The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-DATA-1

Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The continued practice of enjo kosai ('compensated dating') and the existence of websites for online dating, social networking, and 'delivery health' (a euphemism for call-girl or escort services) facilitated the sex trafficking of children and other commercial sex industries. The government’s interagency taskforce to combat child sex trafficking in joshi kosei (or 'JK' businesses)--dating services connecting adult men with underage girls--and in forced pornography continued to strengthen its crackdown on such businesses. In 2018 authorities identified 137 of these operations nationwide. A total of 69 individuals alleged to have been engaged in unspecified criminal activities surrounding the JK business were arrested, and seven major prefectures passed ordinances banning JK businesses,...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"...In October the Department of Justice’s Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking partnered with the International Justice Mission, the Digital Freedom Network, and others to conduct several Prosecuting Online Sexual Exploitation training seminars for prosecutors and law enforcement officers on both prosecuting cases and obtaining and presenting digital evidence. Alumni of this program successfully convicted 33 online sexual exploitation of children cases in the year to October" (29). "The NBI and the PNP worked closely with the labor department to target and close facilities suspected of sex trafficking of minors. From January to June, DSWD data reported 29 cases in which children were victims of sex trafficking and 13 cases of child...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"NGOs noted that institutionalized children living in state care were especially vulnerable to human trafficking for prostitution and criticized the lack of special assistance for child victims of trafficking. In a report published in 2018, the ombudsman stated that one-third of children were placed in child protection care because of their families’ poor financial circumstances" (28-29).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"Government resources dedicated to prevention of forced labor, including inspections and remediation, and enforcement of the law remained inadequate. Penalties ranging from three to 15 years’ imprisonment were sufficient to deter violations, and convictions remained low. Convicted offenders frequently avoided imprisonment, undercutting enforcement efforts and victim protections, according to NGOs and media. Government efforts to prevent and eliminate forced labor during the year included a countrywide awareness campaign and training security forces to identify, flag, and direct victims to assistance services. In 2018 courts convicted and sentenced 25 traffickers (17 sex trafficking and eight forced labor), compared with 12 in 2017 (one sex trafficking and 11 forced labor)" (15).more
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"While no official statistics were available, a women’s shelter reported recurring problems with gender-based violence and trafficking of refugee women. NGOs reported Venezuelans crossing through informal border crossings controlled by armed groups faced significant protection risks, including gender-based violence. Individuals were often forced to pay a form of taxation at the informal border crossing or be indebted to those controlling them, exposing them to risks of exploitation, harassment, and sexual violence, as well as recruitment into drug trafficking and other armed groups" (21). "Local police and private security forces allegedly prevented LGBTI persons from entering malls, public parks, and recreational areas. NGOs reported the former Maduro regime systematically denied legal...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to the government and the Children Empowerment Foundation, a leading NGO dealing with trafficking in children, trafficking of children for sexual exploitation remained a problem" (17).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNHCR, and NGOs reported labor exploitation of asylum seekers, especially in the agriculture and service sectors (see section 7.b.), and sexual exploitation of unaccompanied migrant minors (see section 6, Children)" (9). "Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Independent observers and the government estimated at least 5,000 foreign minors were victims of sexual exploitation. On April 3, a Bari court convicted two men respectively to six year and six months and five years and six months in prison for exploiting at least four minors as sex workers between...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (17). "There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced solicitation, as well as pornography. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation, including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (24).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to UNHCR, gaps in housing and social support for unaccompanied children left many without access to state-run accommodation centers or children’s shelters. Many children had to rely on informal networks for food, shelter, and other needs and remained vulnerable to abuse, trafficking, and other forms of exploitation. UNHCR noted a lack of educational programs and vocational activities for those in detention for extended periods" (38). This information about child refugees being at risk for trafficking was included because the trafficking variables ask for laws concerning the trafficking of both women and children and the enforcement of those laws (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "Sexual exploitation of children, however, remained significantly underreported. Commercial...more
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The country is a destination for child sex tourism" (32).
Oct. 11, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to the National Method Support against Prostitution and Trafficking, an umbrella organization under the auspices of the Equality Agency, 19 girls and 38 boys from outside the country were subjected to trafficking in 2018. This was a decrease compared with previous years[...]The girls were mainly subjected to sexual exploitation, forced begging, and child marriage"(18).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"While no specific laws address child sex tourism, it is punishable under other criminal offenses. The country was a destination for child sex tourism. In addition, girls from other South American nations were exploited in sex trafficking in the country" (21).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, IRP-DATA-2

