The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for RCDW-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 3, 2021, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia, Taiwan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Unlike at the male-dominated Al Fatah school, where women and girls as young as 5 are required to wear the niqab, thousands of mainly urban, middle-class women have made that choice for themselves. Leading the way is Indadari Mindrayanti, a clothing designer, who founded the Niqab Squad four years ago to promote wearing the veil. It now has nearly 6,000 members with chapters across Indonesia and in Malaysia and Taiwan. 'We really want to go to heaven, and so we sacrifice,' Ms. Indadari explained at a Niqab Squad equestrian and archery event near Jakarta. 'Part of our sacrifice is not showing our beauty and covering our body in an Islamic...more
Aug. 3, 2021, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The rider, Idhanur, who like many Indonesians uses one name, is a 31-year-old teacher at an Islamic school in East Java who says that firing arrows from horseback while wearing her conservative veil, or niqab, improves her chances of going to heaven. Ms. Idhanur is part of a growing, peaceful movement of Muslim women who believe they can receive rewards from God through Islamic activities like wearing a niqab and practicing sports that the Prophet Muhammad is thought to have enjoyed. Many also say it offers protection from prying eyes and harassment by men in a country where unwanted sexual advances are common" (para 2-4). "A small minority of Muslims...more
July 8, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Some Iranian Instagram stars have culled photos on their personal pages - leaving only pictures of themselves wearing a hijab[...]However, some of the women - including the admin of mahdis_food - have claimed that they are 'more comfortable with the veil.' The admin said: 'We should all join this great project together and make our veil more complete. 'There is no particular problem. I joined the project with my heart's satisfaction, and completed my full hijab.'She went on to say that she will 'continue to work only with more coverage' and in 'accordance with the rules of my beloved country'"(para 1, 5-8).
June 25, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Under the hardline group’s [Taliban] interpretation of Islam, women and girls were banned from public life, including going to school and working, and had to wear a full-body burqa when venturing outside" (para 6).
Jan. 7, 2021, 6:05 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“Islamists are making inroads in secular schools as well. In September, the government began allowing girls as young as 10 to wear head scarves in classes. Recently, Mr. Erdogan endorsed a call by the government-aligned National Education Council for mandatory Turkish Ottoman language classes — an older form of the national language, written in a type of Arabic script — and classes in “religious values” to be taught to children as young as 6” (para. 18).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"They have to cover themselves from head to toe" (para 14). This implies that a woman's face must be covered (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“But many women have pushed the boundaries over the past two decades by allowing their veils to slide back and reveal more hair, especially in Tehran and other major cities” (para 7).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 2% of surveyed Lebanese believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 1% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 11% of surveyed Saudi Arabians believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 63% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 0% of surveyed Turks believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 2% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 1% of surveyed Tunisians believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 2% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 4% of surveyed Iraqis believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 8% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 3% of surveyed Pakistanis believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 32% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

“The table titled, “What Style of Dress is Appropriate for Women in Public”, shows that 1% of surveyed Egyptians believe that it is most appropriate for women to completely cover their face with a burqa while in public, and 9% believe women should cover their face, except their eyes, with a Niqab while in public” (1).
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-2

"Following the Easter Sunday bombings, the government issued orders forbidding face coverings, especially the veils worn by some Muslim women. Following this order, Muslim women including those wearing other forms of dress, such as headscarves and abayas, faced harassment at work and in public places, and some were denied access to public services such as schools, hospitals, and universities" (para 21).
May 31, 2020, 11:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The announcement came days after local Islamic clerics urged Muslim women not to cover their faces amid fears of a backlash after the bombings carried out on luxury hotels and churches by jihadists affiliated to ISIS" (para 9). "Most Sri Lankan Muslims practise a liberal form of the religion and only a small number of women wear the niqab" (par 11).
May 31, 2020, 11:29 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The announcement came days after local Islamic clerics urged Muslim women not to cover their faces amid fears of a backlash after the bombings carried out on luxury hotels and churches by jihadists affiliated to ISIS" (para 9). "Most Sri Lankan Muslims practise a liberal form of the religion and only a small number of women wear the niqab" (par 11).
May 31, 2020, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Two of the women involved said: 'We have a dream: to have fun in public swimming pools like all other citizens'. Those who entered in burkinis were fined£30 by police" (para 4). "'We must fight against discriminatory policies and prejudice in France, as we are actually deprived of our civil rights of access to public services and city-owned infrastructures.'" (para 7)
May 19, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The niqab and other outward shows of Islamic devotion were not tolerated under the regime of longtime autocrat Zine El Abidine Ben Ali but have made a comeback since he was toppled in Tunisia's 2011 revolution" (para 10).
May 19, 2020, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-2

