The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MULV-DATA-1

Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Results of different surveys confirm that division of care burden in Estonia still reflects rather traditional values. While both partners are expected to supplement to the family s income, the caring duties at home are still often expected to be met by the woman. These attitudes are reflected also in the employment data. The employment rate of men is highest (over 84% in 2010, over 91% in 2013) for men with at least one child below 3 years of age. For such women employment rate is lowest (29% in 2010, 23% in 2013) but raises remarkably right after that. Employment rates for men and women with school aged children were...more
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"For women's unwaged informal labor, the highest proportions are seen in Bahrain (54%) and Lebanon (58%) due to the importance of female domestic labor for female migrant workers... The share of women's informal waged labor in Jordan also rises to 46% for the same reason"(8-9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco" (9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco,... while Egypt (18%), Iraq (13%) and Syria (12%) see significant percentages" (9). Thus, 10,402 workers employed within 5,535 households [in Iraq] were surveyed, and the percentage of household workers was highest in rural areas and in Qadisiyah and Karbala governorates. The number of family waged workers did not exceed 1%, while housewives looking after this sector accounted for 36% of the total" (15).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco... and Syria (12%) see[s] significant percentages" (9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco... [and] 33% in Sudan" (9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"For women's unwaged informal labor, the ...lowest share is seen in Tunisia (3%) thanks to the social security systems and in Egypt (8%) due to the scarcity of women's waged labor"(8-9). "The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco, ...while Egypt (18%)... see[s] significant percentages" (9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain, Lebanon
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"For women's unwaged informal labor, the highest proportions are seen in Bahrain (54%) and Lebanon (58%) due to the importance of female domestic labor for female migrant workers. It is worth noting that these two countries are characterized by a percentage of women's informal waged labor higher than the total (higher than that of males)"(8-9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco[ and] 39% in Yemen" (9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"For women's unwaged informal labor, the highest proportions are seen in Bahrain (54%) and Lebanon (58%) due to the importance of female domestic labor for female migrant workers... The lowest share is seen in Tunisia (3%) thanks to the social security systems"(8-9).
Aug. 12, 2021, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The proportion of unwaged family contributing women reaches 46% of all women's labor in Morocco... and 23% in Palestine" (9).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"In 2004, the annual value of thus defined female unpaid household labour amounted to PLN 174,794 million, which accounted for ca. 19 per cent of the gross domestic product" (51).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"If Italian women might reach the same rate of men (70.5%), it would be significantly beneficial to the Italian economy so that its GDP would achieve 17%, corresponding to 260 billion Euros" (61).
March 25, 2021, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Data suggests that Albanian women spend almost a quarter of their day doing unpaid work such as cooking, cleaning, and caring. Men on the other hand do just 3.47%. This equates to Albanian women working 40 hours a month, almost a full working week, for free." (para 7-8).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"And Ms. Hojo, like many women in Japan, cannot accept a full-time job even after Mr. Abe pushed through a law intended to ease Japan’s brutal work culture. Because she shoulders the bulk of housework and child care, the hours at work would be too demanding. 'If there are talented, competent women who get married or have children, their career paths are derailed,' Ms. Hojo said" (para 4-5). "Ms. Hojo, the accountant, said she viewed her destiny as extending beyond motherhood. 'I still have ambition,' she said. When she returned to work after staying home with her newborn daughter for two years, she took a part-time job at the medical...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

In the graph titled 'Rising number of Stay-at-Home Dads,' the number of fathers living with child(ren) younger than 18 who do not work outside the home increased from 1.1 million in 1989 to 2 million in 2012 (para 1). In the table titled 'Growth in Stay-at-Home Fathers Driven by those caring for Family and Those Unable to Find Work,' in 1989, the reasons given by stay-at-home fathers who are not working was 5% caring for home/family, 15% due to being unable to find work, 56% for bieng ill or disabled and 25% for being in school, retired or other. In 2012, the reason was 21% caring for home/family, 23% due...more
Aug. 13, 2020, 9:03 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Between the disproportionate amount of unpaid labor women in Japan do — four times more than their male counterparts — and negative attitudes about women in leadership, progress to address the country’s gender imbalance has been slow" (para. 6).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The share of women as unpaid family workers decreased to 6 per cent in 2014 from 24.5 per cent in 2009 at similar rates as men (5 per cent and 22 per cent respectively)" (42).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"In Cabo Verde, in light of gender roles and stereotypes, women are assigned almost exclusive responsibility for domestic work, education of children and family care: on average people dedicate almost 1/3 of their weekly time to unpaid work, 63 hours a week on average for women and 38 for men, a difference of about 24 hours a week on average. Poor women have a higher unpaid work load, up to 10 hours a week on average, for women with low educational level" (22).
April 22, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

Table no. 28 presents the structure of persons in employment by employment status for 2013-2014. For 2013, 4,7% of the total population in employment were working as unpaid family workers, regarding women, it was 8,9% and for men it was 2,2%. For 2014, 4% of the total population in employment were working as unpaid family workers, regarding women, it was 7,9% and for men it was 1,7% (22).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Housework is not officially recognized, and national statistics consider homemakers inactive members of the labor force" (17).
Oct. 27, 2018, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"In Nampula, the province where Miss Nelmane lives, 60 per cent of teenage girls will get pregnant before they are 19, and a similar proportion will be married by that age. Most will drop out of school and preclude themselves from ever joining the formal workplace" (para 13).
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"India has one of the world’s largest gender gaps in unpaid care work. In November 2015, the McKinsey Global Institute found that women in India do 10 times as much unpaid care work than men, far above the global average of three times" (para 9).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

“Women are also three times as likely as men to report having left their job because of caregiving responsibilities (6 percent compared with 2 percent respectively, according to a 2013 AARP survey of people aged 45 to 74)” (92)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4, MULV-DATA-1

“women are nine times as likely as men to work part-time for family care reasons” (92)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3, MULV-DATA-1

“The large majority of mothers are in the workforce, including 62 percent of mothers who gave birth within the last 12 months” (95)
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The Committee welcomes the initiatives taken by the State party to develop a social protection floor, but is concerned that women living in poverty in rural and urban areas, in particular those working in the informal sector, lack access to social security" (page 12).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MULV-DATA-1, CL-PRACTICE-1, DLB-DATA-1

"In 2014 the second national survey on time use was conducted. It showed that women’s unpaid workload is twice that of men. True, men are gainfully employed for more hours than women, but when unpaid work is factored in, women have an overall weekly workload that is significantly greater. Sixty-six per cent of women’s labour is unpaid work, while among men it is only 33 per cent of their work (Figures 12 to 14)" (page 40).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4, MULV-DATA-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about...The excessive use of consecutive short-term employment contracts for, in particular, younger female workers, which undermines their job security in case of pregnancy" (10).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"Currently, women in Kenya do the vast majority of agricultural work and produce/market the majority of food. Only 29 per cent of those earning a formal wage throughout the country are women, leaving a huge percentage of women to work in the informal sector without any federal support" (28).