The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-1

June 7, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1

"Sudan repealed a law that allowed women to be flogged for wearing trousers in 2019, but there have still been reports of people being lashed at some courts" (para 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Some rebel women have started to shun the obligatory abaya when they leave the house in a bold push for social liberties by young Saudis. The billowy over-garment, usually all-black, is customary public wear for women in the ultra-conservative Islamic kingdom, where it is widely seen as a symbol of piety” (para 1-2). “However [Jaloud] revealed that she has faced some hostility since ditching the abaya and at a supermarket in Riyadh a fully veiled woman threatened to call the police. Jaloud also said that although she is remaining defiant, she is still forced to wear an abaya and headscarf to work or risk losing her job” (para 8-9). “The...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

In the photo 7 caption it states, “A female police commando wearing Niqab, a full Islamic veil.” In the photo 8 caption it states, “Iram wears a face veil as part of her uniform, but it is not mandatory.”
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Mohammad Abdulahpour, the commander of Gilan province’s Revolutionary Guards unit, has said that the survival of the Islamic revolution depends on the full implementation of Islamic traditions and that ‘the issue of hijab is not a simple matter, but rather a serious political and security issue for our country’” (para 7). “Cleric Rasoul Falahati, representative of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei in the province, condemned women who defy the hijab as an insult to the Islamic Republic” (para 9). “A recent study by Iran’s parliament showed that up to 70 per cent of the female population would like to see the relaxing of laws on the mandatory wearing of headscarves, while...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Brave women are increasingly risking the wrath of Iran's morality police by ditching the hijab - while hardliners demand they should be lashed for ‘disrupting social peace.’ More and more women are said to be pushing back against the country's strict dress codes as they test the response of the ruling Shiite Muslim clergy and their security agencies. But while many women are now opting for loosely draped colourful scarves that show as much hair as they cover, the issue is still divisive in the conservative country” (para 1-3). “An Associated Press reporter spotted about two dozen women in the streets without a hijab over the course of nine days,...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Both Basu's mother and grandmother had been married and widowed young; in her native India, that meant they could wear only white and were forced to atone for the rest of their lives" (para 2). "'As long as I can remember, my grandmother only wore white saris, even until her deathbed. My grandmother became a widow when she was in her late 20s and there was not single day since my grandfather’s death that she wore colorful clothes...she also followed several rituals in penance,' Basu said. 'When I was 17, I lost my father. It was my mother’s turn to follow the rituals and wear white. I resisted the rules,...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"But when their mother, Azita Rafaat, a member of Parliament, dresses the children for school in the morning, there is one important difference. Mehran’s sisters put on black dresses and head scarves, tied tightly over their ponytails. For Mehran, it’s green pants, a white shirt and a necktie, then a pat from her mother over her spiky, short black hair. After that, her daughter is out the door as an Afghan boy" (para 2). "Zahra attends a girls’ school in the mornings, wearing her suit and a head scarf. As soon as she is out on the steps after class, she tucks her scarf into her backpack, and continues her...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Although Abdul long ago told Nur she could stop wearing her long coat, in the camp other women called her a prostitute unless she was covered in black, head to toe" (para 1).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"By the summer, when days peaked at over 100°, and with the windows closed for modesty, the container became an oven. The water shortages went on for weeks during the fasting month of Ramadan, and stir crazed residents suspected the authorities were punishing them. Although Abdul long ago told Nur she could stop wearing her long coat, in the camp other women called her a prostitute unless she was covered in black, head to toe" (para 11).
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"An Iranian undercover morality agent spat at teenage girls and asked them 'where's your dirty owner?' after seeing them without a hijab...During the heated exchange on the side of the road in Kermanshah, Iran, he says to the girls 'I'll f*** your mother' and claims their behaviour is 'immoral' while a police officer appears to do nothing about the incident" (para 1, 3). "In July last year the semi-official Fars news agency quoted the head of the Tehran Revolutionary Court, Mousa Ghazanfarabadi, as saying that 'those who film themselves or others while removing the hijab and send photos to this woman ... will be sentenced to between one and 10...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"An Iranian undercover morality agent spat at teenage girls and asked them 'where's your dirty owner?' after seeing them without a hijab" (para 1). "The US-based activist started an anti-headscarf campaign - White Wednesdays - encouraging women to post photographs of themselves without headscarves online as a way of opposing the compulsory hijab" (para 11).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan education authorities have reversed a decision making it compulsory for female students in two major northwestern cities to wear veils, one day after the move sparked a rights outcry on social media. District education officials in Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Haripur, another city in the conservative province, had announced that girls must cover themselves fully 'to protect them from any unethical accident'. But the directive, first announced last week, triggered a nationwide backlash, as social media users and activists condemned the move as yet another curb on women's rights in a deeply misogynistic country" (para 1). "Local shopkeeper Jameel Ahmad and teacher Ameen Sadiq also vented...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Although Abdul long ago told Nur she could stop wearing her long coat, in the camp other women called her a prostitute unless she was covered in black, head to toe" (para 11).
