The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 7, 2021, 6:05 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“Islamists are making inroads in secular schools as well. In September, the government began allowing girls as young as 10 to wear head scarves in classes. Recently, Mr. Erdogan endorsed a call by the government-aligned National Education Council for mandatory Turkish Ottoman language classes — an older form of the national language, written in a type of Arabic script — and classes in “religious values” to be taught to children as young as 6” (para. 18).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They have to cover themselves from head to toe" (para 14). This implies that a woman's face must be covered (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“But many women have pushed the boundaries over the past two decades by allowing their veils to slide back and reveal more hair, especially in Tehran and other major cities” (para 7).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 2% of surveyed Lebanese believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 1% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 11% of surveyed Saudi Arabians believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 63% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 0% of surveyed Turks believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 2% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 1% of surveyed Tunisians believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 2% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 4% of surveyed Iraqis believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 8% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 3% of surveyed Pakistanis believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 32% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 1% of surveyed Egyptians believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 9% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-2

"Following the Easter Sunday bombings, the government issued orders forbidding face coverings, especially the veils worn by some Muslim women. Following this order, Muslim women including those wearing other forms of dress, such as headscarves and abayas, faced harassment at work and in public places, and some were denied access to public services such as schools, hospitals, and universities" (para 21).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The announcement came days after local Islamic clerics urged Muslim women not to cover their faces amid fears of a backlash after the bombings carried out on luxury hotels and churches by jihadists affiliated to ISIS" (para 9). "Most Sri Lankan Muslims practise a liberal form of the religion and only a small number of women wear the niqab" (par 11).
May 31, 2020, 11:29 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The announcement came days after local Islamic clerics urged Muslim women not to cover their faces amid fears of a backlash after the bombings carried out on luxury hotels and churches by jihadists affiliated to ISIS" (para 9). "Most Sri Lankan Muslims practise a liberal form of the religion and only a small number of women wear the niqab" (par 11).
May 31, 2020, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Two of the women involved said: 'We have a dream: to have fun in public swimming pools like all other citizens'. Those who entered in burkinis were fined£30 by police" (para 4). "'We must fight against discriminatory policies and prejudice in France, as we are actually deprived of our civil rights of access to public services and city-owned infrastructures.'" (para 7)
May 19, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The niqab and other outward shows of Islamic devotion were not tolerated under the regime of longtime autocrat Zine El Abidine Ben Ali but have made a comeback since he was toppled in Tunisia's 2011 revolution" (para 10).
May 19, 2020, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-2

"In Iran, women have held a series of demonstrations in which they removed their head coverings in protest at a 'discriminatory law' forcing them to wear one" (para 19).
May 19, 2020, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Britain's likely next PM Boris Johnson faced a huge political storm last year when he compared women wearing face veils to 'letter boxes' and bank robbers. Mr Johnson was accused of being a 'pound-shop Donald Trump' and 'fanning the flames of Islamophobia'. He has refused to apologise, but said he was against a ban" (para 16-17).
May 19, 2020, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"France banned the wearing of face-covering headgear in public places in 2010, handing out fines to those caught flouting the rules. Anyone who forces another person who wear a covering can face a greater fine and even a prison sentence" (para 14-15).
May 19, 2020, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"The Netherlands has also outlawed face-coverings in public places, including schools, hospitals and public transport" (para 13).
May 19, 2020, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"Last year, Denmark introduced a total ban on niqabs and burkas - which conceal even more of the face"(para 12).
April 30, 2020, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The first president to rule Tunisia after independence, Habib Bourguiba, introduced many rights for women within a new Personal Status Code, but he was very critical of the headscarf and famously called it 'that odious rag'" (para 10). "Women were discouraged from wearing the hijab (a headscarf covering the hair) and the niqab (a headscarf and veil which reveals only the eyes). However since Ben Ali’s departure the number of women using the niqab and the hijab has increased" (para 11). "Salwa Hosni, 34, a housewife with two children, wore the niqab before and after the revolution. 'Under Ben Ali’s rule I had many problems. The police would stop me...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, EWCMS-LAW-4

