The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-DATA-1

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"More TIP cases have been prosecuted than in the previous reporting period. While 9 cases were confirmed in 2017104 (sexually trafficked), 267 cases were unconfirmed105 in the same year. 64 new confirmed TIP cases were reported in 2018. 3 cases were prosecuted but none of them resulting in a conviction for the 2017/2018 period.106 In the whole reporting period, only one prosecution resulted in a conviction with attempted trafficking charges in March 2016" (19). "In 2018, 115 sex trafficking victims were identified and referred to IOM and the 3 NGO-operated shelters for assistance. As most stakeholders acknowledge that victim identification remain a challenge, the Working Group is working toward harmonizing...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"From 2007–2017, 730 people have been assessed by the Danish authorities as being victims of trafficking. Of these, 87 percent were women. The majority of victims comes from Nigeria, Thailand and Uganda. Most victims are trafficked into prostitution. There has been a constant increase in the number of the people being assessed as victims. In the same period, the authorities’ and organizations’ efforts against trafficking have expanded and become more extensive" (9). "In a small population of approx. 56,000 inhabitants, small communities and a remote geographical location, women’s trafficking and prostitution are considered difficult without the authorities being aware of it. No cases of organized prostitution and trafficking in women...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"From 2009 to 2010, China successfully handled 5,409 cases of trafficking in women, rescuing a total of 3,899 trafficked women" (27).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In Switzerland, the main purpose of trafficking in human beings is the sexual exploitation of women. In recent years, the number of investigations and verdicts on trafficking in human beings has been growing, as inter-cantonal and international cooperation has become much greater. Even now, in Switzerland, cases of human trafficking with the aim of exploiting the victims’ labour rarely give rise to prosecution, which suggests that the offence remains hidden. Police investigations would indicate that the following sectors are particularly vulnerable to this form of exploitation: care, housekeeping, agriculture, and hotels and restaurants. The measures taken against human trafficking for the exploitation of labour are focused on preventive legislation such...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"A number of children, primarily from the Roma community, were forced to engage in begging, theft, domestic work, commercial sexual exploitation, and other forms of labor" (36). "With regard to the worst forms of child labor, traffickers subjected children to commercial sexual exploitation, used children in the production of pornography and drugs, and sometimes forced children to beg and commit crimes. Some Romani children were forced into manual labor or begging" (37).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The TIP Unit has recorded 16 cases of human trafficking between 2004 and 2013. The majority of victims were females and children (90 per cent), of Surinamese or Guyanese origin, while the majority of cases were related to sexual exploitation (13 out of 16 cases)" (16).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"...Criminal enforcement agencies investigated 398 reports of commercial sexual exploitation of children during 2018, compared with 920 in the previous year…" (23).
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to NGOs, although official statistics showed relatively few cases of sexual exploitation and sale of children, there were numerous undetected and unreported cases caused by gaps in legislation, training, awareness raising, detection, and reporting" (33).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"...Persons who offer to purchase, acquire, sell, transport, or hold a child in captivity are subject to imprisonment for three to 12 years. The Office of the Ombudsman for Children’s Rights reported receiving no complaints of alleged sexual exploitation of children during the year..." (13).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"UNHCR noted that commercial, sexual exploitation of refugee children continued to occur" (42).
March 10, 2022, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"'An armed group linked to the Islamic State (ISIS) has since 2018 kidnapped and enslaved more than 600 women and girls in Mozambique's northern Cabo Delgado province,' Human Rights Watch said in a statement" (Para. 4). "The woman counted 203 girls but did not know how many were abducted" (Para. 8).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"PNP officials at all levels were implicated in corruption scandals during the year. In September, PNP commander Manuel Hiraldo Morillo Cribilleros, head of the Criminal Division of Puerto Maldonado in the Madre de Dios region, was arrested during a large-scale law enforcement operation targeting the Los Brothers human trafficking ring. Morillo was suspected of being involved in sex trafficking and corruption" (12). "While the country has strong laws to protect children, it frequently had serious problems with enforcement. Media reported on the sex trafficking of minor girls in the illicit gold mining sites of the remote Amazonian Madre de Dios region. In 2018 a local NGO estimated there were approximately...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Since 2002 it has been registered the decrease of the trafficking of Albanian women, in parallel to the increase of victims coming from other Eastern European Countries, in particular from Romania, Moldavia and Ukraine" (43). "According to data by the Ministry of Justice, in 2007, 68 individuals were condemned, at the first instance, for slavery subjection (art. 600 of the penal code), 9 persons for trafficking and slave trade (art. 601 of the penal code); 1 person for the alienation and the purchase of slaves (art. 602 of the penal code); 100 persons for the exploitation of the child prostitution; at the second instance (at the appeal level), 10 persons...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"...In September, Liliana Campo Puello, whom authorities charged with running an extensive child trafficking ring for the purposes of sexual exploitation, pleaded guilty and was sentenced to eight years in prison. Her father, Carlos Enrique Campo Caballero, was also convicted and sentenced to 56 months’ imprisonment. The judge in the case accused Puello of continuing to operate the trafficking ring while imprisoned. In 2018 authorities in Cartagena arrested Puello as part of a three-day operation, during which they arrested 18 persons and charged them with the sexual exploitation of more than 250 women and girls. Prosecutors alleged that some of the women and girls were tattooed and trafficked for purposes...more
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"During the year there were several media reports of abuses in placement centers for institutionalized children, including... trafficking in persons" (25).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Child sex trafficking remained a problem and the country continued to be a destination for child sex tourism" (35).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 for boys and girls. The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. Authorities partially enforced the law, but exploitation of children and child prostitution remained a problem. Girls were exploited in prostitution in bars, roadside clubs, and restaurants. Child prostitution appeared to be most prevalent in Maputo Province and the provinces of Nampula, Beira and Manica, border towns, and at overnight stopping points along key transportation routes. Some NGOs provided health care, counseling, and vocational training to children, primarily girls, engaged in prostitution. Children from Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Eswatini, many of whom entered the country alone, remained vulnerable...more
