The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...a definition of human trafficking was introduced into the Penal Code. The Act of 20 May 2010 amending the Act...entered into force on 8 September 2010...According to the definition: 'Trafficking in persons shall mean the recruitment, transportation, delivery, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person, by means of: (1) Coercion or illegal threat, (2) Abduction, (3) Deceit, (4) Deception, abuse of a person’s mistake or their inability to properly comprehend the action being undertaken, (5) Abuse of a relation of dependence, taking advantage of a critical situation or state of vulnerability, (6) Giving or receiving a financial or personal gain or a promise thereof to a person having custody of...more
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, ACR-LAW-1

"A group of 32 women who acted as surrogates for Chinese clients were found guilty of human trafficking and handed suspended jail terms with an order to raise their children “well” in Cambodia’s first trial of surrogate mothers. The 32 were arrested while pregnant in 2018 and, in the absence of laws covering surrogacy, charged under human trafficking laws, drawing criticism from human rights groups who said the women should be treated as victims" (para 1-2). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...in addition to the provision that envisages relevant actions, namely article 18 of Legislative Decree No. 286/98, Italy also adopted Act No. 228 of August 11, 2003 on 'Measures against trafficking', in order to strengthen the fight against criminal organizations involved in trafficking and slavery reduction-related activities" (44).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"While acknowledging the measures taken by the State party to combat trafficking in women and children, including the adoption of the Sexual Offences Act (2003) and the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants) Act (2004), the adoption of the United Kingdom Action Plan on Tackling Human Trafficking, and the launching of national multi-agency police operations (Operation Pentameter I and II), the Committee is concerned by the continuing prevalence and extent of this problem" (10).
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

“In March 2016, Pakistan introduced a law criminalising sexual assault against minors, child pornography and trafficking. Previously, only acts of rape and sodomy were punishable by law” (para 19).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous reports, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international instruments...the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children" (2).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

“Angola ratified the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, known as the Palermo Protocol, on 20 June 2010 (by means of National Assembly Resolution No. 21/10). It thus acknowledged the State’s duty to prevent and combat transnational organized crime and the need to take appropriate measures to combat it, including international cooperation and other measures at the regional level” (pp. 25). “Act No. 3/14 of 10 February on the criminalization of offences underlying money-laundering, article 19 (1), of which provides that ‘anyone who offers, delivers, bribes, accepts, transports, houses or shelters persons for purposes...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The House on Tuesday passed a package of bills aimed at stemming human trafficking" (1). It should be noted that it hasn't become a law yet (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

