The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-DATA-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Living conditions for children in orphanages were poor. NGOs reported as many as 80 percent of children between ages four and 18 in orphanages were not orphans but from families unable to provide them with food, shelter, schooling, or all three. Children in orphanages reported mental, physical, and sexual abuse and occasionally were victims of trafficking..." (38). While this variable does not specify inclusion of data on children, TRAFF-LAW-1 does. For the sake of consistency under the Sex Trafficking and Related Practices variables, this has been included (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The State Agency for the Protection of Children’s Rights reported that as of July authorities had identified 165 street children, eight of whom were victims or potential victims of trafficking" (p 20).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Estonia is currently mainly a country of origin for human trafficking, but also a transit country and to a very small extent, a destination country. Most victims are women who are exploited in prostitution whether in Estonia or abroad, but for labour trafficking, also men are being recruited and exploited...Exact data on the number of victims of human trafficking though is not available due to the lack of specific anti trafficking legislation until spring 2012 and due to the hidden nature of such crimes. According to the data from NGOs providing services, in 2007, 55 female victims of trafficking were identified by the NGOs. In 2011, the number of victims...more
July 29, 2021, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2012, Germany joined the EU's ETUTU project, which in cooperation with Nigerian authorities aims to crack down on Nigerian criminals trafficking humans around the world. A transnational approach to fighting these criminal is absolutely essential, as most Nigerian women arrive in Europe via Italy. Over the past three years, over 20,000 Nigerian women, many of them minors, have come to Italy via the Mediterranean. The UN estimates that some 80% are victims of human trafficking or are at great risk of becoming a victim. Helen Okoro was once a victim of human traffickers. She arrived in Italy 20 years ago and still lives there today. She works for Casa...more
July 29, 2021, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, German police registered 68 women who were the victims of Nigerian human traffickers — a significant rise on the previous year. Nigerian women made up the largest share of African trafficking victims at 61%. Last year, 41 suspected Nigerian traffickers were also caught, roughly twice as many as in 2017, according to the Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office" (para 4).
July 29, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, German police registered 68 women who were the victims of Nigerian human traffickers — a significant rise on the previous year. Nigerian women made up the largest share of African trafficking victims at 61%. Last year, 41 suspected Nigerian traffickers were also caught, roughly twice as many as in 2017, according to the Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office" (para 4). "Over the past three years, over 20,000 Nigerian women, many of them minors, have come to Italy via the Mediterranean. The UN estimates that some 80% are victims of human trafficking or are at great risk of becoming a victim" (para 6). "Some Sicilians are starting to refer...more
July 29, 2021, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"'When we first filed this bill, one of the things we were looking at is the fact that North Carolina has become a destination place for marriage — for folks who are marrying children and for sex trafficking,' Sen. Danny Britt said. 'What we wanted to do was come up with a bill that would take us off that list and protect these children'" (Para 3).
July 22, 2021, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The battle for the Nordic Model in Israel was long and hard. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Israel became a destination country for sex trafficking of women from the ex-communist countries. The authorities were mostly indifferent to what was going on and generally people incorrectly saw the trafficking victims as women who were voluntarily in the sex trade because they were seeking to improve their standard of living" (Para 6).
July 17, 2021, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Victims' advocates also argue the low age of consent contributes to what international rights organizations have described as high levels of sex trafficking and teenage pregnancy in the Philippines, compounded by gaps in the enforcement of existing laws" (para 8). "From March to late May alone last year, as the country entered a strict coronavirus lockdown, the government's cybercrime unit received 280,000 reports of online child sexual exploitation located in the country from a US nonprofit that receives referrals from major internet companies. That's more than three times the number of reports received during the same period the year before. Some of those reports were about the same piece of...more
July 14, 2021, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Human rights groups say an estimated 1,000 Christian and Hindu girls are kidnapped each year and forced to convert to Islam"(para 13).
July 2, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In Guatemala, adolescent girls are at a high risk of being “disappeared,” with 8 out of every 10,000 girls between the ages of 15 and 17 reported missing each year" (para 8). Although reasons for disappearances vary by case, it is likely that many of these girls were trafficked (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"During the year UNICEF assisted 4,627 victims of sexual exploitation, including 1,671 children, of whom 228 reported being victims of sexual violence by armed men. According to a 2010 World Bank report, 26 percent of children living on the streets were girls, of whom 70 percent were victims of rape and 90 percent were victims of child sex trafficking" (p 43).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, IRP-DATA-2

"The number of offences consisting in forcing other persons to prostitution (art. 203 of the Penal Code) has been decreasing since 2007. In 2010, 28 offences of forcing other persons to prostitution were revealed, i.e. five fewer than in the previous year and 27 fewer than in 2007, when the largest number of offences in this category was revealed" (27).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-DATA-1

"One group working to support domestic workers has warned that 200 Sierra Leonean women are stranded and homeless in Oman. Many were trafficked there, tricked like Isha into thinking that a better life was waiting for them" (para 6).
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, ACR-DATA-1

