The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MURDER-LAW-1

March 13, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1

"In June, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls—launched by the government in 2016 to address endemic levels of violence against Indigenous women and girls—released its final report. The inquiry made 231 recommendations and concluded that acts of violence against Indigenous women and girls amount to 'genocide.' Prime Minister Trudeau vowed that the government will develop a national action plan to 'turn the inquiry’s calls to justice into real, meaningful, Indigenous-led action' (para 7).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"loopholes allow reduced sentences for men for killing a female relative" (para 1). "In November 2020, the UAE also repealed an article in the penal code that allowed men to receive lighter sentences for killing a female relative if they found them in the act of extramarital sex. However, families of the murder victim can waive their right to see the person punished in return for compensation (blood money) or choose to freely pardon them. In such cases, the accused can be subject to a minimum sentence of seven years in prison instead of life. When family members kill a woman, including in so-called “honor” killings, the victim’s family is...more
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, MURDER-LAW-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

“Mexico does have a powerful law in place, the General Law on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence, which was passed in 2007. The law provided sweeping measures to 'prevent, treat, punish, and eradicate violence against women,' defined as including psychological, physical, economic, patrimonial (involving violation of women’s property rights), and sexual violence; it also defined femicide as a hate crime targeting women. But as too many cases have demonstrated, the mandate is not enough” (para 12).
Jan. 1, 2021, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Brazil, El Salvador
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Even though 18 Latin American countries -- including Brazil and El Salvador -- have changed their laws to make killing women a crime, the situation continues unabated" (para 5).
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

“President Hassan Rouhani last month urged his cabinet to speed up harsher laws in so-called honour killings. He has pushed for speedy adoption of relevant bills, some which have apparently shuttled for years among various decision-making bodies in Iran” (para. 28-29).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

“Though against the law, ‘honour’ killing cases were previously difficult to convict owing to a loophole in the law that allowed perpetrators to walk free if they were given a pardon by the victim’s family member” (para 10). “However, the [honor] crimes now come with a mandated life sentence” (para 11).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

“A 2013 law defined femicide as a specific crime and provided tougher sentences for convicted offenders” (para 4).
Nov. 8, 2020, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has toughened penalties for the killing of women by family members as part of an overhaul of the country's Islamic laws. The UAE's government said it would repeal a law that allowed judges to issue lenient sentences for such killings" (para 1-2). "Such crimes will be treated like murder from now on, the UAE's government said" (para 4). "Imposing stricter sentences for such killings showed the UAE's 'solid commitment to protecting women's rights', the official WAM news agency reported" (para 8).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Women and girls in Bolivia remain at high risk of gender-based violence, despite a 2013 law that sets forth comprehensive measures to prevent and prosecute violence against women. The law created the crime of 'femicide' (the killing of a woman in certain circumstances, including domestic violence) and called for the establishment of shelters for women, as well as special prosecutors and courts for gender-based crimes" (35).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In July, the Supreme Court of Pakistan held that in cases of acid attacks, a mercy petition filed by the victim forgiving the perpetrator cannot be allowed because it constitutes 'extreme cruelty'" (para 17).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Under article 153 of the Kuwaiti penal code, a man who finds his mother, wife, sister, or daughter in the act of adultery (zina) and kills them is given a reduced sentence of either a small fine or a maximum three-year prison sentence" (para 19).
Sept. 20, 2020, 7:10 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MURDER-LAW-1

"PNG imposes the death penalty for serious crimes such as murder…and rape amongst others, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954" (para 2).
Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1