“The Committee is concerned at the absence of a law to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls” (6) According to the Committee, there are no laws to prevent, suppress, or punish trafficking in Vanuatu (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"Migrants and asylum seekers who are captured at sea and returned to Libyan territory are placed in detention under the GNA Interior Ministry, where many suffer inhumane conditions including beatings, sexual violence, extortion, forced labor, and inadequate medical treatment, food and water. The Department for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM), under the GNA Interior Ministry, manages the formal migrant detention centers, while smugglers and traffickers run informal ones" (para 34).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Mauritania abolished slavery in 1981, the world's last country to do so, and criminalized it in 2007" (para 20).
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The sanction of a law regarding trafficking (23.364) is an advance as it considers trafficking in persons a federal offense. Nonetheless, it is defficient as it considers that women 18 and older are not victims of traffickingg because it is understood that they gave their consent. These victims have to provide proof, despite the dace that in this situation, finding proof can prove to be impossible" (2).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"At present, the Criminal Code provides for punishment for the following acts of a violent nature: assault (art. 116), torture (art. 117), trafficking in persons (art. 130), recruitment of persons for the purpose of sexual or other exploitation (art. 132), rape (art. 138), sexual violence (art. 139), sexual coercion (art. 140), sexual intercourse or other sexual acts with a person under the age of 16 (art. 141), indecent acts (art. 142), bigamy or polygamy (art. 170), incitement to prostitution (art. 238), establishment or keeping of brothels, procurement or living off the earnings of prostitution (art. 239), among others" (8-9).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"(b) Amendments to the Penal Code criminalizing all forms of trafficking in persons, in 2012" (2).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for conviction of sexual exploitation of a child include fines and imprisonment of up to 20 years" (27).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The State of Guatemala issued Decree No. 9-2009, ‘Law against Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Trafficking in Persons’, the VET Law. The purpose of the Law is to prevent, suppress, punish and eliminate sexual violence, exploitation and trafficking in persons and to ensure that victims receive care and protection and are compensated for harm" (20).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"Organic Law No. 01/2012/OL of 2 May 2012 instituting the Penal Code, which prohibits the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography;" (2).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The 1961 Suppression of Prostitution Ordinance and portions of the penal code are intended to protect children from sexual exploitation though socioeconomic vulnerabilities led to the sexual exploitation of children, including sex trafficking, and authorities did not regularly enforce these laws" (43).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Since the Anti-Human Trafficking and Abduction Laws were passed in 2008, AWN and other civil-society advocacy groups have acknowledged the value of the initiatives undertaken by the Ministry of Justice." (8).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In Italy, all forms of THB are prohibited With the aim of harshening penalties, besides ensuring that all forms of trafficking are comprehensively punished, Legislative Decree 24/2014 amends Arts. 600 (Placing/holding a person in conditions of slavery or servitude) and 601 (Trafficking in persons). The Criminal Code specifically envisages prosecution in case of trafficking in children under ‘child prostitution’ (Art. 600-bis), ‘child pornography’ (Art. 600-ter) and ‘possession of pornographic material’ (Art. 600-quater). More specifically, this conduct is punished even if the crime is not committed by fraud, deceit, and threat or by promising or giving money." (para 67). "Plus, whoever commits THB shall be liable to imprisonment from 8 to...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Authorities found 30 of these offenders guilty of trafficking and referred them to the courts for trial. The cases involved forced labor, forced street begging, and sex trafficking" (30).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"There is as yet no law on human trafficking." (8). "Congolese legislation on trafficking in persons includes the following national, regional and international laws: (i) Act No. 18 of 31 May 2006 authorizing accession to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography; (ii) Palermo Protocol (ratified in March 2012); (iii) Act of 12 March 2012 authorizing the ratification of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime; (iv) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and...more
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Government of Japan achieved significant results by taking measures to combat trafficking in persons based on Japan’s Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Persons formulated in 2004. Specifically, the Government steadily implemented measures such as strengthening countermeasures at the border (including the introduction of e-passports), reviewing the criteria for landing permission for the status of residence of “entertainer” and stepping up visa examination, criminalizing the conduct of Buying or Selling of Human Beings, implementing thorough crackdowns, and revision of the Immigration Control Act to allow the flexible operation of special permission to stay in Japan to protect victims of trafficking in persons." (52). "Article 220. A person who unlawfully...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Amendment IX to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China approved in August 2015 strengthened protection of women, especially of girls under the age of 14, and specified harsher punishments for the crimes of raping girls under the age of 14 and abducting and trafficking in women and children" (para. 41).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalty for human trafficking with aggravating circumstances, which includes cases involving the exploitation of children, is up to life imprisonment" (20).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"A child protection code provides penalties for crimes against children such as trafficking, pornography, neglect, and abuse. Penalties for these crimes range from forced labor to fines of up to 10 million CFA francs ($17,667) and prison sentences of several years" (25). "The country is not a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor. Under the labor code, forced labor is punishable by a maximum of six months’ imprisonment, a fine, or both; forced child labor is punishable by one to three years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both. The law also provides for a penalty of 10 to 20 years’ imprisonment for the enrollment or use of children under the age of 18 in the armed forces or police. Penalties for violations were an insufficient deterrent, as the government did not effectively enforce the law" (page 49).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law considers unmarried persons under age 18 to be minors and prohibits their sexual exploitation, prostitution, and involvement in pornography. Anyone convicted of facilitating the sex trafficking of children is subject to a prison term of two to five years and a fine of 150,000 to one million Comorian francs ($338 to $2,250). Conviction of child pornography is punishable by fines or imprisonment. There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, with certain exceptions for military service,...more
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law prohibits the prostitution of children" (p. 16).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prescribes penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment for all forms of child trafficking, including the commercial sexual exploitation of children, but it was a problem" (p. 18).