The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-1

Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Taliban has ordered all Afghan women to wear the head-to-toe burka in public." (19)
July 5, 2022, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The same organization successfully challenged another Education and Culture Ministry regulation in February 2021 that permitted schoolgirls and female teachers to freely choose their clothes. In May 2021, the Supreme Court ruled that Muslim girls from grades 1 to 12 in state schools have no right to choose — they must wear a jilbab (an article of Muslim apparel, widely known as hijab in English, that covers the head, neck, and chest)" (Para. 11).
July 5, 2022, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The same organization successfully challenged another Education and Culture Ministry regulation in February 2021 that permitted schoolgirls and female teachers to freely choose their clothes. In May 2021, the Supreme Court ruled that Muslim girls from grades 1 to 12 in state schools have no right to choose — they must wear a jilbab (an article of Muslim apparel, widely known as hijab in English, that covers the head, neck, and chest)" (Para. 11).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"[There are] 421 regional laws and policies that discriminate against women, including the mandatory jilbab regulations" (4). "[T]he Committee recommends that the State party:... Amend or repeal, within a clear time frame, all discriminatory by-laws and policies, including provisions containing mandatory jilbab regulations" (4).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"By law wearing clothing deemed inappropriate for one’s sex is a punishable offense. The government deported foreign residents and referred the cases of individuals who wore clothing deemed inappropriate to the public prosecutor" (33).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Their fears are grounded in the horrors unfolding across the country. In many districts captured by the Taliban, new rules have already been imposed, including restrictions on women’s movement. Women are not allowed to leave the house unless in the company of a male guardian and fully covered in the traditional burqa" (para 11).
March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"[W]hile Iran’s leadership does support the hijab rule, Hojjatoleslam Behnam Delrish, the secretary of the headquarters for the group that enforces such rulings, condemned the attack. 'Yesterday’s behavior is the wrong behavior,' he told Ilna"(para 4).
March 19, 2022, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Also, drama makers have been warned that men should not be shown serving women tea in scenes involving a workplace, while women must not wear leather gloves. According to IranWire, government officials have issued the new guidelines to broadcasters and film makers following a recent audit"(para 2,3).
March 3, 2022, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Religious police in Aceh have been known to target Muslim women without head scarves or those wearing tight clothes, and people drinking alcohol or gambling" (Para. 18).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Women are legally told to abide by Islamic traditions of clothing. There is an open translation on the covering of women and men in Islam" (1).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Discrimination against women who wear a headscarf was common in the labor market. The law also prohibits the wearing of a full-face veil (niqab) in public places. Authorities may punish persons who discriminate on the basis of ethnic origin with a fine of up to 137.50 euros ($150) and a jail sentence of up to seven days..." (12).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In December the Supreme Court overturned the Prague Municipal Court’s 2017 decision that a female Muslim student could not wear a hijab to a secondary medical school. The court stated religious pluralism must be respected" (24).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sichuan police arrested a prominent female blogger for violating the Heroes and Martyrs Law because in one of her videos she paired a red scarf, 'which symbolized the revolutionary tradition,' with an 'inappropriately short' skirt. On March 28, the court sentenced the blogger, identified in court documents only by her last name 'Tang,' to 12 days’ incarceration, a fine, and removal of her videos" (40). "Outside the internment camps, the government implemented severe restrictions on, expressions of minorities’ culture, language, and religious identity, including regulations prohibiting behaviors the government considered signs of 'extremism' such as growing 'abnormal' beards, wearing of veils in public places, and suddenly stopping smoking and drinking...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Women...more
Aug. 3, 2021, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Conservative clerics, such as Indonesia’s vice president, Ma’ruf Amin, have gained a more prominent role in public life. And local governments have enacted more than 600 measures imposing elements of Shariah, or Islamic law, including requiring women to wear hijabs — a catchall for head scarves — to hide their hair" (para 8). "Concern that the niqab is associated with terrorism prompted Indonesia’s religious affairs minister, Fachrul Razi, a former army general, to call for a ban on employees’ and visitors’ wearing niqabs in government buildings. He fears that some government workers are being attracted to extremist thought and sees the niqab as a sign of radicalization. His regulation has...more
July 27, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Ultra-conservative Saudi Arabia has some of the world's toughest restrictions on women, who are required to wear the typically all-black garment in public. Powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said in March that wearing the robe was not mandatory in Islam, but in practice nothing changed and no formal edict to that effect was issued, meaning many women still feel forced to wear the garment" (para 3-4). "In an interview to CBS Television in March, the crown prince said: 'The laws are very clear and stipulated in the laws of Sharia: that women wear decent, respectful clothing, like men.' But, he added, this 'does not particularly specify a black abaya....more
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In March, the director of the Khartoum state police, Lieutenant General Eisa Ismail, came under fire after calling for the Public Order Law - in place under deposed President Omar al-Bashir - to be reinstated in order 'to combat crime'. The law, repealed in late 2019, notably forbade women from wearing trousers, dancing, or mixing with men outside of their family" (Para 8).
