The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for PW-PRACTICE-3

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"[T]he Committee is concerned that women and girls are discriminated against in legal provisions with regard to marriage and family relations, in particular the following: (a) Article 86 of the Civil Code and article 91 of the Shia Personal Status Law, under which Sunni and Shia men may marry up to four wives at one time" (16).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"The law codifies the right of men to enter into consensual marriage with additional women without securing the consent of any existing wife" (p 35).
June 25, 2021, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Some men take two wives, or more, but for women, sexuality often remains hidden behind a culture of 'sutura' — a Wolof term suggestive of discretion and modesty"(para 16).
June 17, 2021, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Reclusive Turkmenistan appeared to be cracking down on polygamous relationships on Tuesday, with the parliament issuing new legislation against the practice in the majority-Muslim ex-Soviet republic. Polygamy is already formally banned and punishable by up to two years of corrective labour in ex-Soviet Turkmenistan. But nevertheless it has a degree of social acceptability and was traditionally practised before the Soviet era. A new amendment to the family code passed by parliament and published in the state newspaper Neutral Turkmenistan on Tuesday seemed aimed at clearing up any ambiguity. It stated that polygamy 'refers to cohabitation with two or more women at the same time' and stressed that this was 'not...more
June 16, 2021, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The most recent controversy in Uzbekistan kicked off after Dilbahor Yoqubova, an official in Uzbekistan's justice ministry, accused 'illiterate mullahs' of carrying out unofficial Muslim marriage rites. Yoqubova made the comments on a popular TV talk show, and on the same broadcast professor Dilfuza Rahmatullayeva claimed that a resurgence in 'religious freedom' has resulted in an increase in polygamy in the Muslim majority country. The discussion caused a new outcry about polygamy in a country where the issue has been trending for quite some time. One of the supporters of the women posted on the BBC Uzbek Facebook page: 'In many rural districts of Tashkent region, those illiterate mullahs are...more
May 28, 2021, 9:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia, Thailand
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The legal loophole has also created what Thai children’s rights activist Anchana Heemmina described as the 'big business of cross-border marriage' – Malaysian men crossing into southern Thailand to easily engage in underage or polygamous marriages for which getting approval in Malaysia would be impossible or a very lengthy process. Mohammad Lazim runs one such business, helping arrange cross-border marriages for Malaysian men. He works with more than 50 bridegrooms a year, mainly wanting a second or third wife – but insists never with underage brides. He says that his business is tiny compared with some. 'People come from all over Malaysia to do this,' he said. 'Business is booming:...more
May 26, 2021, 4:28 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Hu made the news this week when he revealed that he has four 'wives,' 14 children, and 16 'intimate female friends,' reported EBC. The 57-year-old crane mogul claims that the secret to keeping four 'wives' happy is 'fairness.' As bigamy is technically illegal in Taiwan, Hu is likely only legally married to one of his supposed spouses. According to Want Weekly, Hu spent NT$400 million (US$13 million) to build an eight-story mansion for his wife, mistresses, and children... Hu claims he keeps each 'wife' happy by granting each their own floor in the manor and allowing them to decorate their section as they please" (para 3-5).
May 24, 2021, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Mainly made up of families who migrated from rural areas in the early 1990s looking for work, Epworth’s girls are often married off to richer men or into polygamy" (para 22).
May 22, 2021, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Thus, according to the results of our research, polygamous families in Russia can be divided into several types: 1. A man with a good financial position, in some cases having a high status in society, which can afford to support several wives and their children, creates a marriage with several wives. In this type, family members are not always practicing Muslims, most often they are ethnic Muslims. There are cases when more affluent men want to take their mistresses as second wives, but this is opposed by their wives. 2. Male migrants, more often coming from CIS countries (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan), less often from Arab countries ( Jordan, Egypt), leaving...more
May 18, 2021, 6:32 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Lynn Myrdal is the manager for Poly Norway, the Norwegian organization for polygamous people. Universitas meet her at Oslo Mekaniske when they had a Poly meetup. Here, poly people can meet similar-minded people and gain more information" (para 25). Although this quote says this is a group for polygamous people, it really is a group for polyamorous people (CM - CODER COMMENT).