"The penal code allows for a reduced sentence for a man who kills or injures his wife or another female relative because he suspects her of extramarital sexual relations" (para 31).
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Article 334 of the penal code reduces the penalties for perpetrators of so-called honor crimes" (para 21).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Ecuador's criminal code defines femicide as the exercise of power relations resulting in the death of a woman for 'being a woman'" (para 21).
July 31, 2020, 4:52 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Despite a 2009 law setting forth comprehensive measures to prevent and punish violence against women, the unpunished killing of women remains a serious concern. The National Registry of Femicides, administered by the Supreme Court, reported 278 femicides--the murder of women based on their gender-- but only 7 convictions, in 2018" (para 25).
July 31, 2020, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"One million cases of domestic violence were pending before the courts in 2018, including 4,400 femicides, defined under Brazilian law as the killing of women 'on account on being persons of the female sex'" (para 28).
July 15, 2020, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Ashrafi's horror story led to government officials, including the country’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, calling for harsher punishment for perpetrators of honor killings, who currently receive three- to 10-year prison sentences instead of the death penalty that would be otherwise mandatory for homicide. President Hassan Rouhani and other officials emphatically called on the parliament to expedite passing two laws that could help reduce honor killings: the Law to Protect Children and Juveniles, and the Bill to Protect Women" (para 3). "After Ashrafi's death, the parliament passed the Law to Protect Children and Juveniles. The law had been pending for over a decade. The Guardian Council, a 12-member body of clerics...more
July 14, 2020, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In neighbouring Bangladesh, in contrast, acid attacks have decreased since new laws restricted the sale of common chemicals and the death penalty was introduced for attackers. The glacial pace of India's legal system means even when attackers are charged, it can take between five and 10 years for a conviction" (para 10-11).
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"But even if the bills passed, they would not change the punishment for a father killing his child" (para 27).
May 29, 2020, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah announced the introduction of new laws, to be approved by President Mahmoud Abbas, that will prevent men who murder, assault or rape women to evade lengthy prison sentences" (para 2). "government officials decided to amend Article 99 of Penal Code No. 16 of 1960 which grants judges the ability to dramatically reduce sentences if the case has “extenuating circumstances,” including the murder of women on grounds of 'family honor'" (para 6). "'Murdering women is a huge red line regardless of the cause, moment of anger or anything else,' Haifa Al-Agha, the Palestinian Minister of Women Affairs told The Media Line. She explained that modifying Article...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"A 2004 law on honor killings, the 2011 Prevention of Antiwomen Practices Act, and the 2016 Criminal Law Amendment (Offenses in the Name or Pretext of Honor) Act criminalize acts committed against women in the name of traditional practices" (40). "In October 2016 the government passed the anti-honor-killing law, closing the loophole that allowed perpetrators in “honor killings” to go free if the victim’s family pardoned the perpetrator" (40). "The law makes maiming or killing using a corrosive substance a crime and imposes stiff penalties against perpetrators. As with other laws, these measures are not applicable in FATA and PATA unless the president issues a notification to that effect" (41).more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law states that authorities should execute a man if convicted of killing a woman. The penal code, however, allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an “honor” killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived “immodest” or “defiant” behavior" (29).
Jan. 2, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Pakistan’s parliament unanimously passed legislation against killings linked to the concept of 'honour', or 'izzat', following the murder of Qandeel Baloch in 2016… The bill authorised life imprisonment for convicted murderers. Previously, killers could win – or buy – freedom if the victim’s relatives forgave them." (para 11-12).
Dec. 21, 2019, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The violence galvanized the government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to open a $54 million national inquiry three years ago that promised to get at the root causes of the violence... Its findings are to be made public on June 3, and its chief commissioner Marion Buller, a prominent Indigenous judge, recently hinted that it could include, among other things, recommendations that homicides of Indigenous women automatically be treated as first-degree murder. Law enforcement is also expected to be called to account" (para 5,7). The recommendations in this finding are not yet law, but we should keep a watch out for when it could appear in the law because local...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"But instead of facing the harsher penalties meant to stop such [domestic violence and femicide] crimes in Guatemala, Gehovany received only four years in prison, a short sentence even by the country's lenient standard for minors. More than three years later, now 21, he will be released next spring, perhaps sooner" (para 7). "Violence against women in the [Central America] region is so prevalent that 18 countries have passed laws to protect them, create a class of homicide known as femicide, which adds tougher penalties and greater law enforcement attention to the issue" (para 25). "Even defense attorneys believe Gehovany should have been charged with femicide, which would have put...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"It comes as the government announces measures to combat the killing of women related to domestic violence" (para 4). "An investigation has been opened by the local prosecutor's office for femicide, and the women's companion has been arrested. Prime Minister Edouard Philippe on Tuesday launched a summit around the subject which includes community and association representatives, police, judges, lawyers and government ministers" (para 7-8).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address “honor” crimes, which authorities treated as any other crime. There were no reliable statistics regarding the incidence of killings and assaults motivated by “honor,” but local observers stated such killings occurred, particularly in rural areas." (42).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Violence against a woman that causes an injury is punishable by up to five years in prison and a fine of up to 30,000 Guinean francs (GNF) ($3.30). If the injury causes mutilation, amputation, or other loss of body parts, it is punishable by 20 years’ imprisonment; if the victim dies, the crime is punishable by life imprisonment" (p. 16).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-LAW-1

"The law permits judges to reduce legal penalties for murder and assault if the defendant asserts an “honor” defense, which often occurred. The government kept no official statistics on use of this defense in murder and assault cases. There were no officially reported honor killings during the year, but local human rights groups asserted the practice continued, reportedly at previous levels, despite or even because of the continuing violence. NGOs working with refugees reported families killed some rape victims inside the country, including those raped by government forces, for reasons of honor. NGOs also reported the conflict led to a significant rise in honor killings due to the pervasive use...more