The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MMR-PRACTICE-1

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"A road map was established in 2014 by the MoH for the development and implementation of a Maternal Death Surveillance Response (MDSR) System. In 2015, the Maternal Death Review process was established in all hospitals and expanded beyond since 2017. In 2016, verbal autopsy reporting, including for intrapartum and immediate postpartum, was introduced through SOPs. Health workers from the 6 hospitals were trained accordingly on the new MDSR system as well as health workers at community level, local authorities, community leaders, NGOs on the SOPs" (35).
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"To address the maternal mortality rate, the Government consistently improves access to healthcare services. Thus, the government are focused on 5 (five) key activities which include: 1) each delivery is carried out in a health facility; (2) every obstetric and neonatal complication receives adequate help; (3) every woman of childbearing age has access to the prevention of unwanted pregnancies and the handling of post-miscarriage complications; (4) coverage of services for pregnant women at least 4 times (K4) by increasing health personnel; and (5) availability of birth waiting house facilities that bring pregnant women closer to health care facilities" (2). "Efforts to reduce MMR are implemented by expanding access to maternal...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"As of the end of 2009, there were a total of 3013 Maternal and Infant Health Care hospitals (medical stations and centres), with a total of over 500,000 Maternal and Infant Health Care personnel" (45).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Prenatal care programme is one of the routine services that is applied across the country in order to increase maternal health level and reduce maternal mortality" (24).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"To date, Suriname has made significant improvements in the fields of enrolment of women in education, reduction of maternal mortality, combating HIV/AIDS, adoption/revision of legislation and defining and implementing of various national plans, programs and projects" ( 6). "In order to report on the progress with regard to maternal health, it is worth mentioning achievements made in the areas of reducing maternal mortality, improved birth attendance by skilled personnel and increased access to reproductive health" (29). "Most important causes of maternal mortality as registered are Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH), excessive loss of blood (HPP) and complications during pregnancy, delivery or in puerperium" (29).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MMR-PRACTICE-1

"...Access to health care was a significant problem in the indigenous comarcas, despite government investment in more health infrastructure and staff. This was reflected in high rates of maternal and infant mortality, malnutrition, and an increase in HIV rates. The government continued to execute the Indigenous Development Plan jointly developed with indigenous leaders in 2013" (17).
Feb. 28, 2022, 12:54 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Earlier this month, 21-year-old Lakhu BK decided to have her baby at home in her village in the far west of Nepal. She had feared contracting Covid-19 if she went to a health centre. She lost her life giving birth. 'I thought my daughter-in-law will die from [the] virus but did not think she would die from being unable to give birth,' said her mother-in-law, Pamfi BK, 50. By the time the family sought medical help, it was too late. 'Her baby had already died. We somehow managed to deliver a dead baby, but I could not save her life,' said Urmila Acharya, an auxiliary nurse at Dhaulagoha health centre...more
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The state does not have programs to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality rate. However, there are private clinics opened in Mogadishu by women who are trying to tackle such a phenomena" (1).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to reduce maternal mortality and improve access to family planning. It also welcomes the training of female health personnel and midwives by the State party and their deployment to remote areas. The Committee is, however, deeply concerned about the limited access that women have to health care, in particular sexual and reproductive health-care services and information, especially in rural and remote areas, the persistently high rate of maternal mortality and the disproportionate impact of conflict on women’s health" (14). "It also notes with concern...The high number of women who suffer from obstetric fistula owing to obstructed labour" (14).
Sept. 14, 2021, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"When abortion is illegal, it is unsafe. In El Salvador, scores of women die every year from illegal abortions. They aren’t the daughters of the elite, whose money helps them find safe, private ways to end their unwanted pregnancies. They are the women who live far from cities, in cinder-block homes with dirt floors and no running water. They are the women who continue to use coat hangers in the age of the Internet because they cannot afford to purchase abortion drugs online. In addition, banning abortion changes the lives of girls, who, because they cannot get an abortion, become mothers as teenagers. El Salvador has one of the highest...more
July 1, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The health system hangs together by a thread; only about half of all health facilities in Yemen are functional, and of those still operating, only 20 per cent provide maternal and child health services. A woman dies in childbirth every two hours [in Yemen], says UNFPA" (para 7).
