The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

May 18, 2021, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Hemanti Dhara Das was severely underweight and anemic at the time of her pregnancy. Her weight had dropped to 32 kg and her haemoglobin level had dipped to 6 gm/dl. While she managed to deliver her baby, she died three months later because of complications arising out of childbirth. Das, who stayed in the Tinsukia district in Assam, is not alone to meet such a cruel fate. Hundreds of women die in Upper Assam every year because of anemia, blood pressure and malnutrition" (para 1-3). "But a group of women from 20 villages of Upper Assam are on a mission to save their kind from the clutches of death and...more
April 22, 2021, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Meanwhile, the country registers numbers of unsafe abortions that are among the highest in Africa. Maternal mortality is high at about 6,000 deaths per year, 17 per cent of them from complications of unsafe abortion" (para 1). "This [the extension of reproductive rights] would help prevent more deaths through unsafe abortion practices, which claim the lives of seven women every day and cost public health facilities over 500 million Kenyan shillings every year in post-abortion care, according to research published in 2018 by the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) and the Kenyan Ministry of Health" (para 3).
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Few to none of these maternal deaths are due to medical mismanagement. Instead, problems of access, care coordination, and inequities in health care resources and social services are at the heart of maternal death rates” (para. 2). “Consistently, these task forces have arrived at the same conclusion: the causes affecting pregnancy-related deaths are not separa.te threads, but a web; and these overlapping social, economic, behavioral, and genetic determinants cannot be adequately addressed by siloed stakeholders” (para. 5). “Cradle Cincinnati is an exemplar. They have formed a coalition that connects all of the significant stakeholders in the pregnancy space to combat the high infant mortality rates in Hamilton Country, Ohio, joining...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"While noting efforts by the State party to achieve greater coverage of maternal health services, the Committee is concerned about the persistently high rate of maternal mortality in some states and the high rate of deaths resulting from unsafe abortion, lack of access to safe abortion, post-abortion care and high-quality services for the management of complications arising from unsafe abortion" (11). "The Committee urges the State party...To adopt a policy for mandatory and accurate reporting of maternal deaths, irrespective of whether the deaths occur in public or private health facilities, homes or on the way to a health facility, and to establish a system to monitor the delivery of transparent...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Deliveries are officially performed in hospital units, in particular maternity wards and maternal and child centres, by midwives or by skilled personnel, including doctors and nurses, where professional midwives are not available, a situation that has improved as a result of intensive training of health personnel. An estimated 22.8 per cent of births still occur at home, mostly with the support of trained traditional birth attendants, who are supervised and provided with guidance under the national health system throughout the country” (pp. 37). “With regard to training in this area, the National Development Plan established an annual training goal of 564 traditional birth attendants, a number that was exceeded, as...more
Jan. 7, 2021, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Nigeria’s maternal mortality rate still alarmingly high. Reports show that most women who are looking for male children go-ahead to have many children and have refused to space their pregnancies. This has led to more women dying during child birth and some others developing health problem. According to experts, ending some cultural practices that encourage Male child preference will help reduce maternal mortality and morbidity in the country” (para. 20-22). “The latest figure from UNICEF shows that women of childbearing age (between 15 and 49 years of age) in Nigeria (about 40 million), suffer a disproportionally high level of health issues surrounding childbirth. The country currently contributes 10 percent of...more
Jan. 2, 2021, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Few to none of these maternal deaths are due to medical mismanagement. Instead, problems of access, care coordination, and inequities in health care resources and social services are at the heart of maternal death rates” (para. 2). “Consistently, these task forces have arrived at the same conclusion: the causes affecting pregnancy-related deaths are not separa.te threads, but a web; and these overlapping social, economic, behavioral, and genetic determinants cannot be adequately addressed by siloed stakeholders” (para. 5). “Cradle Cincinnati is an exemplar. They have formed a coalition that connects all of the significant stakeholders in the pregnancy space to combat the high infant mortality rates in Hamilton Country, Ohio, joining...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“There is a shortfall in maternal health clinics since funding from the US has plummeted under Donald Trump administration” (para. 18). “In 2017, under pressure from the American 'pro-life' lobby, a 'global gag rule' meant any organisation that so much as offers as advice on abortion will be barred from American aid.As a result, Family Health Options Kenya, just one organisation, had to eliminate free outreach services and close two clinics” (para. 19). The abortions are risky for the woman too - seven women die every day as a result, according to Marie Stopes International, a leading women's health charity” (para. 25). “As many as 350,000 Kenyan women a year...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"Women repeatedly become pregnant to deliver as many children as possible preferably sons to become worthier. Child birth is even preferred over a woman’s life; ‘Family members insisted for continuation of pregnancy, even at the risk of the pregnant mother’s life. Mother died after delivering a baby boy. Family considered the death as God’s will’" (para 37).