July 14, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Denmark, France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"France and Denmark have also banned facial coverings, citing efforts to uphold secular values and combat discrimination against women" (para 9).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"State targeting of these individuals for exercising fundamental freedoms also continues, including Yasaman Aryani, Monireh Arabshahi and Mojgan Keshavarz, who are imprisoned for protesting against compulsory veiling laws on International Women’s Day 2019" (para 12).
July 9, 2021, 10:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"While fulfilling her high-ranking sports role abroad, which is similar to a senior referee, Iranian law dictates that Ms Bayat must continue to don the headdress in public"(para 8).
July 8, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The Islamic dress code, in place since the 1979 revolution, considers veiling obligatory for any woman older than 13 in Iran. Offenders face fines, whipping or a prison sentence"(para 18,19).
June 30, 2021, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Syrians have been pictured celebrating after they were liberated from ISIS rule in a northern stronghold in the country. A woman was seen smiling in Manbij as she burned a niqab she was forced to wear by the Islamic State regime while another man could not stop beaming as he had his beard cut" (para 1-2). "[T]he SDF released a video today where soldiers toured an ISIS 'religious police' headquarters where women were tortured with poles and chains if they were spotted without their faces covered" (para 15).
June 29, 2021, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"The March 7 vote could lead to a ban on full face coverings such as the burqas and niqabs worn by some Muslim women" (para 2). "Two Swiss cantons, St Gallen and Ticino, have already banned full face coverings in regional votes " (para 3). "Switzerland's proposal also forbids forcing somebody to wear a facial covering based on their gender" (para 8).
June 26, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Less than a month after voters in Switzerland supported a ban on the burqa and niqab, its neighboring nation, France, has taken a more severe stance against 'religious' clothing and symbols with its move to outlaw the hijab on women under the age of 18 in public places. On March 30, the French senate voted in favor of the 'rohibition in the public space of any conspicuous religious sign by minors and of any dress or clothing which would signify an interiorization of women over men.' In addition, hijabi mothers would be prohibited from accompanying school field trips and burkinis would be banned at public swimming pools. These laws, which...more
June 25, 2021, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"A top Egyptian court has ruled in favour of banning female academic staff at Cairo University from wearing the Muslim face veil, saying it impedes interaction with students. The decision taken by the Supreme Administrative Court last week to ban staff from wearing the niqab was confirmed by lawyer Ahmed Mahran today" (para 1-2). "The [niqab] ban [for teachers] was introduced in 2015 by a previous head of Cairo University, two years after the 2013 military ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. Mahran said the decision was issued for 'political reasons' at the time. 'But it never came into effect. I do not expect it to be applied now,' he...more
June 25, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Under the hardline group’s [Taliban] interpretation of Islam, women and girls were banned from public life, including going to school and working, and had to wear a full-body burqa when venturing outside" (para 6).
June 7, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Sudan repealed a law that allowed women to be flogged for wearing trousers in 2019, but there have still been reports of people being lashed at some courts" (para 7).
March 13, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In June, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls—launched by the government in 2016 to address endemic levels of violence against Indigenous women and girls—released its final report. The inquiry made 231 recommendations
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Some rebel women have started to shun the obligatory abaya when they leave the house in a bold push for social liberties by young Saudis” (para 1). “The abaya, which has existed for thousands of years but only became obligatory in recent decades, is also mandatory for non-Muslim women in the kingdom” (para 15).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“They are each made up of six women who have the power to arrest and detain those they deem to be flouting the country’s strict veiling laws” (para 3).