May 18, 2021, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Many people think it is inconceivable that polygamy occurs in Norway because it is illegal here, says Bojang to Our Country. Those who enter into a polygamous marriage can avoid Norwegian law by by marrying extrajudicially in a place of worship under the religious laws of one of the religions that allows for polygamy. This means that they then can be legally married to one wife, while they are religiously married to one or more others. Many are afraid to tell that they live in a relationship where the man has several wives. They feel a cultural and social pressure to accept that the man has the right to be...more
May 18, 2021, 12:49 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

Family First NZ is concerned that the government may be turning a ‘blind eye’ to polygamous marriages in New Zealand when assessing entitlements to welfare support. The issue has come to light with a recent serious domestic violence case where the offender is legally married to the victim, with whom he has three New Zealand-born children, as well as a second 'wife' whom he married in a religious ceremony. Family First is concerned that immigrants or refugees who enter New Zealand in existing polygamous marriages are not being held to New Zealand's legal definition of marriage, and that benefit-eligibility rules may be being ignored. This indicates that the government may...more
May 15, 2021, 12:15 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"If a draft of the Criminal Code revised by a parliamentary panel is endorsed by the full House, a polygamous man or a polyandrous woman could get a jail term of up to five years and a fine of Rs 50,000. Removing the existing six grounds for a man to get married for a second time, the revised bill has proposed criminalizing polygamy or polyandry except in the case when one of the couple is already separated and has received his or her share of the ancestral property. Section 175 of the bill has also proposed punishment for a woman if she is found to have married a man knowing...more
May 11, 2021, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Mainly made up of families who migrated from rural areas in the early 1990s looking for work, Epworth’s girls are often married off to richer men or into polygamy" (para 22).
May 3, 2021, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Muna Hamed, 35, a single employee, said she would never accept to be a second wife. 'Those who support multiple marriages use religious justifications to back their opinion. I believe that being single at 30 or 40 or any age is not a good reason to become a second wife. Marriage should be based on love and understanding with the aim of building a home, not breaking another’s,' Hamed said. 'A friend of mine was divorced last year as she did not accept to be called the ‘first wife’ and now she is doing fine with plans to marry her fiance. I think our society exaggerates the (pitiful) condition of...more
May 3, 2021, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Abu Othman, like thousands of Kuwaiti men, has struggled to split his time between two wives living in separate homes amid the Gulf state's strict lockdown to combat the coronavirus... Last week, Kuwait announced a nationwide 'total' lockdown until May 30, suspending all but essential private and public sector activities... Those who break the rules, which also include mandatory use of face masks outside the home, can be fined as much as $16,000 and jailed for up to three months. But in response to appeals by scores of polygamists like Abu Othman to ease their restrictions on movement, the Kuwaiti authorities on Sunday introduced electronic permits to men married to...more
April 30, 2021, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"During a recently aired episode of the popular American television court program – Divorce Court, a 26-year-old man by the name of Korin Taylor made some surprising statements that have seemingly infuriated many Jamaicans. During the episode, Judge Lynn Toler asks Korin: 'Did you really tell her you wanted two girlfriends?' Korin then responds saying: 'She knew where my family come from. My family comes from Jamaica…they have about seven wives….seven wives, seven girlfriends….as long as they take care of each other…it’s ok.' Scores of individuals have since used social media to voice their opinions on Korin’s statements. Suzanne Simpson writes: 'Which Jamaica is he from? Cause that ain’t happening...more
April 30, 2021, 4:48 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"He explained, however, that there are specific circumstances in which a man can have more than one wife in a religious context, without encroaching on Jamaican civil laws against polygamy. 'When an Islamic man marries based on civil law, he would be granted a civil certificate, and he would also be performing the religious ceremony that goes with it as well. So he will also get a certificate that states that he is married in accordance with Islamic laws, as well as in accordance with the law of the land,' Maknoon explained. 'If he decides to marry a second wife, he would only be able to marry her in accordance...more
April 30, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"When a religious leader in Kyrgyzstan broadcast he had married a second wife, and told other men to follow suit, it's no surprise there was mixed reaction on social media. Chubak aji Jalilov revealed in a video, posted by Nasaat Media on YouTube, 'I have not divorced from my first wife. She is a little bit angry now.' Jalilov claims he is not hiding his second marriage from anyone. His second wife is a 30-year-old widow with a child who lived in Turkey and he is encouraging other men to take a second wife. Why is the former mufti - Muslim legal expert - giving this advice? He blames the...more
April 30, 2021, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Such polygamy victims are becoming more and more in our country. And despite the criminal liability for polygamy, no man in Kyrgyzstan has been punished for this criminal act. It is very difficult to prove polygamy in court (repeated marriages, of course, are not registered, and are covered by religious canons), and women themselves do not write applications, being from a heavy economic and / or psychological dependence on polygamous husbands" (para 6).