Sept. 29, 2020, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Unsafe abortions kill many Tanzanian women, according to a recent study, but the deaths result from several factors and women in some regions die much more often than others" (para 1). "Tanzania's abortion rate -- 36 per 1,000 women-- is typical for East Africa. But abortions and related deaths are nearly five times higher for women in the north, near Lake Victoria, and in the southern highlands, than for women living on the island of Zanzibar. Zanzibar is 98 percent Muslim; polygamy is common and extramarital sex is taboo, so unplanned pregnancies are rare, Dr. Keogh said" (para 7).
Aug. 30, 2020, 12:51 a.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Unsafe abortions make up a significant portion of maternal deaths, with 47,000 women dying from unsafe abortions annually, according to the World Health Organization" (para 6).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Health professionals believe Venezuela could cut its high maternal mortality rate by a third doing one thing: Providing contraceptives" (para 17). "Adolescent moms under 15 are twice as likely to die during pregnancy" (para 30).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Thirty-four percent of births in the 5 years preceding the survey are not in any high-risk category. Thirty- two percent are in the unavoidable risk category, which includes first births to women between age 18 and age 34; 27% are in a single high-risk category (mother’s age less than 18 years, mother’s age more than 34 years, birth interval less than 24 months, and birth order more than three); and 7% are in multiple high-risk categories. Risk ratios indicate the relationship between risk factors and child mortality. Among those in the single high-risk category, the risk ratio is highest (2.33) for children born to women younger than age 18, with...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In order to upgrade the skills of obstetrician-gynaecologists from remote and mountainous areas, under a decree of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, over 20 specialists took a month-long course in emergency obstetric care in 2017. More than 120 obstetrics specialists were trained in emergency obstetric care for pregnant women suffering from haemorrhage and eclampsia. All maternity institutions were provided with basic medical equipment for emergency care for pregnant women and newborns. At the same time, simulation rooms have been established in all maternity institutions and equipped with visual aids (dummies) for training medical personnel. In order to improve health care for mothers and children, regulations on coaching in...more
June 2, 2020, 2:23 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In the 1940s, the United States and Britain had similar rates of maternal mortality. Today, Britain has significantly cut its maternal mortality rate, a success that is largely attributable to its willingness to study the problem and make calculated improvements, experts agree. 'We have virtually no deaths from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia-related disorders now, because of very comprehensive guidelines,' said Dr. Knight, citing some of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the United States, involving high blood pressure... In Britain, Dr. Knight said, 'We have very detailed guidelines about care, about management of high blood pressure conditions'" (para 16-17, 19)
June 2, 2020, 2:14 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In most countries in the Commonwealth Fund report, mothers deliver their babies in the care of midwives in more relaxed environments. Sweden has one of the lowest C-section rates, around 17.3 percent of all births, and one of the lowest rates of maternal mortality" (para 8).
June 2, 2020, 12:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Women in the United States face a far greater risk of dying from childbirth complications than in many other wealthy countries. Now the federal government has taken a step toward addressing the problem with the Preventing Maternal Deaths Act, signed in December, which will provide federal grants to states to investigate the deaths of women who die within a year of being pregnant" (para 1-2). "Although cardiovascular problems account for the highest percentage of maternal deaths, complications linked to surgical deliveries are among the biggest factors. One in three American mothers delivers her baby via cesarean section, a rate that has increased more than 500 percent since the 1970s. While...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"To improve the availability of and access to quality health care, especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women, and children, the government launched the National Rural Health Mission for the 2005-2012 period. One of the important goals of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is to provide access to improved health care at the household level through female Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), who act as an interface between the community and the public health system. The National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) was established as a Sub-mission of the over-arching National Health Mission (NHM) in 2013, with NRHM being the other Sub-mission of the National Health Mission....more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The foundation of the health system of the DPRK is the household doctor system universal coverage free of charge and the provision of primary health care. Full coverage of immunization and maternal and child health (MCH) services through strengthening the women’s health-care system based on the household doctor system has been a priority area for the development of health sector" (23). "According to this strategic plan, achieving MDG 4 and 5 aimed at reduction of maternal and child mortality by two thirds of the levels of 1990 by 2015 and bringing about a significant reduction in the incidence and infection of malaria and Tuberculosis (TB) has been set as an...