The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-LAW-1

June 7, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Sudan repealed a law that allowed women to be flogged for wearing trousers in 2019, but there have still been reports of people being lashed at some courts" (para 7).
March 13, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In June, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls—launched by the government in 2016 to address endemic levels of violence against Indigenous women and girls—released its final report. The inquiry made 231 recommendations
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Some rebel women have started to shun the obligatory abaya when they leave the house in a bold push for social liberties by young Saudis” (para 1). “The abaya, which has existed for thousands of years but only became obligatory in recent decades, is also mandatory for non-Muslim women in the kingdom” (para 15).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“They are each made up of six women who have the power to arrest and detain those they deem to be flouting the country’s strict veiling laws” (para 3).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“More and more women are said to be pushing back against the country's strict dress codes as they test the response of the ruling Shiite Muslim clergy and their security agencies” (para 2). “With every step, she risks harassment or even arrest by Iran's morality police whose job is to enforce the strict dress code imposed after the 1979 Islamic Revolution” (para 6). “The hijab controversy goes back to the mid-1930s when police forced women to take off their hijabs, part of a Westernization policy by then-Shah Reza Pahlavi. Under his son and successor, women could choose. Western apparel was common among the elite” (para 29-30). “Amnesty International said on...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“A German state has banned the use of burqas in school, saying that the full-face Islamic covering does not belong in a free society. Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany announced the ban on Tuesday. The state has already banned the use of such coverings for teachers. State Premier Winfried Kretschmann said that it was rare for school girls to wear burqas but that a ban was required for the exceptional cases. The new rule will apply to girls attending primary and secondary schools in the state” (para. 1-4). “Each German state has its own education ministry, and the 16 states have differing laws on headscarves in schools” (para. 15). “In 2015,...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Australia, Denmark, France, Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Germany's neighbouring countries including The Netherlands, France, Austria and Denmark have introduced a so-called 'burqa ban' to varying degrees” (para. 17).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Austrian lawmakers have approved plans to ban girls in primary schools from wearing headscarves, a move that would add to existing restrictions on veils. Members of the governing coalition of Chancellor Sebastian Kurz's conservative People's Party and the anti-migration Freedom Party supported the measure...The parties who proposed it openly admitted that the measure is 'specifically targeted at Muslim girls'" (para 1-2, 4). "The new headscarf ban will affect people of all religions" (para 6). "The measure bans wearing 'ideologically or religiously characterized clothing' that covers the head, and specifies that it refers to items 'that cover the whole or large parts of the hair.' Mr Kurz’s government introduced a ban...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

“To many critics, the erasure of the three little girls from the textbook highlighted more than four decades of state-imposed discrimination against women, including discriminatory laws that give women less rights in areas such as child custody and divorce and force them to cover their hair and body in public” (para. 11).
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Wearing a hijab has been compulsory for women in Iran since the Islamic revolution in 1979, a rule which is enforced by the state's morality police" (para 4). "The US-based activist started an anti-headscarf campaign - White Wednesdays - encouraging women to post photographs of themselves without headscarves online as a way of opposing the compulsory hijab. As part of the movement, women have been risking arrest by walking in public and sharing videos online of the harassment they receive from men, using the hashtag #MyCameraIsMyWeapon" (para 11-12).
Dec. 29, 2020, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

“A German court has overturned a school's niqab ban after a 16-year-old girl was told she had to show her face to teachers. The ruling on Monday…cannot be appealed…The teenager…has 'a right to unconditional protection of her freedom of belief' the statement added” (para 1, 2, 5). “The state parliament in…Schleswig-Holstein failed to pass a ban on full-face veils in its universities and colleges on Monday, after the Green Party voted against it… Each German state has its own education ministry, and the 16 states have differing laws on headscarves in schools” (para 10, 12). “In 2015, Germany's Constitutional Court overturned a blanket ban on teachers wearing [niqab]…ruling that it...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Wearing a hijab has been compulsory for women in Iran since the Islamic revolution in 1979, a rule which is enforced by the state's morality police" (para 4). "The US-based activist started an anti-headscarf campaign - White Wednesdays - encouraging women to post photographs of themselves without headscarves online as a way of opposing the compulsory hijab" (para 11).
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"In June, 195 of the conservative-dominated parliament's 290 MPs wrote to President Rouhani asking him to enforce the dress code law, denouncing what they called a Western cultural invasion'" (para 7). "In October he asked police to be moderate when enforcing the requirement for women to wear the hijab -- a veil covering the neck and hair. Under Islamic law in force in Iran since the 1979 revolution, women must wear loose clothing and a hijab. But recent years have seen many wear a thin veil that hardly covers the hair, tight clothing or coats reaching mid-thigh instead of the long coat or chador" (para 9-11). He refers to President...more
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“A young woman has been arrested in central Iran for ‘insulting the Islamic hijab’, after a video appeared to show her cycling without a veil” (para 1). “‘A person who had recently violated norms and insulted the Islamic veil in this region has been arrested,’ Mojataba Raei, governor of Najafabad, told IRNA news agency” (para 2). “Under Islamic law in force in Iran since its 1979 revolution, women must wear a hijab that covers the head and neck and that conceals their hair” (para 6).
Dec. 5, 2020, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Wearing a headscarf and covering all parts of the body was made mandatory for women in Iran soon after the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979. Women who leave part of their hair uncovered in public are regularly targeted by Iran’s morality police, known as Gasht-e Ershad” (para 5-6).
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Women will be able to wear a prayer shawl without being detained by the police [at the designated "unorthodox zone" of the western wall]...” (Para 8).
Sept. 6, 2020, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"A controversial new law banning full-face coverings, including the niqab and burka worn by some Muslim women, on public transport, in hospitals, town halls, and educational institutions, entered force in August. There were complaints from public sector organizations that the law was unclear and from nongovernmental groups that it would have a discriminatory impact on Muslim women. Some local police forces and transport authorities said they would not prioritize enforcing the ban" (para 1).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