April 29, 2021, 4:26 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"A female journalist in Kyrgyzstan, Nazira Begim, has asked Kyrgyz President Sooronbai Jeenbekov to legalize polygamy. She posted her letter to the President of Kyrgyzstan on her Facebook page late last year, amid debates on the religious leader Chubak aji Jalilov's YouTube video post about marrying a second wife. 'The reason for writing the letter to the president was to protect women's rights,' says the journalist. Nazira Begim believes that there has always been polygamy in Kyrgyz society. 'During the Soviet era, having two or more wives was banned. But it completely contradicts our culture and mentality,' says the journalist, who also fights for women's rights. 'Men had raised this...more
April 29, 2021, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Shynar-apai, a housewife that is 57-year-old lives beyond your southern Kazakh town of Shymkent, claims she does not mind polygamous marriages 'one bit.' Shynar-apai stocks a sizeable home, five young ones, and two other women to her husband — her spouse’s younger spouses... She says as they treat all wives equally and are able to provide financial support for all of [them]... 'All [call] us, the 3 wives, ‘mother.’ We head to places together and simply take turns in doing housework.'... Shynar-apai claims she prefers males that are freely polygamous to those people who have affairs and lie about them. These mistresses are said by her and kids 'have no...more
April 29, 2021, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Kazakhstan’s parliament has twice debated the legalization of polygamy. In 2001, the legislature discussed proposals to amend the constitution to enable males to formally register their tokals as appropriate partners. Polygamy supporters argued that such legislation would acknowledge a commonly accepted training, however the proposition had been however refused. A bill on 'Marriage and Family' trying to legalize polygamous marriages returned to parliament in 2008. But yet again it neglected to pass after coming under strong critique from feminine lawmakers, particularly Bakhyt Syzdykova, a deputy that is young female’s liberties activist. 'If you’d like to legalize polygamy then you definitely would also need to legalize polyandrous marriages — ladies having...more
April 29, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Sholpan, 54, (not her real name) has known for the last six years that her husband has someone else in his life. This woman is not just a mistress; she has the status of a tokal, or unofficial wife. Sholpans’s hopes that the relationship would fizzle out have come to nothing. The tokal, who is just a few years older than their daughter, now frequently replaces her at social and business events... 'I could have ended [my marriage] but I don’t want my child, our friends and relatives to know that I chose to give in,' Sholpan said. 'My daughter said she just wanted to leave the country after she...more
April 26, 2021, 7:18 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy in the Bedouin sector is different from conventional perceptions of polygamy. When people think of polygamy, they assume it is a man in a big house living with multiple wives simultaneously. In Bedouin communities, a man will get married, have children, and then decide to take another wife. He will leave the first wife and children and move in with the second wife, leaving the first wife to fend for herself with no means of supporting herself and her children. The first wife cannot get divorced due to cultural shame, nor can she remarry. The first wife must remain available in case the man decides to return to her....more
April 26, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"Itach Ma’aki’s Beersheba branch focuses on assisting Bedouin women who are victims of domestic violence. According to Abu Shareb, 99% of women who arrive at the organization’s shelter are in a polygamous relationship" (para 7).
April 26, 2021, 6:46 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Although polygamy is prohibited under Germany's Civil Code, and punishable under Germany's Penal Code, German authorities have long tolerated — and even encouraged — the practice. In September 2012, for instance, Die Welt reported that at least 30% of the Arab-born men living in the Neukölln district of Berlin are married to two women: one according to civil law, and another according to Sharia law. Die Welt offered five reasons why polygamy, despite being illegal, has been established in Germany: 'First, Sharia authorizes men to marry up to four women. Second, in the anonymity of modern society and the diversity of partner relationships, coexistence with several women or families can...more
April 26, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Despite Germany's ban on polygamy, German authorities allowed Ahmed to bring to Germany his second wife, the mother of four of his children. Critics of the move said that German authorities had created a precedent for other refugees to demand the same" (para 24).
March 24, 2021, 12:05 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus, Israel
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Bigamy is a surprisingly easy crime to commit. A person married in Israel can, without difficulty, get married to somebody else in Cyprus" (para 2).
March 23, 2021, 11:32 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"I know men who have been married 20 years (or longer) and have kept the same mistress all the while. Polygamy without the papers I like to call it. In many cases, there’s little care taken to hide it – friends, family, colleagues are all hip to the scenario" (para 8). There are multiple other blogposts online that relate that it is common for Cuban men to have mistresses. In some cases, this could be viewed as informal polygamy (CM - CODER COMMENT).