Feb. 4, 2022, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"While employers generally observed minimum age rules, there were reports that children were trafficked for forced labor (see section 7.b.). Children were subjected to forced begging and criminal activity, particularly drug smuggling and theft. Commercial sexual exploitation of children also occurred. There were also reports of children forced to work as unpaid domestic help" (18).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In Deoria, despite multiple letters from the district government to cease sending vulnerable women and children to a shelter operating without proper registration, three police superintendents sent at least 405 girls to the shelter over two years, where shelter employees exploited many in sex trafficking" (39). "While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, including severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, and sex trafficking" (45). "There were reports women and girls in the devadasi system of symbolic marriages to Hindu deities (a form of so-called 'ritual prostitution') were victims of rape or sexual abuse at the hands of priests and...more
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The continued practice of enjo kosai ('compensated dating') and the existence of websites for online dating, social networking, and 'delivery health' (a euphemism for call-girl or escort services) facilitated the sex trafficking of children and other commercial sex industries. The government’s interagency taskforce to combat child sex trafficking in joshi kosei (or 'JK' businesses)--dating services connecting adult men with underage girls--and in forced pornography continued to strengthen its crackdown on such businesses. In 2018 authorities identified 137 of these operations nationwide. A total of 69 individuals alleged to have been engaged in unspecified criminal activities surrounding the JK business were arrested, and seven major prefectures passed ordinances banning JK businesses,...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"...In October the Department of Justice’s Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking partnered with the International Justice Mission, the Digital Freedom Network, and others to conduct several Prosecuting Online Sexual Exploitation training seminars for prosecutors and law enforcement officers on both prosecuting cases and obtaining and presenting digital evidence. Alumni of this program successfully convicted 33 online sexual exploitation of children cases in the year to October" (29). "The NBI and the PNP worked closely with the labor department to target and close facilities suspected of sex trafficking of minors. From January to June, DSWD data reported 29 cases in which children were victims of sex trafficking and 13 cases of child...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"NGOs noted that institutionalized children living in state care were especially vulnerable to human trafficking for prostitution and criticized the lack of special assistance for child victims of trafficking. In a report published in 2018, the ombudsman stated that one-third of children were placed in child protection care because of their families’ poor financial circumstances" (28-29).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"Government resources dedicated to prevention of forced labor, including inspections and remediation, and enforcement of the law remained inadequate. Penalties ranging from three to 15 years’ imprisonment were sufficient to deter violations, and convictions remained low. Convicted offenders frequently avoided imprisonment, undercutting enforcement efforts and victim protections, according to NGOs and media. Government efforts to prevent and eliminate forced labor during the year included a countrywide awareness campaign and training security forces to identify, flag, and direct victims to assistance services. In 2018 courts convicted and sentenced 25 traffickers (17 sex trafficking and eight forced labor), compared with 12 in 2017 (one sex trafficking and 11 forced labor)" (15).more
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"While no official statistics were available, a women’s shelter reported recurring problems with gender-based violence and trafficking of refugee women. NGOs reported Venezuelans crossing through informal border crossings controlled by armed groups faced significant protection risks, including gender-based violence. Individuals were often forced to pay a form of taxation at the informal border crossing or be indebted to those controlling them, exposing them to risks of exploitation, harassment, and sexual violence, as well as recruitment into drug trafficking and other armed groups" (21). "Local police and private security forces allegedly prevented LGBTI persons from entering malls, public parks, and recreational areas. NGOs reported the former Maduro regime systematically denied legal...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to the government and the Children Empowerment Foundation, a leading NGO dealing with trafficking in children, trafficking of children for sexual exploitation remained a problem" (17).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNHCR, and NGOs reported labor exploitation of asylum seekers, especially in the agriculture and service sectors (see section 7.b.), and sexual exploitation of unaccompanied migrant minors (see section 6, Children)" (9). "Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Independent observers and the government estimated at least 5,000 foreign minors were victims of sexual exploitation. On April 3, a Bari court convicted two men respectively to six year and six months and five years and six months in prison for exploiting at least four minors as sex workers between...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (17). "There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced solicitation, as well as pornography. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation, including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (24).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to UNHCR, gaps in housing and social support for unaccompanied children left many without access to state-run accommodation centers or children’s shelters. Many children had to rely on informal networks for food, shelter, and other needs and remained vulnerable to abuse, trafficking, and other forms of exploitation. UNHCR noted a lack of educational programs and vocational activities for those in detention for extended periods" (38). This information about child refugees being at risk for trafficking was included because the trafficking variables ask for laws concerning the trafficking of both women and children and the enforcement of those laws (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "Sexual exploitation of children, however, remained significantly underreported. Commercial...more
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The country is a destination for child sex tourism" (32).
Oct. 11, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to the National Method Support against Prostitution and Trafficking, an umbrella organization under the auspices of the Equality Agency, 19 girls and 38 boys from outside the country were subjected to trafficking in 2018. This was a decrease compared with previous years[...]The girls were mainly subjected to sexual exploitation, forced begging, and child marriage"(18).