The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MURDER-LAW-1

Jan. 7, 2022, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"No, a woman who survived an attempted killing is not able to successfully press charges. 'While both sharia and customary law address the resolution of family disputes, women were not included in the decision-making process'" (31).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Honor-related violence is treated as regular violence for the purposes of prosecution and does not constitute a separate offense category. Laws against violence were enforced effectively in honor-related violence cases, and victims were permitted to enter a specialized shelter" (12).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law precludes 'family honor' as protection for perpetrators in 'honor killing' crimes. In 2018 the PA amended the law to prohibit the practice of judges giving lighter sentences for crimes against women and children versus crimes against men" (95).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"According to the amendment, men who kill their partners after abusing them are to be charged with 'murder under aggravated circumstances' with a sentence of life imprisonment" (33).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Two sentences in March in cases of violence against women were considered too lenient because they were based on crimes of passion. In Bologna the court of appeal reduced a sentence from 30 years to 16 because the person convicted appeared to have acted in 'strong emotional and passionate turmoil.' In a second case, magistrates in Genoa also reduced from 30 years to 16 the sentence for a man who killed his wife because they considered he had a 'strong sense of anger, disappointment, and resentment'" (14). Leniency in cases of crimes of passion may not protect women (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of honor killings may receive life imprisonment, but NGOs reported that courts often reduced actual sentences due to mitigating factors. The law allows judges, when establishing sentences, to take into account anger or passion caused by the 'misbehavior' of the victim" (54).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"There were reports that state actors ordered or took part in targeted attacks on civil society activists and journalists in connection with their work, which in some cases resulted in death. For example, on February 11, the Prosecutor General’s Office arrested and charged the head of the Kherson regional legislature, Vladyslav Manger, with organizing the 2018 fatal acid attack on public activist and advisor to the Kherson city mayor Kateryna Handziuk. The same day the Prosecutor General’s Office announced that it was investigating the deputy governor of Kherson Oblast, Yevhen Ryshchuk, for involvement in Handziuk’s killing. In March investigative reporters at Slidstvo.info published allegations by one of the men who...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes 'honor killings' as murder and provides penalties that include life in prison. The government enforced the law effectively and financed programs aimed at ending 'honor killings'" (22).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. In addition, the Maria da Penha Law criminalizes physical, psychological, and sexual violence against women, as well as defamation and damage to property or finances by someone with whom the victim has a marriage, family, or intimate relationship. Persons convicted of killing a woman or girl in cases of domestic violence may be sentenced to 12 to 30 years in prison. According to NGOs and public security data, domestic violence was widespread. According to the 13th Public Safety Yearbook released annually by the Brazilian Public Security Forum, there were 66,000 cases of rape in 2018. In cases of femicide,...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:...(b) Criminal Code, which contains provisions regarding crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes and under which...exemptions from criminal liability for the perpetrators of killings committed in the name of so-called 'honour' are abolished, promulgated by presidential decree in 2017" (1-2).
Sept. 15, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The Ortega regime, claiming to be concerned about justice to cases where women, female children and girls are murdered, approved a reform to the Political Constitution of Nicargua that established life imprisonment for 'hate crimes.' However, the measure has been criticized by feminists, since they consider that this is not the solution for machista violence. In addition, they have expressed that the reform is actually intended to be used against dissent, since the Ortega regime has repeatedly accused opponents of committing 'hate crimes'" (para 13).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Killing a woman because of the victim’s gender (femicide) is a federal offense punishable by 40 to 60 years in prison"(22).
Sept. 5, 2021, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In the case of Lebanon, there have been several normative and institutional measures adopted to address violence against women in the past few years, including among others...the repeal of article 562 of the Lebanese Criminal Code of 2011. The effect of the repeal is that a person who without premeditation kills or harms a 'spouse, ancestor, descendant or sibling' whom he catches in the act of adultery or fornication, or a partner to the act, no longer benefits from mitigating circumstances. This is an important development to address the impunity that surrounds gender-related killings of women" (para 5).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Family courts handle cases of domestic violence and penalize offenders with fines up to CLP 720,000 ($1,065). Additional sanctions include eviction of the offender from the residence shared with the survivor, restraining orders, confiscation of firearms, and court-ordered counseling. Cases of habitual psychological abuse and physical abuse cases in which there are physical injuries are prosecuted in the criminal justice system. Penalties are based on the gravity of injuries and range from 61 days’ to 15 years’ imprisonment. Murder in the context of domestic violence is defined as femicide in the criminal code, and penalties range from 15 years to life in prison. The government generally enforced the laws against...more
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Iranian President Hassan Rohani has called for harsher laws to tackle so-called 'honor killings' after the particularly shocking slaying of a teenage girl, allegedly by her father, prompted a nationwide outcry. Rohani on May 27 pushed for the speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently circulated for years among various Iranian decision-making bodies without any tangible results" (para 1-2). "Local media reported that the teenager was beheaded while she slept by her father, who used a farming sickle...Although Romina reportedly told police she would be in danger at home and feared for her life, the girl was handed over to her father as required by Iranian laws...Under current...more
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"A lack of legislation that specifically targets and penalises gender-based violence against women, in addition to the prevalence of laws that enable such abuse – such as a law that allows a male kidnapper to marry their victim, or Article 153 that justifies the murder of a woman by her male family member if she was 'caught by surprise' in the act of adultery, plus a discrepancy between the sentences given to men and women for the same crimes, in which men tend to receive lighter sentences – has allowed men, like the man accused of murdering Farah Akbar, to genuinely believe that they can get away with crimes as...more
July 16, 2021, 12:49 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Three years after the Supreme Court issued an order to the government to regulate the sale and distribution of acid, the country finally has new laws to that effect. But the government needs to do more to end acid attacks in the country. On Monday, President Bidya Devi Bhandari authenticated three ordinances—Acid and Other Fatal Chemicals (Regulation) Ordinance 2020, Ordinance to Revise some provisions in Criminal Codes and Criminal Procedure, and Nepal Police and Provincial Police (Operation, Coordination and Supervision) Act" (Para 1-2). "These are huge strides in deterring acid attacks as the new laws regulating the sale of acid and other fatal chemicals require sellers to maintain a database...more
July 8, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"According to Iranian law a man can kill his wife without punishment if he catches her with another man, but the young woman's attempt to leave her husband has led to local media reports citing her as the 'runaway bride'"(para 8).
July 7, 2021, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"A husband has been filmed parading his wife's severed head through the streets after decapitating her in India[...]The vile incident took place on Saturday morning and the 30-year-old was arrested near Jahgirabad police station.Police superintendent Arvind Chaturvedi said the accused had been arrested and a case of dowry death filed against him on the complaint of the victim's father"(para 1, 5,6).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"On November 22, the Public Ministry established a special prosecutor for femicide" (p 17). "The law establishes penalties for femicide of 25 to 50 years in prison without the possibility of reducing the sentence; however, femicide remained a significant problem" (p 17).
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In China, there is currently no regulation that specifically outlaws ghost marriages, or even the selling or buying of corpses" (Para 35).
March 13, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1

