The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Sept. 18, 2023, 12:36 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The commission has sent an official to Rajasthan to investigate the cases. The Bhilwara district collector, Ashish Modi, said the crimes were the first of their kind. 'They are total illegal. The police are investigating and we will make sure the victims get justice and the guilty are punished,' Modi said" (para.9).
Aug. 15, 2023, 6:17 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Law No. 2016-1111 of 8 December 2016 on the suppression of trafficking in persons" (1). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2016-1111 of 8 December 2016 on the suppression of trafficking in persons and the ongoing development on a national action plan for the period 2016–2020. It notes with concern, however, the high number of women and girls who are victims of trafficking and of exploitation of prostitution in the State party. The Committee is further concerned about the following: (a) The lack of information on the enforcement of Law No. 2016-1111 and on the implementation of the national strategy to combat trafficking in persons and its action...more
Aug. 8, 2023, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"After more than 10 years of enforcing Act No. 2005-06 and in view of the persistence of the phenomenon, it was important to take stock of the situation and assess achievements and shortcomings in order to draw useful lessons." (16). "It is in this context that the National Unit to Combat Trafficking in Persons, concerned with improving the effectiveness of the Act, commissioned a study to review the specific normative framework on trafficking in persons in order to better address the new challenges of organized crime. This study provided an opportunity to review the literature on trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants and the protection of victims, analyse data on...more
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Regarding the Committee’s COs around strengthening the implementation of the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act, including the allocation of adequate human, financial and technical resources, establishing appropriate protocols, and systematically collecting data, since government began enforcement of the Law Number 12/2013 (Anti-Human Trafficking Act) in 2013, PGO has been prosecuting cases, in collaboration with the Police. It has been observed that the majority of victims of human trafficking having been brought in for sex work, and a smaller number for forced labour." (16). "On the Committee’s CO to expedite the adoption of the bills pending before the parliament aimed at strengthening the State party’s administration of justice, in particular the...more
June 27, 2023, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"[T]he punishment for convicted kidnappers includes the death penalty" (30).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Human Trafficking Prevention Act (No. 896) was promulgated in 2015. The national police developed and carried out campaigns, plans and policies aimed at preventing, investigating, prosecuting and punishing trafficking in persons and providing support to victims." (11). "The Government of Nicaragua operates pursuant to the laws established and passed in accordance with procedures laid down in the Constitution, which has a separate legal status. Article 40 of the Constitution establishes that no one shall be subjected to servitude and prohibits all forms of slavery and trafficking." (13). "The Criminal Code (Act No. 641)... punishes sexual exploitation, pornography and paying for sex with adolescents, prohibits and punishes all forms of...more
May 22, 2023, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"A Chinese court has jailed six people for up to 11 years for the abuse of a woman whose appearance last year in an online video chained by the neck sparked a public outcry and calls for the better protection of women" (Para.1). "Another five people who bought and sold her were jailed for eight to 11 years for trafficking women, the court said" (Para.6).
May 19, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Money marriage tradition has existed since 1820 and is a custom that requires girls to be sold in exchange for the settlement of debt. The girls also referred to as 'money wives' or 'money wome', are married out in exchange for loans taken by their families. In most cases, the exchange is done without the girl’s consent and in other instances, the negotiation leading to the settlement of debt is done before her birth"(Para.2-3). "Over the past years, several ladies have recounted their gory experiences and how they were married off to settle the debts of their parents. Some girls were sold off as child brides to elderly men,...more
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"[I]n 2017, the legislation adopted included: the Anti-Corruption Act of 3 January 2017; the Protection of Children from Information Harmful to Their Health Act of 8 September 2017…"(3)(NF - CODER COMMENT - This act broadly states that children should be protected from sexual and labor exploitation, trafficking, along with exposure to violent, traumatic, and suicidal information. This law also bans the desimination of ideas including those that deny family values, promote debauchery and pornography, and inducing disrespect for parents and other family members.). "In accordance with the Anti-Human Trafficking Act of 17 April 2008, government agencies work to protect the rights and lawful interests of citizens who are victims of...more
March 31, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Act No. 82 of 2016 on illegal migration and smuggling of migrants, [says] it is a crime to smuggle, attempt to smuggle or facilitate the smuggling of migrants, and the penalty imposed is more severe if women are among the migrants being smuggled" (2). "Act No. 64 of 2010, of temporary, seasonal and contractual marriages, particularly in rural and remote areas and among women living in poverty [is prevalent], which are forms of trafficking and sexual exploitation of women" (8). This law promotes trafficking (MV-coder comment).