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:52 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In a PBS NewsHour video report in June, Isis extremist militants parade through Mosul, Iraq, one of the first cities to fall to their onslaught in early June. The armed men are hanging off the back of trucks, as the crowd films them. One fighter leans out a car window, wagging his finger. The footage provides a translation. The fighter has spotted a woman, and he is ordering her to cover up" (para 1). "In recent weeks, women living under Isis control have been seized from their homes and raped. They have been ordered to cover themselves fully and stay in the house" (para 2). "In 2008, graffiti on the...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In some of the captured towns, fanatical ISIS militants have ordered restrictions on women, with rules being set on their clothing, watching TV in coffee shops and smoking" (para 9). "In Mosul, a woman was reportedly whipped, along with her husband, because she was only wearing a headscarf rather than the niqab covering the whole body" (para 10).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"They have to cover themselves from head to toe" (para 14). "The study identified that model constructed by the society determines the traits, responsibilities and parameters for a woman. The traits comprises of: covering of whole body; unconditional obedience to parent’s family before marriage and husband’s family after marriage; fulfillment of instructions without negotiation; home confinement with limited mobility; and expression of desires denied" (para 45).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Their faces were covered and they were wearing fashionable clothes, so we caught them and found college uniforms and make up kits in their two wheelers. They were students who were bunking class. We reported them to their parents and the college" (para 7).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“But many women have pushed the boundaries over the past two decades by allowing their veils to slide back and reveal more hair, especially in Tehran and other major cities” (para 7).
Dec. 5, 2020, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“During their rule in the late 1990s, the Taliban banned women from working and going to school, and ordered them to be fully covered when leaving their homes” (para 13).
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Women of the Wall (WoW), has been on a long journey that has involved public demonstrations, court battles and confrontations with the police. The group has been threatened, insulted and attacked by other Kotel visitors. And yet these women kept insisting on their right to pray as they prefer, wearing a tallit (prayer shawl) or a kippa, and to be allowed to read from the Torah at the women’s section of the wall” (Para 4). “Women will be able to wear a prayer shawl without being detained by the police...” (Para 8). This obviously implies that the wearing of prayer shawls by women was not previously allowed by Orthodox leaders...more
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Afghanistan was changing, and in ways that a 16-year-old girl who was once free to express herself didn't like. With so many male soldiers [of the Mujahideen] around, it seemed smart to her family to make Koofi cover herself with a burqa… She recalls seeing glamorously dressed female news anchors taken off the air and replaced by "dowdy women in scarves" (Para 56). This indicates that dress code standards changed back towards traditional Sharia Law requirements once the Mujahideen took back control of Afghanistan (BC - CODER COMMENTS). “[Fawzia] Koofi believes that in the years since her win in 2005 to her current campaign, life for women in Afghanistan has...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a fully-hooded burqa (woman #1) and niqab (#2) to the less conservative hijab (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type. Overall, most respondents say woman #4, whose hair and ears are completely covered by a white hijab, is the most appropriately dressed for public. This includes …44% in Iraq…[and...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a fully-hooded burqa (woman #1) and niqab (#2) to the less conservative hijab (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type…In Pakistan, there is an even split (31% vs. 32%) between woman #3 and woman #2, who is wearing a niqab that exposes only her eyes, while nearly a quarter...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“[I]n…Lebanon…more than one-in-four think it is appropriate for a woman to not cover her head at all in public” (para 1). “In several [Muslim] countries, substantial minorities say it is acceptable for a woman to not cover her hair in public…Nearly half (49%) in Lebanon also agree that it is acceptable for a woman to appear in public without a head covering, although this may partly reflect the fact that the sample in Lebanon was 27% Christian. Demographic information, including results by gender, were not included in the public release of this survey” (para 5). “Even as publics in many of the surveyed countries express a clear preference for women...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a fully-hooded burqa (woman #1) and niqab (#2) to the less conservative hijab (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type. Overall, most respondents say woman #4, whose hair and ears are completely covered by a white hijab, is the most appropriately dressed for public. This includes 57% in Tunisia”...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a fully-hooded burqa (woman #1) and niqab (#2) to the less conservative hijab (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type…In Saudi Arabia, a 63%-majority prefer woman #2, while an additional 11% say that the burqa worn by woman #1 is the most appropriate style of public dress for women”...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“[I]n Turkey…more than one-in-four think it is appropriate for a woman to not cover her head at all in public” (para 1). “The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a fully-hooded burqa (woman #1) and niqab (#2) to the less conservative hijab (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type. Overall, most respondents say woman #4, whose...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“The survey treated the question of women’s dress as a visual preference. Each respondent was given a card depicting six styles of women’s headdress and asked to choose the woman most appropriately outfitted for a public place. Although no labels were included on the card, the styles ranged from a fully-hooded burqa (woman #1) and niqab (#2) to the less conservative hijab (women #4 and #5). There was also the option of a woman wearing no head covering of any type. Overall, most respondents say woman #4, whose hair and ears are completely covered by a white hijab, is the most appropriately dressed for public. This includes … 52% in...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

“Women have made progress in education, health and work in a conservative Muslim society but most still wear the head-to-toe burqa enforced by the Taliban when the fundamentalist movement ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. Segregation of the sexes and limits on the public activities of women remain the norm” (para 11).
July 10, 2020, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"But the temporary ban was just the latest attempt to enforce Islamic dress codes at schools and universities in Pakistan and Kashmir, which are predominantly Muslim" (para 6). "The temporary lipstick ban was the latest controversy surrounding schools and universities in Pakistan, where some institutions have attempted to segregate female students and impose a strict dress code for women" (para 14).