May 18, 2021, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Hemanti Dhara Das was severely underweight and anemic at the time of her pregnancy. Her weight had dropped to 32 kg and her haemoglobin level had dipped to 6 gm/dl. While she managed to deliver her baby, she died three months later because of complications arising out of childbirth. Das, who stayed in the Tinsukia district in Assam, is not alone to meet such a cruel fate. Hundreds of women die in Upper Assam every year because of anemia, blood pressure and malnutrition" (para 1-3). "But a group of women from 20 villages of Upper Assam are on a mission to save their kind from the clutches of death and...more
April 22, 2021, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Meanwhile, the country registers numbers of unsafe abortions that are among the highest in Africa. Maternal mortality is high at about 6,000 deaths per year, 17 per cent of them from complications of unsafe abortion" (para 1). "This [the extension of reproductive rights] would help prevent more deaths through unsafe abortion practices, which claim the lives of seven women every day and cost public health facilities over 500 million Kenyan shillings every year in post-abortion care, according to research published in 2018 by the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) and the Kenyan Ministry of Health" (para 3).
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Few to none of these maternal deaths are due to medical mismanagement. Instead, problems of access, care coordination, and inequities in health care resources and social services are at the heart of maternal death rates” (para. 2). “Consistently, these task forces have arrived at the same conclusion: the causes affecting pregnancy-related deaths are not separa.te threads, but a web; and these overlapping social, economic, behavioral, and genetic determinants cannot be adequately addressed by siloed stakeholders” (para. 5). “Cradle Cincinnati is an exemplar. They have formed a coalition that connects all of the significant stakeholders in the pregnancy space to combat the high infant mortality rates in Hamilton Country, Ohio, joining...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"While noting efforts by the State party to achieve greater coverage of maternal health services, the Committee is concerned about the persistently high rate of maternal mortality in some states and the high rate of deaths resulting from unsafe abortion, lack of access to safe abortion, post-abortion care and high-quality services for the management of complications arising from unsafe abortion" (11). "The Committee urges the State party...To adopt a policy for mandatory and accurate reporting of maternal deaths, irrespective of whether the deaths occur in public or private health facilities, homes or on the way to a health facility, and to establish a system to monitor the delivery of transparent...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Deliveries are officially performed in hospital units, in particular maternity wards and maternal and child centres, by midwives or by skilled personnel, including doctors and nurses, where professional midwives are not available, a situation that has improved as a result of intensive training of health personnel. An estimated 22.8 per cent of births still occur at home, mostly with the support of trained traditional birth attendants, who are supervised and provided with guidance under the national health system throughout the country” (pp. 37). “With regard to training in this area, the National Development Plan established an annual training goal of 564 traditional birth attendants, a number that was exceeded, as...more
Jan. 7, 2021, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Nigeria’s maternal mortality rate still alarmingly high. Reports show that most women who are looking for male children go-ahead to have many children and have refused to space their pregnancies. This has led to more women dying during child birth and some others developing health problem. According to experts, ending some cultural practices that encourage Male child preference will help reduce maternal mortality and morbidity in the country” (para. 20-22). “The latest figure from UNICEF shows that women of childbearing age (between 15 and 49 years of age) in Nigeria (about 40 million), suffer a disproportionally high level of health issues surrounding childbirth. The country currently contributes 10 percent of...more
Jan. 2, 2021, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“Few to none of these maternal deaths are due to medical mismanagement. Instead, problems of access, care coordination, and inequities in health care resources and social services are at the heart of maternal death rates” (para. 2). “Consistently, these task forces have arrived at the same conclusion: the causes affecting pregnancy-related deaths are not separa.te threads, but a web; and these overlapping social, economic, behavioral, and genetic determinants cannot be adequately addressed by siloed stakeholders” (para. 5). “Cradle Cincinnati is an exemplar. They have formed a coalition that connects all of the significant stakeholders in the pregnancy space to combat the high infant mortality rates in Hamilton Country, Ohio, joining...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

“There is a shortfall in maternal health clinics since funding from the US has plummeted under Donald Trump administration” (para. 18). “In 2017, under pressure from the American 'pro-life' lobby, a 'global gag rule' meant any organisation that so much as offers as advice on abortion will be barred from American aid.As a result, Family Health Options Kenya, just one organisation, had to eliminate free outreach services and close two clinics” (para. 19). The abortions are risky for the woman too - seven women die every day as a result, according to Marie Stopes International, a leading women's health charity” (para. 25). “As many as 350,000 Kenyan women a year...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"Women repeatedly become pregnant to deliver as many children as possible preferably sons to become worthier. Child birth is even preferred over a woman’s life; ‘Family members insisted for continuation of pregnancy, even at the risk of the pregnant mother’s life. Mother died after delivering a baby boy. Family considered the death as God’s will’" (para 37).
