jat community. Nidhi's family convinced them to return to the village with assurances that neither would be harmed. When the couple returned, Nidhi's family, including her parents, brother, and uncle murdered them for violating the family's honor. The police, alerted by a villager, arrived just as Nidhi's family had partially cremated her body on a burning pyre" (para 4-5).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Laws affecting marriage and personal status generally corresponded to an individual’s religious group. A female Muslim citizen cannot legally marry a non- Muslim man. If she were to do so, authorities could charge her with adultery and consider her children illegitimate. Under the government’s interpretation of Islamic law, any children from such a marriage could be placed in the custody of a male Muslim guardian." (43). "The legal age of marriage is 18. According to UNICEF 17 percent of girls married before age 18, and 2 percent of girls were married by age 15. According to NCW statistics, nearly 36 percent of marriages in rural areas in the southern part...more
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Under Islamic law a Muslim man may marry a Jewish or Christian woman. A Muslim woman may not marry a non-Muslim man." (pg 18). "A Muslim woman cannot legally marry a non- Muslim man." (pg 43).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The country’s interpretation of sharia prohibits women from marrying non-Muslims, but men may marry Christians and Jews. Women require government permission to marry noncitizens; men must obtain government permission if they intend to marry citizens from countries other than Gulf Cooperation Council member states" (42).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"'There is a rule in Hindu religion that one has to marry within our religion,' says Kanchai. 'Young girls talk to boys on the phone and then elope to get married. We recently struggled to get a girl to leave the Muslim man she had married. Initially, she refused because she was pregnant but after repeated guidance by us, she left him. We told her how the Muslims had killed Bodo people in the neighbouring villages. She saw reason. She has now separated from her husband and works for Sewa Bharati'" (para 84).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Under sharia a Muslim man may marry a Jewish or Christian woman. A Muslim woman may not marry a non-Muslim unless he converts to Islam, but this prohibition was not universally enforced. Non-Muslims may adopt only non-Muslim children; a comparable restriction does not apply to Muslim parents" (Pg 20). "In May 2014 a local court sentenced Meriam Yahia Ibrahim Ishag to 100 lashes and death by hanging for committing apostasy and adultery by marrying a Christian man. Ishag identified herself as a Christian. The government released Ishag from custody in June 2014 after the Court of Appeals overturned her conviction. Following significant international pressure, authorities allowed her to leave the...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"No citizen may marry a foreigner without permission from the Ministry of Interior, the NSB, and, in some instances, the PSO, under a regulation authorities enforced arbitrarily...The ministry typically approved marriages to foreigners if the foreigner provided an embassy letter stating that the government of the non-Yemeni spouse had no objection to the marriage and presented a marriage contract signed by a judge. Frequently, bribes facilitated approval; there was no available information on current practice" (13-14).
April 30, 2019, 5:44 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Since September 2017, Tunisian women are free to marry non-Muslims. President Beji Caid Essebsi repealed a circular dated to 1973, inspired by the country's Muslim traditions that previously required non-Muslim men to convert to Islam in order to marry a Muslim woman. Only then the country's Mufti would allow the marriage to take place." (para 2). "Despite the change in legislation, the fight over inter-religious marriages is not over yet as many women have recently stumbled on problems when trying to marry outside of Islam." (para 3). ""The whole problem was that we couldn't find in Hammamet a notary who was willing to marry us," Zeineb said recalling the first...more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17). "The majority of Jewish citizens objected to exclusive Orthodox control over aspects of their personal lives, including marriage and 'kashrut' (Jewish dietary laws), according to a survey of 800 Jewish Israelis published in September by the NGO Hiddush" (17).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"The Ministry of Interior requires citizens to obtain permission to marry foreigners, except nationals of Gulf Cooperation Council countries, whom citizens may marry without restriction; authorities do not automatically grant permission, which is particularly difficult for Omani women to obtain. Citizen marriage to a foreigner abroad without ministry approval may result in denial of entry for the foreignspouse at the border and preclude children from claiming citizenship and residency rights. It also may result in a bar from government employment and a fine of 2,000 rials ($5,200)" (5).