"In June, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls—launched by the government in 2016 to address endemic levels of violence against Indigenous women and girls—released its final report. The inquiry made 231 recommendations and concluded that acts of violence against Indigenous women and girls amount to 'genocide.' Prime Minister Trudeau vowed that the government will develop a national action plan to 'turn the inquiry’s calls to justice into real, meaningful, Indigenous-led action' (para 7).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"loopholes allow reduced sentences for men for killing a female relative" (para 1). "In November 2020, the UAE also repealed an article in the penal code that allowed men to receive lighter sentences for killing a female relative if they found them in the act of extramarital sex. However, families of the murder victim can waive their right to see the person punished in return for compensation (blood money) or choose to freely pardon them. In such cases, the accused can be subject to a minimum sentence of seven years in prison instead of life. When family members kill a woman, including in so-called “honor” killings, the victim’s family is...more
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, MURDER-LAW-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

“Mexico does have a powerful law in place, the General Law on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence, which was passed in 2007. The law provided sweeping measures to 'prevent, treat, punish, and eradicate violence against women,' defined as including psychological, physical, economic, patrimonial (involving violation of women’s property rights), and sexual violence; it also defined femicide as a hate crime targeting women. But as too many cases have demonstrated, the mandate is not enough” (para 12).
Jan. 1, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Brazil, El Salvador
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Even though 18 Latin American countries -- including Brazil and El Salvador -- have changed their laws to make killing women a crime, the situation continues unabated" (para 5).
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

“President Hassan Rouhani last month urged his cabinet to speed up harsher laws in so-called honour killings. He has pushed for speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently shuttled for years among various decision-making bodies in Iran” (para. 28-29).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

“Though against the law, ‘honour’ killing cases were previously difficult to convict owing to a loophole in the law that allowed perpetrators to walk free if they were given a pardon by the victim’s family member” (para 10). “However, the [honor] crimes now come with a mandated life sentence” (para 11).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

“A 2013 law defined femicide as a specific crime and provided tougher sentences for convicted offenders” (para 4).
Nov. 8, 2020, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has toughened penalties for the killing of women by family members as part of an overhaul of the country's Islamic laws. The UAE's government said it would repeal a law that allowed judges to issue lenient sentences for such killings" (para 1-2). "Such crimes will be treated like murder from now on, the UAE's government said" (para 4). "Imposing stricter sentences for such killings showed the UAE's 'solid commitment to protecting women's rights', the official WAM news agency reported" (para 8).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Women and girls in Bolivia remain at high risk of gender-based violence, despite a 2013 law that sets forth comprehensive measures to prevent and prosecute violence against women. The law created the crime of 'femicide' (the killing of a woman in certain circumstances, including domestic violence) and called for the establishment of shelters for women, as well as special prosecutors and courts for gender-based crimes" (35).