"In Iran, women have held a series of demonstrations in which they removed their head coverings in protest at a 'discriminatory law' forcing them to wear one" (para 19).
May 19, 2020, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Britain's likely next PM Boris Johnson faced a huge political storm last year when he compared women wearing face veils to 'letter boxes' and bank robbers. Mr Johnson was accused of being a 'pound-shop Donald Trump' and 'fanning the flames of Islamophobia'. He has refused to apologise, but said he was against a ban" (para 16-17).
May 19, 2020, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"France banned the wearing of face-covering headgear in public places in 2010, handing out fines to those caught flouting the rules. Anyone who forces another person who wear a covering can face a greater fine and even a prison sentence" (para 14-15).
May 19, 2020, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"The Netherlands has also outlawed face-coverings in public places, including schools, hospitals and public transport" (para 13).
May 19, 2020, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1

"Last year, Denmark introduced a total ban on niqabs and burkas - which conceal even more of the face"(para 12).
April 30, 2020, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"The first president to rule Tunisia after independence, Habib Bourguiba, introduced many rights for women within a new Personal Status Code, but he was very critical of the headscarf and famously called it 'that odious rag'" (para 10). "Women were discouraged from wearing the hijab (a headscarf covering the hair) and the niqab (a headscarf and veil which reveals only the eyes). However since Ben Ali’s departure the number of women using the niqab and the hijab has increased" (para 11). "Salwa Hosni, 34, a housewife with two children, wore the niqab before and after the revolution. 'Under Ben Ali’s rule I had many problems. The police would stop me...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2, EWCMS-LAW-4

"In areas under its control, ISIS published a 'Civilization Document' with 16 points that a woman must follow or face the death penalty. They included staying at home and not leaving it without an immediate male relative (mahram); wearing a wide cloak, full face veil, and headscarf; closing hair salons; not sitting on chairs in public; and not seeing male doctors. ISIS established the 'al-Khanssaa' brigade, an all-female police force in the city of Raqqa, composed mostly of noncitizen women who enforced these regulations, sometimes violently, among women" (Pg 47).
July 4, 2019, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"In public spaces, people tend to follow common rules about modest dress and interactions between unrelated women and men. But in private, Saudis can largely do as they please" (para 12). Public spaces may require women to cover their faces while in private they are not required to (HGM - CODER COMMENT). "[Picture shows Saudi women at the opening of a women’s book fair in Saihat] Because the event was on private land, attendees had the freedom to take off their veils" (para 4). "Because of strict rules in conservative circles, men rarely mix with female relatives in their extended family. Some Saudi men never see the faces of their...more
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-PRACTICE-2, RCDW-LAW-1, RCDW-LAW-2

"Widespread societal exclusion enforced by, but not limited to, state institutions restricted women from using many public facilities. The law requires women usually to sit in separate, specially designated family sections. They frequently cannot consume food in restaurants that do not have such sections. Women risk arrest for riding in a private vehicle driven by a male who is not an employee (such as a hired chauffeur or taxi driver) or a close male relative. Cultural norms enforced by state institutions require women to wear an abaya (a loose-fitting, full-length black cloak) in public. The CPVPV also generally expected Muslim women to cover their hair and non-Muslim women from Asian...more
May 16, 2019, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Exiled Uzbek Imam Fazliddin Parpiyev, human rights defender Urlayeva and Yakubov emphasised to Forum 18 that according to Islamic tradition, women must cover their heads, hair, shoulders, breast, which is why Muslim women traditionally wear hijab. 'Muslims must live according to the moral principles from the Koran,' Urlayeva said. Yakubov stated that 'The enforcement of the dress code for the Academy is totally against Islamic norms'" (para 53).
May 9, 2019, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-2

"Aziza, who like many other Afghan women only uses one name, was rounded up by the Taliban’s shadow police for being out of her house without her husband and not being fully veiled. She was beaten so badly she lost consciousness. A resident of Afghanistan’s Sancharak district in Sar-i-pul – a northern province, where the Taliban has tried to impose strict sharia laws and restrict women’s mobility – Aziza spoke to the Guardian after the flogging last month" (para 2-3). "She was wearing a burqa without mesh covering her face" (para 4). "During the Taliban’s period of control in Afghanistan from 1996 until its fall, public executions and lashings were...more