“Many of the disputes are ending up in Swiss courts, which have been packed with Islam-related cases in recent years. In one proceeding, for example, Muslim parents won a lawsuit demanding that they be allowed to dress their children in full-body bathing suits (aka ‘burkinis’) during co-ed swimming lessons. In another, a group of Swiss supermarkets created a stir by banning Muslim employees from wearing headscarves” (para 13). “In August 2010, five Muslim families in Basel were fined 350 Swiss Francs ($420) each for refusing to send their daughters to mixed-sex swimming lessons. In August 2009, the Swiss basketball association told a Muslim player she could not wear a headscarf...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, SRACE-PRACTICE-2

“This year, in a move with interesting echoes of our own history, Saudi Arabia has allowed women to ride bicycles, fully covered and in the presence of a male relative, in some public spaces” (para 1).
July 10, 2020, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"'Female students are not allowed to put on lipstick.' That was the order issued to female students at a university in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. 'If seen, they will be fined at the spot,' said the notice issued by the University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, adding that students would be penalized 100 rupees ($0.65) for each violation" (para 1-3). "In September, authorities in Pakistan's northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province issued orders making it compulsory for schoolgirls in two cities to wear garments covering their heads" (para 15). "District education officials in the provincial capital, Peshawar, issued a circular directing the heads of government girls schools to 'instruct all students to wear the...more
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"But there are restrictions. Women must cover their hair, arms and curves in public" (para 13).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

" A moderniser inspired by Mustafa Kemal’s contemporary reforms in Turkey, Amanullah also sought to prescribe the wearing of the veil and enforce compulsory education for girls, although these regulations were only enforced among small sections of the urban population" (pg 5).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sri Lanka announced a ban on face coverings, including veils and burqas, in the wake of the Easter suicide bombings that killed 253 people. President Maithripala Sirisena used emergency powers to ban any form of face covering in public. The new decree announced today means Muslim women in Sri Lanka will no longer be able to wear veils covering their faces" (para 1-3).
May 31, 2020, 11:29 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Sri Lanka announced a ban on face coverings, including veils and burqas, in the wake of the Easter suicide bombings that killed 253 people. President Maithripala Sirisena used emergency powers to ban any form of face covering in public. The new decree announced today means Muslim women in Sri Lanka will no longer be able to wear veils covering their faces" (para 1-3).
May 31, 2020, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Muslim women have defied a ban on wearing 'burkinis' in a local swimming pool in France. The Jean Bron swimming pool in Grenoble is among many in the country that ban burkinis - a full body bikini - but 'Operation burkini' saw a group of activists break the rule and bathe for an hour. It was part of action by the group Citizen Alliance of Grenoble who say it's a Muslim women's right to bathe in the controversial garment" (para 1-3). "In 2010, France became the first European country to ban the full-face veil in public and the burkini is a bid to allow women to bath while adhering to...more
May 19, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Tunisia has banned the niqab veil in 'public institutions'. Under the new rules, people wearing the Muslim face covering will not be allowed to enter government buildings. Tunisian Prime minister Youssef Chahed has brought in the new measure 'for security reasons', his office said." (para 1-3).
May 19, 2020, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"The Islamic dress code, in place since the 1979 revolution, considers veiling obligatory for any female above 13 in Iran and says they should cover themselves from head to toe while disavowing any figure-hugging dress. Breaking the rules can result in fines of up to 500,000 rials (£17) and up to two months in prison" (22-23).
May 19, 2020, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"France banned the wearing of face-covering headgear in public places in 2010, handing out fines to those caught flouting the rules. Anyone who forces another person who wear a covering can face a greater fine and even a prison sentence" (para 14-15).
May 19, 2020, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"The Netherlands has also outlawed face-coverings in public places, including schools, hospitals and public transport" (para 13).
May 19, 2020, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"Last year, Denmark introduced a total ban on niqabs and burkas - which conceal even more of the face"(para 12).