"According to the UN’s Panel of Experts’ reporting, the Gender-based Violence Information Management System reported 210 cases of conflict-related sexual violence from January to April, including cases of forced marriage, sexual slavery, castration, forced prostitution, and forced pregnancies" (22).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The Ministry of Interior reported 11 total victims (all women) of trafficking in 2018, compared to 14 victims (10 women and four men) in 2017" (26).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Living conditions for children in orphanages were poor. NGOs reported as many as 80 percent of children between ages four and 18 in orphanages were not orphans but from families unable to provide them with food, shelter, schooling, or all three. Children in orphanages reported mental, physical, and sexual abuse and occasionally were victims of trafficking..." (38). While this variable does not specify inclusion of data on children, TRAFF-LAW-1 does. For the sake of consistency under the Sex Trafficking and Related Practices variables, this has been included (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The State Agency for the Protection of Children’s Rights reported that as of July authorities had identified 165 street children, eight of whom were victims or potential victims of trafficking" (p 20).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Estonia is currently mainly a country of origin for human trafficking, but also a transit country and to a very small extent, a destination country. Most victims are women who are exploited in prostitution whether in Estonia or abroad, but for labour trafficking, also men are being recruited and exploited...Exact data on the number of victims of human trafficking though is not available due to the lack of specific anti trafficking legislation until spring 2012 and due to the hidden nature of such crimes. According to the data from NGOs providing services, in 2007, 55 female victims of trafficking were identified by the NGOs. In 2011, the number of victims...more
July 29, 2021, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2012, Germany joined the EU's ETUTU project, which in cooperation with Nigerian authorities aims to crack down on Nigerian criminals trafficking humans around the world. A transnational approach to fighting these criminal is absolutely essential, as most Nigerian women arrive in Europe via Italy. Over the past three years, over 20,000 Nigerian women, many of them minors, have come to Italy via the Mediterranean. The UN estimates that some 80% are victims of human trafficking or are at great risk of becoming a victim. Helen Okoro was once a victim of human traffickers. She arrived in Italy 20 years ago and still lives there today. She works for Casa...more
July 29, 2021, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, German police registered 68 women who were the victims of Nigerian human traffickers — a significant rise on the previous year. Nigerian women made up the largest share of African trafficking victims at 61%. Last year, 41 suspected Nigerian traffickers were also caught, roughly twice as many as in 2017, according to the Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office" (para 4).
July 29, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, German police registered 68 women who were the victims of Nigerian human traffickers — a significant rise on the previous year. Nigerian women made up the largest share of African trafficking victims at 61%. Last year, 41 suspected Nigerian traffickers were also caught, roughly twice as many as in 2017, according to the Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office" (para 4). "Over the past three years, over 20,000 Nigerian women, many of them minors, have come to Italy via the Mediterranean. The UN estimates that some 80% are victims of human trafficking or are at great risk of becoming a victim" (para 6). "Some Sicilians are starting to refer...more
July 29, 2021, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"'When we first filed this bill, one of the things we were looking at is the fact that North Carolina has become a destination place for marriage — for folks who are marrying children and for sex trafficking,' Sen. Danny Britt said. 'What we wanted to do was come up with a bill that would take us off that list and protect these children'" (Para 3).
July 22, 2021, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The battle for the Nordic Model in Israel was long and hard. In the 1990s and early 2000s, Israel became a destination country for sex trafficking of women from the ex-communist countries. The authorities were mostly indifferent to what was going on and generally people incorrectly saw the trafficking victims as women who were voluntarily in the sex trade because they were seeking to improve their standard of living" (Para 6).
July 17, 2021, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Victims' advocates also argue the low age of consent contributes to what international rights organizations have described as high levels of sex trafficking and teenage pregnancy in the Philippines, compounded by gaps in the enforcement of existing laws" (para 8). "From March to late May alone last year, as the country entered a strict coronavirus lockdown, the government's cybercrime unit received 280,000 reports of online child sexual exploitation located in the country from a US nonprofit that receives referrals from major internet companies. That's more than three times the number of reports received during the same period the year before. Some of those reports were about the same piece of...more
July 14, 2021, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Human rights groups say an estimated 1,000 Christian and Hindu girls are kidnapped each year and forced to convert to Islam"(para 13).
July 2, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In Guatemala, adolescent girls are at a high risk of being “disappeared,” with 8 out of every 10,000 girls between the ages of 15 and 17 reported missing each year" (para 8). Although reasons for disappearances vary by case, it is likely that many of these girls were trafficked (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"During the year UNICEF assisted 4,627 victims of sexual exploitation, including 1,671 children, of whom 228 reported being victims of sexual violence by armed men. According to a 2010 World Bank report, 26 percent of children living on the streets were girls, of whom 70 percent were victims of rape and 90 percent were victims of child sex trafficking" (p 43).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, IRP-DATA-2

"The number of offences consisting in forcing other persons to prostitution (art. 203 of the Penal Code) has been decreasing since 2007. In 2010, 28 offences of forcing other persons to prostitution were revealed, i.e. five fewer than in the previous year and 27 fewer than in 2007, when the largest number of offences in this category was revealed" (27).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-DATA-1

"One group working to support domestic workers has warned that 200 Sierra Leonean women are stranded and homeless in Oman. Many were trafficked there, tricked like Isha into thinking that a better life was waiting for them" (para 6).
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, ACR-DATA-1

"A group of 32 women who acted as surrogates for Chinese clients were found guilty of human trafficking and handed suspended jail terms with an order to raise their children 'well' in Cambodia’s first trial of surrogate mothers" (para 1). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand the previous year" (para 7). "After their arrest in July 2018, the 32 surrogates were detained for five months before being released on bail on compassionate grounds, on the condition that they look after the babies, some...more