March 18, 2023, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Trafficking in human beings for whatever purpose is an act prohibited in the Constitution as well as the 2005 Revised Criminal Code...The Proclamation introduced clear provisions and stringent penalties, including a fine of up to 500,000 and death penalty where the victim suffers severe injury or death" (10).
March 17, 2023, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"[The Proclamation for the Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (Proclamation No. 909/2015)] also envisages for cooperation with destination as well as transit countries. Investigations, exchange of information and extradition agreements are expected to foster prosecution of human trafficking. To this end, Ethiopia adopted the IGAD Conventions on Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance. It also entered into bilateral extradition agreements with Sudan and Djibouti" (10).
March 15, 2023, 4:58 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria

“Adopting various United Nations declarations such as the 1993 UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women and the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action also has a morally and politically binding effect for Bulgaria. The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women establishes a number of international standards concerning the violence against women, and formulates universal measures necessary to combat such violence. Among these measures, the declaration defines sexual harassment at the workplace as one of the forms of violence against women. However, neither violence against women nor the trafficking of women receives adequate attention in Bulgaria” (50).
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Law Amending to the Criminal Code of Montenegro ('Official Gazette of Montenegro' No. 44/2017) introduced a new form of committing the criminal offense of concluding a void marriage (regulated by Article 214), in the case when a person is incited or taken abroad in intent to enter into marriage by force or threat" (9). "A new form of committing the criminal offense of concluding a void marriage has also been introduced..., in the case when a person is incited or taken abroad with the intention of entering a marriage by force or threat" (11). "Adoption of the Law Amending the Criminal Code of Montenegro ('Official Gazette of Montenegro' No....more
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"After the abolishment of harmful traditional practices of Kamlari, the freed Kamlaris have been socially reintegrated and are receiving scholarships, hostel facility and other economic opportunities" (8)(NF -CODER COMMENT - The Kamlari system is an old system in which girls as young as 5 years old to work as indentured servants. In return, the families of the Kamlari are promised an annuel salary of $50 per year with the promise of providing an education to said girls though this rarely occurs nor are the girls returned to their families). "Positive activism manifested by the Judiciary has encouraged the process of legal and administrative reforms along with developing institutional capacity to...more
Feb. 18, 2023, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"This is despite Malawi’s robust legal framework which offers protections for women and girls against sex trafficking in its various manifestations. Malawi enacted its Trafficking in Persons Act, 2015 to make provision for the prevention and elimination of trafficking in persons including for sexual exploitation. The Act prescribes punishment of up to 14 years imprisonment for offenses involving an adult and up to 21 years imprisonment for those involving a child. The Child Care, Protection and Justice Act prescribes offenses of trafficking involving children and imposes a life sentence." (Para.2). "In order to realize their regional and international obligations under the Palermo Protocol and the Maputo Protocol, the government of...more
Feb. 6, 2023, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee [on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women] welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2015 of the State party's previous report in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of…The Criminal Code, criminalizing bride kidnapping, forced marriage and child marriage" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of more severe penalties for bride kidnapping of women and girls for the purposes of child marriage and forced marriage" (5).
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The purpose of the Act is to give effect to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; to criminalise trafficking in persons and related offences; to protect and assist victims of trafficking in persons, especially women and children; to provide for the coordinated implementation and administration of this Act; and to provide for incidental matters." (4)(NF -CODER COMMENT - The act in question is in regard to the Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act, Act No. 1 of 2018). "The Child care and Protection is aimed at giving effect to the rights of children as contained in the Namibian Constitution and...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Selling human organs is a crime under Nepali law. Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Rules, 2014 prohibits the sale of tissues and organs in India. The laws mandate that organs and tissues could only be accepted from registered donors. However, fake documents are easily made in both India and Nepal. 'Some university students helped in forging documents needed for donation,' says Basgai." (para 16) (NF- CODER COMMENT - The trafficking of women for their organs is against Nepali law, however, the forgery of documents labeling said victims as 'donors' allows traffickers to circumevent these laws).
