The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MURDER-LAW-1

June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Though the term femicide—instances of women killed by men on account of their gender—wasn’t included in Spanish dictionaries until 2014, violence against women came into brutal focus with the murder of Ana Orantes in 1997, a woman from Granada who shocked the public, first when she spoke on an evening TV program about the abuse she suffered at her ex-husband’s hands for 40 years, and 13 days later, when her ex set her ablaze. Newspapers began tracking gender-based murders around 2000. In 2003, the government created its own registry, logging the number of women killed by partners or former partners. An independent study that includes femicides committed by men with...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1, MURDER-DATA-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law against gender violence stipulates stiff penalties for harassment and both physical and emotional abuse. The law states that sentencing for femicide is a mandatory 25 to 30 years in prison. Officials and civil society organizations agreed that domestic violence continued to be a serious crime. The PNP Specialized Unit for Domestic and Gender Violence created in 2018 continued to have 190 agents trained to work these cases. In June, Roberto Moreno Grajales was convicted and sentenced to 30 years prison for the 2016 killing of his former girlfriend, Diosila Martinez. He had originally fled to Costa Rica after the killing but was extradited in 2018 to Panama" (12).more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The penal code also requires all individuals to pay diya to victims’ families in cases where accidents or crimes caused the death of another person, and media reported multiple cases of courts imposing this punishment. Diya was granted by the judge in criminal cases at the time of sentencing. Standard diya for the death of a man was 200,000 AED ($54,500) and 100,000 AED ($27,225) for the death of a woman. In some cases, sharia courts imposed more severe penalties during the month of Ramadan" (11).
March 19, 2022, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"'The authorities often hesitate to investigate or prosecute cases involving trial by ordeal, due to the perceived cultural dimensions of the practices (female genital mutilation, forced initiation into secret societies, accusations of witchcraft, trials by ordeal and ritualistic killing). As a result, criminal offenses committed during trial by ordeal go unpunished. This has generated a widespread culture of impunity among traditional actors,' the report says" (para 9).
March 19, 2022, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"One of the most violent countries for women, Bolivia has had a law since 2013 that punishes femicide with 30 years imprisonment without the right to pardon." (ppara16).
March 19, 2022, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – The president of Costa Rica, Carlos Alvarado, signed this Monday (23) a law that extends the punishment for the crime of femicide with up to 35 years in prison against men who take advantage of their bond of friendship or trust to murder a woman. Authorities indicated that this law settles a historical debt with women since it does justice with the victim’s families and faces impunity. Previously, if there was no relationship with the victim, it was not typified as femicide and the prison sentence was lower" (para 1,2). “'The signing of this law expands and strengthens the legal tools to punish the different...more
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law defines femicide as the killing of a woman or girl based on expectations, assumptions, or factors distinctive to her gender. The minimum sentence for femicide is 20 years, and 30 years when the crime includes aggravating circumstances (e.g., crimes against minor, elderly, or pregnant victims). Enforcement of these laws was often ineffective" (13).
March 9, 2022, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Mr. Moshe, now her ex-husband, is in prison, convicted in August of attempted murder. He is awaiting a hearing on his sentencing and could spend 20 years or more in prison" (Para. 23). "Ms. Isakov and her lawyer turned to a concerned member of Parliament, Oded Forer, who had visited her in the hospital as a member of the parliamentary committee on the Status of Women and Gender Equality and is now the minister of agriculture. Within months the government amended the law so as to automatically cancel the legal guardianship rights of a parent charged with the murder or attempted murder of the other parent or the sexual assault...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"...By law femicide is punishable with penalties of 21 to 50 years in prison, longer than the minimum sentence of 13 years for homicide" (24). "The law augments both imprisonment and fines if a crime causes 'transitory or permanent physical disfigurement,' such as acid attacks, which have a penalty of up to 50 years in prison" (25).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"If an act of domestic violence causes death, the law prescribes life imprisonment" (14).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1, MURDER-DATA-2

"Femicide remained a serious problem. A 2016 law criminalizes femicide and mandates a sentence of between 10 and 30 years in prison upon conviction. As of October 1, the Observatory of Women’s Affairs within the Ministry of Women’s Affairs reported 25 cases of femicide, a significantly lower number than the previous year’s total of 59 cases. July was the first month since the enactment of the law against femicide with no reported cases of femicide" (13-14).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"A 2010 Supreme Court ruling makes it mandatory for all trial courts to charge defendants in dowry-death cases with murder" (45).
