The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In December the Supreme Court overturned the Prague Municipal Court’s 2017 decision that a female Muslim student could not wear a hijab to a secondary medical school. The court stated religious pluralism must be respected" (24).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sichuan police arrested a prominent female blogger for violating the Heroes and Martyrs Law because in one of her videos she paired a red scarf, 'which symbolized the revolutionary tradition,' with an 'inappropriately short' skirt. On March 28, the court sentenced the blogger, identified in court documents only by her last name 'Tang,' to 12 days’ incarceration, a fine, and removal of her videos" (40). "Outside the internment camps, the government implemented severe restrictions on, expressions of minorities’ culture, language, and religious identity, including regulations prohibiting behaviors the government considered signs of 'extremism' such as growing 'abnormal' beards, wearing of veils in public places, and suddenly stopping smoking and drinking...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Women...more
Aug. 3, 2021, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Conservative clerics, such as Indonesia’s vice president, Ma’ruf Amin, have gained a more prominent role in public life. And local governments have enacted more than 600 measures imposing elements of Shariah, or Islamic law, including requiring women to wear hijabs — a catchall for head scarves — to hide their hair" (para 8). "Concern that the niqab is associated with terrorism prompted Indonesia’s religious affairs minister, Fachrul Razi, a former army general, to call for a ban on employees’ and visitors’ wearing niqabs in government buildings. He fears that some government workers are being attracted to extremist thought and sees the niqab as a sign of radicalization. His regulation has...more
July 27, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Ultra-conservative Saudi Arabia has some of the world's toughest restrictions on women, who are required to wear the typically all-black garment in public. Powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said in March that wearing the robe was not mandatory in Islam, but in practice nothing changed and no formal edict to that effect was issued, meaning many women still feel forced to wear the garment" (para 3-4). "In an interview to CBS Television in March, the crown prince said: 'The laws are very clear and stipulated in the laws of Sharia: that women wear decent, respectful clothing, like men.' But, he added, this 'does not particularly specify a black abaya....more
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In March, the director of the Khartoum state police, Lieutenant General Eisa Ismail, came under fire after calling for the Public Order Law - in place under deposed President Omar al-Bashir - to be reinstated in order 'to combat crime'. The law, repealed in late 2019, notably forbade women from wearing trousers, dancing, or mixing with men outside of their family" (Para 8).
July 14, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Denmark, France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"France and Denmark have also banned facial coverings, citing efforts to uphold secular values and combat discrimination against women" (para 9).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"State targeting of these individuals for exercising fundamental freedoms also continues, including Yasaman Aryani, Monireh Arabshahi and Mojgan Keshavarz, who are imprisoned for protesting against compulsory veiling laws on International Women’s Day 2019" (para 12).
July 9, 2021, 10:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"While fulfilling her high-ranking sports role abroad, which is similar to a senior referee, Iranian law dictates that Ms Bayat must continue to don the headdress in public"(para 8).
July 8, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Islamic dress code, in place since the 1979 revolution, considers veiling obligatory for any woman older than 13 in Iran. Offenders face fines, whipping or a prison sentence"(para 18,19).
June 30, 2021, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Syrians have been pictured celebrating after they were liberated from ISIS rule in a northern stronghold in the country. A woman was seen smiling in Manbij as she burned a niqab she was forced to wear by the Islamic State regime while another man could not stop beaming as he had his beard cut" (para 1-2). "[T]he SDF released a video today where soldiers toured an ISIS 'religious police' headquarters where women were tortured with poles and chains if they were spotted without their faces covered" (para 15).
June 29, 2021, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The March 7 vote could lead to a ban on full face coverings such as the burqas and niqabs worn by some Muslim women" (para 2). "Two Swiss cantons, St Gallen and Ticino, have already banned full face coverings in regional votes " (para 3). "Switzerland's proposal also forbids forcing somebody to wear a facial covering based on their gender" (para 8).
June 26, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Less than a month after voters in Switzerland supported a ban on the burqa and niqab, its neighboring nation, France, has taken a more severe stance against 'religious' clothing and symbols with its move to outlaw the hijab on women under the age of 18 in public places. On March 30, the French senate voted in favor of the 'rohibition in the public space of any conspicuous religious sign by minors and of any dress or clothing which would signify an interiorization of women over men.' In addition, hijabi mothers would be prohibited from accompanying school field trips and burkinis would be banned at public swimming pools. These laws, which...more
June 25, 2021, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A top Egyptian court has ruled in favour of banning female academic staff at Cairo University from wearing the Muslim face veil, saying it impedes interaction with students. The decision taken by the Supreme Administrative Court last week to ban staff from wearing the niqab was confirmed by lawyer Ahmed Mahran today" (para 1-2). "The [niqab] ban [for teachers] was introduced in 2015 by a previous head of Cairo University, two years after the 2013 military ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Mahran said the decision was issued for 'political reasons' at the time. 'But it never came into effect. I do not expect it to be applied now,' he...more
June 25, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Under the hardline group’s [Taliban] interpretation of Islam, women and girls were banned from public life, including going to school and working, and had to wear a full-body burqa when venturing outside" (para 6).
June 7, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Sudan repealed a law that allowed women to be flogged for wearing trousers in 2019, but there have still been reports of people being lashed at some courts" (para 7).