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Law for Healthy Maternity and its enabling regulation, Government Decision No. 65-2012, were approved in Decree No. 32-2010. They set out to establish the legal framework for implementing mechanisms to improve the health and quality of life for women and new-born infants; promote human development by providing women with universal, timely and cost-free access to information and quality services with a gender and ethnic perspective before and during pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum period, in order to prevent and gradually eradicate maternal and neonatal mortality (...) c) article 29, on penalties for common-law spouses reads: 'the man cohabiting with the woman shall permit, promote and facilitate her having access...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Globally, approximately half of maternal deaths occur within the first 24 hours after delivery. In line with WHO guidelines, Nigeria’s safe motherhood programme recommends that women who deliver in a health facility receive a postnatal health care check within the first 24 hours after delivery, while those who give birth outside a health facility should be referred for postnatal checks in health facilities within 12 hours after delivery. In Nigeria, 42% of mothers who gave birth in the 2 years preceding the survey reported seeing someone for a check within the first 2 days after birth, with 36% reporting that they were checked within 4 hours after giving birth. Most...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The 2017-18 PDHS results show that 86% of women who gave birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care from a skilled provider at least once for their last birth. Doctors were the major service providers (82%). Eighty-five percent of women were satisfied with the services provided. Younger women, age 15-35, were more likely (85% to 88%) to use ANC services from skilled providers than their older counterparts, age 35-49 (78%). Urban women were more likely than rural women to receive ANC from a skilled provider (94% and 82%, respectively). Of women who received ANC from a skilled provider, more urban women than rural women were satisfied...more
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage in Indonesia has been blamed for causing maternal and infant deaths…Women's Empowerment and Child Protection Minister Yohana Yembise said in a statement" (para 9).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the rate of maternal mortality has been significantly reduced. It notes with concern, however, that the rate remains relatively high in the State party, inter alia because of insufficient skilled birth attendants, unhygienic conditions, insufficient access to postnatal care, the low number of skilled medical personnel and health facilities being as far as one-hour walking distance for many women. It is also concerned that: (a) Maternal mortality is further exacerbated by unsafe abortions, to which many women must resort because of the criminalization of abortion, the practice of which is allowed only in exceptional cases with particularly cumbersome requirements, namely the issuance of a...more
March 7, 2020, 6:39 a.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"'Survivors often suffer from illnesses such as obstetric fistula,' Hassan Idrissa, another midwife in Niamey told IPS. In April 2013, out of 163 obstetric fistula victims counted in the country’s six healthcare centres, 80 percent were married before the age of 18, the Ministry of Public Health stated" (para 12).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Among the actions taken in the Congo to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality and eliminate its causes are: (i) the promotion of family planning; (ii) the training of health workers and the public (including women) on life-saving skills; (iii) mobilization and revitalization of associations and networks of midwives and doctors; (iv) launch of PMTCT programmes; (v) the institutionalization of free caesarean section and malaria treatment for pregnant women and children under age 5 (Decree No. 2008-128 of 23 June 2008); (vi) the institutionalization of the campaign on the Reduction of Maternal Mortality (CARMMA, 2009); (vii) road map for the reduction of maternal mortality; (viii) Government mothers/children weeks; (ix) the...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Abortion in Morocco is legal only in the cases of married women can prove that pregnancy will harm their health, in these cases, their husband must also sanction the procedure" (para 8).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the reduction in the maternal, infant and child mortality rates and the introduction of free care for children under 5 years of age and in relation to specific services for women in the State party. The Committee is concerned, however, about: The extremely high rates of maternal mortality, fertility (7.6 children per woman), early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting incidence of obstetric fistula, and acute malnutrition affecting women" (11).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The MoH has implemented the National Strategic Plan for Prevention of HIV from Mother to Child 2008–2015, which provides care to all pregnant women including blood tests for anemia, HIV/AIDS and STIs. In 2015, 1,216 health facilities provided these services. In 2015, 80 per cent of pregnant women were voluntarily tested for HIV, up from only 15 per cent in 2008" (26). "The Fast Track Initiative Roadmap (FTIRM) for Reducing Maternal and Newborn Mortality 2016–2020 is an extension of the first FTIRM 2010–2015 and outlines the priorities for reducing maternal and child mortality in line with the targets established for the SDGs" (27). "Cambodia is one of only ten countries...more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains deeply concerned about the high levels of maternal mortality, often owing to child marriage and subsequent early pregnancy, and about the criminalization of abortion, which forces women and girls to resort to unsafe abortion" (10).