Sept. 29, 2020, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Unsafe abortions kill many Tanzanian women, according to a recent study, but the deaths result from several factors and women in some regions die much more often than others" (para 1). "Tanzania's abortion rate -- 36 per 1,000 women-- is typical for East Africa. But abortions and related deaths are nearly five times higher for women in the north, near Lake Victoria, and in the southern highlands, than for women living on the island of Zanzibar. Zanzibar is 98 percent Muslim; polygamy is common and extramarital sex is taboo, so unplanned pregnancies are rare, Dr. Keogh said" (para 7).
Aug. 30, 2020, 12:51 a.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Unsafe abortions make up a significant portion of maternal deaths, with 47,000 women dying from unsafe abortions annually, according to the World Health Organization" (para 6).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Health professionals believe Venezuela could cut its high maternal mortality rate by a third doing one thing: Providing contraceptives" (para 17). "Adolescent moms under 15 are twice as likely to die during pregnancy" (para 30).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Thirty-four percent of births in the 5 years preceding the survey are not in any high-risk category. Thirty- two percent are in the unavoidable risk category, which includes first births to women between age 18 and age 34; 27% are in a single high-risk category (mother’s age less than 18 years, mother’s age more than 34 years, birth interval less than 24 months, and birth order more than three); and 7% are in multiple high-risk categories. Risk ratios indicate the relationship between risk factors and child mortality. Among those in the single high-risk category, the risk ratio is highest (2.33) for children born to women younger than age 18, with...more
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In order to upgrade the skills of obstetrician-gynaecologists from remote and mountainous areas, under a decree of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, over 20 specialists took a month-long course in emergency obstetric care in 2017. More than 120 obstetrics specialists were trained in emergency obstetric care for pregnant women suffering from haemorrhage and eclampsia. All maternity institutions were provided with basic medical equipment for emergency care for pregnant women and newborns. At the same time, simulation rooms have been established in all maternity institutions and equipped with visual aids (dummies) for training medical personnel. In order to improve health care for mothers and children, regulations on coaching in...more
June 2, 2020, 2:23 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In the 1940s, the United States and Britain had similar rates of maternal mortality. Today, Britain has significantly cut its maternal mortality rate, a success that is largely attributable to its willingness to study the problem and make calculated improvements, experts agree. 'We have virtually no deaths from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia-related disorders now, because of very comprehensive guidelines,' said Dr. Knight, citing some of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the United States, involving high blood pressure... In Britain, Dr. Knight said, 'We have very detailed guidelines about care, about management of high blood pressure conditions'" (para 16-17, 19)
June 2, 2020, 2:14 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In most countries in the Commonwealth Fund report, mothers deliver their babies in the care of midwives in more relaxed environments. Sweden has one of the lowest C-section rates, around 17.3 percent of all births, and one of the lowest rates of maternal mortality" (para 8).
June 2, 2020, 12:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Women in the United States face a far greater risk of dying from childbirth complications than in many other wealthy countries. Now the federal government has taken a step toward addressing the problem with the Preventing Maternal Deaths Act, signed in December, which will provide federal grants to states to investigate the deaths of women who die within a year of being pregnant" (para 1-2). "Although cardiovascular problems account for the highest percentage of maternal deaths, complications linked to surgical deliveries are among the biggest factors. One in three American mothers delivers her baby via cesarean section, a rate that has increased more than 500 percent since the 1970s. While...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"To improve the availability of and access to quality health care, especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women, and children, the government launched the National Rural Health Mission for the 2005-2012 period. One of the important goals of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is to provide access to improved health care at the household level through female Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), who act as an interface between the community and the public health system. The National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) was established as a Sub-mission of the over-arching National Health Mission (NHM) in 2013, with NRHM being the other Sub-mission of the National Health Mission....more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The foundation of the health system of the DPRK is the household doctor system universal coverage free of charge and the provision of primary health care. Full coverage of immunization and maternal and child health (MCH) services through strengthening the women’s health-care system based on the household doctor system has been a priority area for the development of health sector" (23). "According to this strategic plan, achieving MDG 4 and 5 aimed at reduction of maternal and child mortality by two thirds of the levels of 1990 by 2015 and bringing about a significant reduction in the incidence and infection of malaria and Tuberculosis (TB) has been set as an...more