Jan. 12, 2023, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...the trafficking of Nicaraguan children was banned…" (para 13)(NF- CODER COMMENT - Not only does this state the the trafficking of Nicaraguan children was legal, but it can also be seen as an indicator of the trafficking of women. Considering that it was legal to traffick children, then more than likely the trafficking of women was also legal or socially acceptable).
Dec. 29, 2022, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"In March, some party members at the National People's Congress suggested strengthening laws protecting women, and increasing punishments for human trafficking. But these have yet to materialise, and the Chinese Communist Party leadership has not signalled any changes" (para 34-35).
Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced and compulsory labor. The government effectively enforced the law, but penalties were not commensurate with those for other serious crimes. The law places responsibility for complying with legal provisions on temporary employment agencies and employers of temporary workers" (20).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of the Republic of Djibouti contains provisions that punish trafficking in women and girls. The acts covered include offences against public morality: prostitution, incitement to debauchery and prostitution, indecent assault and rape (in the case of rape, the penalties are very severe and act as a deterrent)" (15). "Moreover, the Government has acceded to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, ratified by Act No. 95/AN/05/5 L on the ratification of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its additional protocols" (15). "Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children..." (15). "Act No....more
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In lieu of a comprehensive law on gender equality, the Government systematically include specific articles on discrimination and equality in key legal acts such as the 2017 Law against Trafficking in Persons (Law N° 3/2017 – Art. 3),1…" (6). "In addition to the enactment of the bills on trafficking and land, the expropriation law (Law N° 8/2017)..." (6). "The Law on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking was adopted in January 2017 as Law N° 3/2017 under the initiative of the Counter Trafficking Inter-Agency Working Group set up in 2016. A draft of the revised National Action Plan on Human Trafficking has already been developed with IOM support. However, as the...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Since 2012, measures undertaken to strengthen the legal and policy framework to address TIPs include enacting: Law No. 31/2014 regarding witness and victim protection as the legal instrument to give legal certainty on the protection of witness and/or victim of the crime of trafficking of persons. LPSK will also give protection for justice collaborators and whistle-blowers; Law No. 12/2017 about the Ratification of ASEAN Convention against TIPs Especially Women and Children. The ratification is expected to increase the effectiveness of prevention and eradication of the crime of TIPs, especially women and children, giving the protection and aid to the victim" (21). "In the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia...more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act, in 2015" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption in 2015 of the Modern Slavery Act, the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) and the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act, which introduce new criminal offences for trafficking in persons, slavery, servitude and forced and compulsory labour. However, the Committee is concerned that the definition of trafficking as set out in the Modern Slavery Act is conditioned on travel of the victim" (8).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Decision Amending the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women, which was adopted in 2005, added provisions that prohibit any action that 'obstructs the rescue of women who are abducted, trafficked, or kidnapped', or any action that 'arranges for, forces or lures women to give obscene performances'" (26).
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Closer to home in Australia, and in this light, there must be a rethink of some of the decisions taken by state governments to decriminalise prostitution (such as has happened recently in Victoria and is currently being considered by the Queensland government). The trafficking of women is a global enterprise. It may not be specifically Ukrainian women who are trafficked to Australia to meet the increased demand created by decriminalisation, but it will be vulnerable women from somewhere. Changes to the laws here put vulnerable women from our neighbouring countries at risk. The Nordic Model has the most potential and the proven track record to stamp out the people smuggling...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In Switzerland, the main purpose of trafficking in human beings is the sexual exploitation of women. In recent years, the number of investigations and verdicts on trafficking in human beings has been growing, as inter-cantonal and international cooperation has become much greater. Even now, in Switzerland, cases of human trafficking with the aim of exploiting the victims’ labour rarely give rise to prosecution, which suggests that the offence remains hidden. Police investigations would indicate that the following sectors are particularly vulnerable to this form of exploitation: care, housekeeping, agriculture, and hotels and restaurants. The measures taken against human trafficking for the exploitation of labour are focused on preventive legislation such...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and 'slavery or a relationship similar to slavery'" (36).