Jan. 7, 2022, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"No, a woman who survived an attempted killing is not able to successfully press charges. 'While both sharia and customary law address the resolution of family disputes, women were not included in the decision-making process'" (31).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Honor-related violence is treated as regular violence for the purposes of prosecution and does not constitute a separate offense category. Laws against violence were enforced effectively in honor-related violence cases, and victims were permitted to enter a specialized shelter" (12).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law precludes 'family honor' as protection for perpetrators in 'honor killing' crimes. In 2018 the PA amended the law to prohibit the practice of judges giving lighter sentences for crimes against women and children versus crimes against men" (95).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"According to the amendment, men who kill their partners after abusing them are to be charged with 'murder under aggravated circumstances' with a sentence of life imprisonment" (33).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Two sentences in March in cases of violence against women were considered too lenient because they were based on crimes of passion. In Bologna the court of appeal reduced a sentence from 30 years to 16 because the person convicted appeared to have acted in 'strong emotional and passionate turmoil.' In a second case, magistrates in Genoa also reduced from 30 years to 16 the sentence for a man who killed his wife because they considered he had a 'strong sense of anger, disappointment, and resentment'" (14). Leniency in cases of crimes of passion may not protect women (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of honor killings may receive life imprisonment, but NGOs reported that courts often reduced actual sentences due to mitigating factors. The law allows judges, when establishing sentences, to take into account anger or passion caused by the 'misbehavior' of the victim" (54).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"There were reports that state actors ordered or took part in targeted attacks on civil society activists and journalists in connection with their work, which in some cases resulted in death. For example, on February 11, the Prosecutor General’s Office arrested and charged the head of the Kherson regional legislature, Vladyslav Manger, with organizing the 2018 fatal acid attack on public activist and advisor to the Kherson city mayor Kateryna Handziuk. The same day the Prosecutor General’s Office announced that it was investigating the deputy governor of Kherson Oblast, Yevhen Ryshchuk, for involvement in Handziuk’s killing. In March investigative reporters at Slidstvo.info published allegations by one of the men who...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes 'honor killings' as murder and provides penalties that include life in prison. The government enforced the law effectively and financed programs aimed at ending 'honor killings'" (22).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. In addition, the Maria da Penha Law criminalizes physical, psychological, and sexual violence against women, as well as defamation and damage to property or finances by someone with whom the victim has a marriage, family, or intimate relationship. Persons convicted of killing a woman or girl in cases of domestic violence may be sentenced to 12 to 30 years in prison. According to NGOs and public security data, domestic violence was widespread. According to the 13th Public Safety Yearbook released annually by the Brazilian Public Security Forum, there were 66,000 cases of rape in 2018. In cases of femicide,...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:...(b) Criminal Code, which contains provisions regarding crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes and under which...exemptions from criminal liability for the perpetrators of killings committed in the name of so-called 'honour' are abolished, promulgated by presidential decree in 2017" (1-2).
Sept. 15, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Ortega regime, claiming to be concerned about justice to cases where women, female children and girls are murdered, approved a reform to the Political Constitution of Nicargua that established life imprisonment for 'hate crimes.' However, the measure has been criticized by feminists, since they consider that this is not the solution for machista violence. In addition, they have expressed that the reform is actually intended to be used against dissent, since the Ortega regime has repeatedly accused opponents of committing 'hate crimes'" (para 13).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Killing a woman because of the victim’s gender (femicide) is a federal offense punishable by 40 to 60 years in prison"(22).
Sept. 5, 2021, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In the case of Lebanon, there have been several normative and institutional measures adopted to address violence against women in the past few years, including among others...the repeal of article 562 of the Lebanese Criminal Code of 2011. The effect of the repeal is that a person who without premeditation kills or harms a 'spouse, ancestor, descendant or sibling' whom he catches in the act of adultery or fornication, or a partner to the act, no longer benefits from mitigating circumstances. This is an important development to address the impunity that surrounds gender-related killings of women" (para 5).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Family courts handle cases of domestic violence and penalize offenders with fines up to CLP 720,000 ($1,065). Additional sanctions include eviction of the offender from the residence shared with the survivor, restraining orders, confiscation of firearms, and court-ordered counseling. Cases of habitual psychological abuse and physical abuse cases in which there are physical injuries are prosecuted in the criminal justice system. Penalties are based on the gravity of injuries and range from 61 days’ to 15 years’ imprisonment. Murder in the context of domestic violence is defined as femicide in the criminal code, and penalties range from 15 years to life in prison. The government generally enforced the laws against...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Iranian President Hassan Rohani has called for harsher laws to tackle so-called 'honor killings' after the particularly shocking slaying of a teenage girl, allegedly by her father, prompted a nationwide outcry. Rohani on May 27 pushed for the speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently circulated for years among various Iranian decision-making bodies without any tangible results" (para 1-2). "Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle...Although Romina reportedly told police she would be in danger at home and feared for her life, the girl was handed over to her father as required by Iranian laws...Under current...more
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"A lack of legislation that specifically targets and penalises gender-based violence against women, in addition to the prevalence of laws that enable such abuse – such as a law that allows a male kidnapper to marry their victim, or Article 153 that justifies the murder of a woman by her male family member if she was 'caught by surprise' in the act of adultery, plus a discrepancy between the sentences given to men and women for the same crimes, in which men tend to receive lighter sentences – has allowed men, like the man accused of murdering Farah Akbar, to genuinely believe that they can get away with crimes as...more
July 16, 2021, 12:49 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Three years after the Supreme Court issued an order to the government to regulate the sale and distribution of acid, the country finally has new laws to that effect. But the government needs to do more to end acid attacks in the country. On Monday, President Bidya Devi Bhandari authenticated three ordinances—Acid and Other Fatal Chemicals (Regulation) Ordinance 2020, Ordinance to Revise some provisions in Criminal Codes and Criminal Procedure, and Nepal Police and Provincial Police (Operation, Coordination and Supervision) Act" (Para 1-2). "These are huge strides in deterring acid attacks as the new laws regulating the sale of acid and other fatal chemicals require sellers to maintain a database...more
July 8, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"According to Iranian law a man can kill his wife without punishment if he catches her with another man, but the young woman's attempt to leave her husband has led to local media reports citing her as the 'runaway bride'"(para 8).