"In areas under its control, ISIS published a 'Civilization Document' with 16 points that a woman must follow or face the death penalty. They included staying at home and not leaving it without an immediate male relative (mahram); wearing a wide cloak, full face veil, and headscarf; closing hair salons; not sitting on chairs in public; and not seeing male doctors. ISIS established the 'al-Khanssaa' brigade, an all-female police force in the city of Raqqa, composed mostly of noncitizen women who enforced these regulations, sometimes violently, among women" (Pg 47).
July 4, 2019, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In public spaces, people tend to follow common rules about modest dress and interactions between unrelated women and men. But in private, Saudis can largely do as they please" (para 12). Public spaces may require women to cover their faces while in private they are not required to (HGM - CODER COMMENT). "[Picture shows Saudi women at the opening of a women’s book fair in Saihat] Because the event was on private land, attendees had the freedom to take off their veils" (para 4). "Because of strict rules in conservative circles, men rarely mix with female relatives in their extended family. Some Saudi men never see the faces of their...more
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Widespread societal exclusion enforced by, but not limited to, state institutions restricted women from using many public facilities. The law requires women usually to sit in separate, specially designated family sections. They frequently cannot consume food in restaurants that do not have such sections. Women risk arrest for riding in a private vehicle driven by a male who is not an employee (such as a hired chauffeur or taxi driver) or a close male relative. Cultural norms enforced by state institutions require women to wear an abaya (a loose-fitting, full-length black cloak) in public. The CPVPV also generally expected Muslim women to cover their hair and non-Muslim women from Asian...more
May 16, 2019, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Exiled Uzbek Imam Fazliddin Parpiyev, human rights defender Urlayeva and Yakubov emphasised to Forum 18 that according to Islamic tradition, women must cover their heads, hair, shoulders, breast, which is why Muslim women traditionally wear hijab. 'Muslims must live according to the moral principles from the Koran,' Urlayeva said. Yakubov stated that 'The enforcement of the dress code for the Academy is totally against Islamic norms'" (para 53).
May 9, 2019, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Aziza, who like many other Afghan women only uses one name, was rounded up by the Taliban’s shadow police for being out of her house without her husband and not being fully veiled. She was beaten so badly she lost consciousness. A resident of Afghanistan’s Sancharak district in Sar-i-pul – a northern province, where the Taliban has tried to impose strict sharia laws and restrict women’s mobility – Aziza spoke to the Guardian after the flogging last month" (para 2-3). "She was wearing a burqa without mesh covering her face" (para 4). "During the Taliban’s period of control in Afghanistan from 1996 until its fall, public executions and lashings were...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Da’esh also beat persons because of their dress; several sources reported Da’esh members beat women for not covering their faces" (para 99)
Feb. 25, 2019, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"President Hassan Rouhani, who came to power in 2013 promising a more moderate stance, has previously said it is not the job of police to enforce religious rules such as those forcing women to cover their hair. But in April 2016, officials said there were 7,000 undercover morality police reporting on things like 'bad hijab' - a blanket term usually referring to un-Islamic dress by women. Figures are rarely given, but Tehran's traffic police said in late 2015 they had dealt with 40,000 cases of bad hijab in cars, where women often let their headscarves drop around their necks. These cases generally led to fines and a temporary impounding of...more
Feb. 21, 2019, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"But the Muslim Brotherhood also has a reputation for wanting to keep women at home and for requiring them to wear headscarves." (para 10). "To ask Mrs Ghaneya about making headscarves compulsory appears irrelevant in the Egyptian Delta. Everyone is wearing one. She herself wears a voluminous blue garment that covers everything except her face and hands." (para 11).
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, DTCP-LAW-1

"During their brief control of key towns in the north, jihadist groups imposed a version of Sharia law which forced women to wear veils and set whipping and stoning as punishment for transgressions" (para 6).