"A group of 32 women who acted as surrogates for Chinese clients were found guilty of human trafficking and handed suspended jail terms with an order to raise their children 'well' in Cambodia’s first trial of surrogate mothers" (para 1). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand the previous year" (para 7). "After their arrest in July 2018, the 32 surrogates were detained for five months before being released on bail on compassionate grounds, on the condition that they look after the babies, some...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Since 2002 it has been registered the decrease of the trafficking of Albanian women, in parallel to the increase of victims coming from other Eastern European Countries, in particular from Romania, Moldavia and Ukraine" (43). "According to data by the Ministry of Justice, in 2007, 68 individuals were condemned, at the first instance, for slavery subjection (art. 600 of the penal code), 9 persons for trafficking and slave trade (art. 601 of the penal code); 1 person for the alienation and the purchase of slaves (art. 602 of the penal code); 100 persons for the exploitation of the child prostitution; at the second instance (at the appeal level), 10 persons...more
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"'The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine 2010 ratification of the European Council Convention on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings' [and] 'Adoption of the Laws of Ukraine: 2011 on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings'" (18). "According to MIA data the quantity of crimes related to human trafficking is being constantly decreasing" (31). "In terms of the extent degree the most urgent problem is the labour exploitation slave labour, both in agriculture and industry with the labour exploitation inside the state being increasingly widespread. The second place is occupied by the sexual exploitation, the third one by human trafficking to use the organs and to be pulled into the beggary" (31). "The international...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

“In 2016, the Cambodian government said 6,900 undocumented women had been identified in China. The real number ensnared by the bride trade could easily be double that, campaigners say” (para 32).
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

“'Some girls have been married 60 times by the time they turn 18,' says El-Ashmawy. 'Most ‘marriages’ last for just a couple of days or weeks.'” (para 6). "A NCCM-commissioned survey of 2,000 families in three towns near Cairo – El Hawamdia, Abu Nomros and Badrashein – found that the hefty sums paid by Arab tourists was the main motive for the high rate of 'summer marriages' in these towns. Some 75 percent of the respondents knew girls involved in the trade, and most believed the number of marriages was increasing" (para 15-16).
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

“L.R. v. the United Kingdom (no. 49113/09) (14 June 2011 (strike-out decision)): The applicant claimed that she had been trafficked to the United Kingdom from Italy by an Albanian man who forced her into prostitution in a night club collecting all the money which that brought. She escaped and started living in an undisclosed shelter. She claimed that removing her from the United Kingdom to Albania would expose her to a risk of being treated in breach of Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment), 4 (prohibition of slavery and forced labour) and 8 (right to respect for private and family life) of the Convention....more
Feb. 13, 2021, 10:58 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:02 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

“Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia (7 January 2010): The applicant was the father of a young woman who died in Cyprus where she had gone to work in March 2001. He complained that the Cypriot police had not done everything possible to protect his daughter from trafficking while she had been alive and to punish those responsible for her death. He also complained about the failure of the Russian authorities to investigate his daughter’s trafficking and subsequent death and to take steps to protect her from the risk of trafficking. The Court noted that, like slavery, trafficking in human beings, by its very nature and aim of exploitation, was based...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

“V.F. v. France (no. 7196/10) (29 November 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): This case concerned the proceedings for the applicant’s deportation to Nigeria, her country of origin. The applicant alleged in particular that if she were expelled to Nigeria she would be at risk of being forced back into the prostitution ring from which she had escaped and being subjected to reprisals by those concerned, and that the Nigerian authorities would be unable to protect her. In her view, the French authorities were under a duty not to expel potential victims of trafficking. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. While it was well aware of the...more
Feb. 9, 2021, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"A hugely profitable and well organised criminal industry has been operating between Italy and Nigeria for more than two decades but the UN’s International Organisation for Migration says it has seen an almost 600% rise in the number of potential sex trafficking victims arriving in Italy by sea over the past three years. In 2016 its staff registered more than 11,000 Nigerian women at landing points in Sicily, with more than 80% of them victims of trafficking and destined for a life of forced prostitution on street corners and in brothels across Italy and Europe" (para 6-7).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The Islamic State has kidnapped more than 5,000 Yazidis, and possibly as many as 7,000, most of them women and girls, according to Matthew Barber, a member of the Sinjar Crisis Management Team, an advocacy group that has conducted an extensive survey of displaced Yazidi families" (para 14).
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Like Toni, who was picked up along International Boulevard in Oakland, a major West Coast hub for sex trafficking, the vast majority of teenage girls who appear before Judge Burgess in the Alameda County Girls Court, a special tribunal for girls, have been recruited as child prostitutes or, like Toni, been considered at risk for involvement" (para 4). "The Girls Court is part of a national movement to address the sex trafficking of minors domestically, many with a history of childhood abuse. Among the high-profile efforts are New York State’s new network of 11 statewide Human Trafficking Intervention Courts for those 16 years and up, and the passage of so-called...more
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

“The Committee is…concerned at the lack of data on trafficking and exploitation of prostitution and that no comprehensive research is being undertaken on the phenomenon in the State party” (6).
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-DATA-1, IRP-LAW-2

“V.F. v. France (no. 7196/10) (29 November 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): This case concerned the proceedings for the applicant’s deportation to Nigeria, her country of origin. The applicant alleged in particular that if she were expelled to Nigeria she would be at risk of being forced back into the prostitution ring from which she had escaped and being subjected to reprisals by those concerned, and that the Nigerian authorities would be unable to protect her. In her view, the French authorities were under a duty not to expel potential victims of trafficking. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. While it was well aware of the...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

“S.M. v. Croatia (no. 60561/14) (25 June 2020 (Grand Chamber)): This case concerned a Croatian woman’s complaint of human trafficking and forced prostitution. The applicant complained of an inadequate official procedural response to her allegations. The Court held that there had been a violation of Article 4 (prohibition of forced labour) of the Convention on account of the shortcomings in the Croatian authorities’ investigation into the applicant’s allegation of forced prostitution. Taking the opportunity via the applicant’s case to clarify its case-law on human trafficking for the purpose of exploitation of prostitution, the Court pointed out in particular that it relied on the definition under international law to decide whether...more