March 13, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In June, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls—launched by the government in 2016 to address endemic levels of violence against Indigenous women and girls—released its final report. The inquiry made 231 recommendations
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Some rebel women have started to shun the obligatory abaya when they leave the house in a bold push for social liberties by young Saudis” (para 1). “The abaya, which has existed for thousands of years but only became obligatory in recent decades, is also mandatory for non-Muslim women in the kingdom” (para 15).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“They are each made up of six women who have the power to arrest and detain those they deem to be flouting the country’s strict veiling laws” (para 3).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“More and more women are said to be pushing back against the country's strict dress codes as they test the response of the ruling Shiite Muslim clergy and their security agencies” (para 2). “With every step, she risks harassment or even arrest by Iran's morality police whose job is to enforce the strict dress code imposed after the 1979 Islamic Revolution” (para 6). “The hijab controversy goes back to the mid-1930s when police forced women to take off their hijabs, part of a Westernization policy by then-Shah Reza Pahlavi. Under his son and successor, women could choose. Western apparel was common among the elite” (para 29-30). “Amnesty International said on...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“A German state has banned the use of burqas in school, saying that the full-face Islamic covering does not belong in a free society. Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany announced the ban on Tuesday. The state has already banned the use of such coverings for teachers. State Premier Winfried Kretschmann said that it was rare for school girls to wear burqas but that a ban was required for the exceptional cases. The new rule will apply to girls attending primary and secondary schools in the state” (para. 1-4). “Each German state has its own education ministry, and the 16 states have differing laws on headscarves in schools” (para. 15). “In 2015,...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Australia, Denmark, France, Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Germany's neighbouring countries including The Netherlands, France, Austria and Denmark have introduced a so-called 'burqa ban' to varying degrees” (para. 17).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Austrian lawmakers have approved plans to ban girls in primary schools from wearing headscarves, a move that would add to existing restrictions on veils. Members of the governing coalition of Chancellor Sebastian Kurz's conservative People's Party and the anti-migration Freedom Party supported the measure...The parties who proposed it openly admitted that the measure is 'specifically targeted at Muslim girls'" (para 1-2, 4). "The new headscarf ban will affect people of all religions" (para 6). "The measure bans wearing 'ideologically or religiously characterized clothing' that covers the head, and specifies that it refers to items 'that cover the whole or large parts of the hair.' Mr Kurz’s government introduced a ban...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

“To many critics, the erasure of the three little girls from the textbook highlighted more than four decades of state-imposed discrimination against women, including discriminatory laws that give women less rights in areas such as child custody and divorce and force them to cover their hair and body in public” (para. 11).
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Wearing a hijab has been compulsory for women in Iran since the Islamic revolution in 1979, a rule which is enforced by the state's morality police" (para 4). "The US-based activist started an anti-headscarf campaign - White Wednesdays - encouraging women to post photographs of themselves without headscarves online as a way of opposing the compulsory hijab. As part of the movement, women have been risking arrest by walking in public and sharing videos online of the harassment they receive from men, using the hashtag #MyCameraIsMyWeapon" (para 11-12).
Dec. 29, 2020, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

“A German court has overturned a school's niqab ban after a 16-year-old girl was told she had to show her face to teachers. The ruling on Monday…cannot be appealed…The teenager…has 'a right to unconditional protection of her freedom of belief' the statement added” (para 1, 2, 5). “The state parliament in…Schleswig-Holstein failed to pass a ban on full-face veils in its universities and colleges on Monday, after the Green Party voted against it… Each German state has its own education ministry, and the 16 states have differing laws on headscarves in schools” (para 10, 12). “In 2015, Germany's Constitutional Court overturned a blanket ban on teachers wearing [niqab]…ruling that it...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Wearing a hijab has been compulsory for women in Iran since the Islamic revolution in 1979, a rule which is enforced by the state's morality police" (para 4). "The US-based activist started an anti-headscarf campaign - White Wednesdays - encouraging women to post photographs of themselves without headscarves online as a way of opposing the compulsory hijab" (para 11).
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In June, 195 of the conservative-dominated parliament's 290 MPs wrote to President Rouhani asking him to enforce the dress code law, denouncing what they called a Western cultural invasion'" (para 7). "In October he asked police to be moderate when enforcing the requirement for women to wear the hijab -- a veil covering the neck and hair. Under Islamic law in force in Iran since the 1979 revolution, women must wear loose clothing and a hijab. But recent years have seen many wear a thin veil that hardly covers the hair, tight clothing or coats reaching mid-thigh instead of the long coat or chador" (para 9-11). He refers to President...more
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“A young woman has been arrested in central Iran for ‘insulting the Islamic hijab’, after a video appeared to show her cycling without a veil” (para 1). “‘A person who had recently violated norms and insulted the Islamic veil in this region has been arrested,’ Mojataba Raei, governor of Najafabad, told IRNA news agency” (para 2). “Under Islamic law in force in Iran since its 1979 revolution, women must wear a hijab that covers the head and neck and that conceals their hair” (para 6).
Dec. 5, 2020, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Wearing a headscarf and covering all parts of the body was made mandatory for women in Iran soon after the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979. Women who leave part of their hair uncovered in public are regularly targeted by Iran’s morality police, known as Gasht-e Ershad” (para 5-6).