The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

March 18, 2023, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Trafficking in human beings for whatever purpose is an act prohibited in the Constitution as well as the 2005 Revised Criminal Code...The Proclamation introduced clear provisions and stringent penalties, including a fine of up to 500,000 and death penalty where the victim suffers severe injury or death" (10).
March 17, 2023, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"[The Proclamation for the Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (Proclamation No. 909/2015)] also envisages for cooperation with destination as well as transit countries. Investigations, exchange of information and extradition agreements are expected to foster prosecution of human trafficking. To this end, Ethiopia adopted the IGAD Conventions on Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance. It also entered into bilateral extradition agreements with Sudan and Djibouti" (10).
March 15, 2023, 4:58 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria

“Adopting various United Nations declarations such as the 1993 UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women and the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action also has a morally and politically binding effect for Bulgaria. The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women establishes a number of international standards concerning the violence against women, and formulates universal measures necessary to combat such violence. Among these measures, the declaration defines sexual harassment at the workplace as one of the forms of violence against women. However, neither violence against women nor the trafficking of women receives adequate attention in Bulgaria” (50).
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Law Amending to the Criminal Code of Montenegro ('Official Gazette of Montenegro' No. 44/2017) introduced a new form of committing the criminal offense of concluding a void marriage (regulated by Article 214), in the case when a person is incited or taken abroad in intent to enter into marriage by force or threat" (9). "A new form of committing the criminal offense of concluding a void marriage has also been introduced..., in the case when a person is incited or taken abroad with the intention of entering a marriage by force or threat" (11). "Adoption of the Law Amending the Criminal Code of Montenegro ('Official Gazette of Montenegro' No....more
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"After the abolishment of harmful traditional practices of Kamlari, the freed Kamlaris have been socially reintegrated and are receiving scholarships, hostel facility and other economic opportunities" (8)(NF -CODER COMMENT - The Kamlari system is an old system in which girls as young as 5 years old to work as indentured servants. In return, the families of the Kamlari are promised an annuel salary of $50 per year with the promise of providing an education to said girls though this rarely occurs nor are the girls returned to their families). "Positive activism manifested by the Judiciary has encouraged the process of legal and administrative reforms along with developing institutional capacity to...more
Feb. 18, 2023, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"This is despite Malawi’s robust legal framework which offers protections for women and girls against sex trafficking in its various manifestations. Malawi enacted its Trafficking in Persons Act, 2015 to make provision for the prevention and elimination of trafficking in persons including for sexual exploitation. The Act prescribes punishment of up to 14 years imprisonment for offenses involving an adult and up to 21 years imprisonment for those involving a child. The Child Care, Protection and Justice Act prescribes offenses of trafficking involving children and imposes a life sentence." (Para.2). "In order to realize their regional and international obligations under the Palermo Protocol and the Maputo Protocol, the government of...more
Feb. 6, 2023, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee [on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women] welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2015 of the State party's previous report in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of…The Criminal Code, criminalizing bride kidnapping, forced marriage and child marriage" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of more severe penalties for bride kidnapping of women and girls for the purposes of child marriage and forced marriage" (5).
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The purpose of the Act is to give effect to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; to criminalise trafficking in persons and related offences; to protect and assist victims of trafficking in persons, especially women and children; to provide for the coordinated implementation and administration of this Act; and to provide for incidental matters." (4)(NF -CODER COMMENT - The act in question is in regard to the Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act, Act No. 1 of 2018). "The Child care and Protection is aimed at giving effect to the rights of children as contained in the Namibian Constitution and...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Selling human organs is a crime under Nepali law. Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Rules, 2014 prohibits the sale of tissues and organs in India. The laws mandate that organs and tissues could only be accepted from registered donors. However, fake documents are easily made in both India and Nepal. 'Some university students helped in forging documents needed for donation,' says Basgai." (para 16) (NF- CODER COMMENT - The trafficking of women for their organs is against Nepali law, however, the forgery of documents labeling said victims as 'donors' allows traffickers to circumevent these laws).
Jan. 12, 2023, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...the trafficking of Nicaraguan children was banned…" (para 13)(NF- CODER COMMENT - Not only does this state the the trafficking of Nicaraguan children was legal, but it can also be seen as an indicator of the trafficking of women. Considering that it was legal to traffick children, then more than likely the trafficking of women was also legal or socially acceptable).
Dec. 29, 2022, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"In March, some party members at the National People's Congress suggested strengthening laws protecting women, and increasing punishments for human trafficking. But these have yet to materialise, and the Chinese Communist Party leadership has not signalled any changes" (para 34-35).
Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced and compulsory labor. The government effectively enforced the law, but penalties were not commensurate with those for other serious crimes. The law places responsibility for complying with legal provisions on temporary employment agencies and employers of temporary workers" (20).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of the Republic of Djibouti contains provisions that punish trafficking in women and girls. The acts covered include offences against public morality: prostitution, incitement to debauchery and prostitution, indecent assault and rape (in the case of rape, the penalties are very severe and act as a deterrent)" (15). "Moreover, the Government has acceded to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, ratified by Act No. 95/AN/05/5 L on the ratification of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its additional protocols" (15). "Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children..." (15). "Act No....more
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In lieu of a comprehensive law on gender equality, the Government systematically include specific articles on discrimination and equality in key legal acts such as the 2017 Law against Trafficking in Persons (Law N° 3/2017 – Art. 3),1…" (6). "In addition to the enactment of the bills on trafficking and land, the expropriation law (Law N° 8/2017)..." (6). "The Law on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking was adopted in January 2017 as Law N° 3/2017 under the initiative of the Counter Trafficking Inter-Agency Working Group set up in 2016. A draft of the revised National Action Plan on Human Trafficking has already been developed with IOM support. However, as the...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Since 2012, measures undertaken to strengthen the legal and policy framework to address TIPs include enacting: Law No. 31/2014 regarding witness and victim protection as the legal instrument to give legal certainty on the protection of witness and/or victim of the crime of trafficking of persons. LPSK will also give protection for justice collaborators and whistle-blowers; Law No. 12/2017 about the Ratification of ASEAN Convention against TIPs Especially Women and Children. The ratification is expected to increase the effectiveness of prevention and eradication of the crime of TIPs, especially women and children, giving the protection and aid to the victim" (21). "In the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia...more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act, in 2015" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption in 2015 of the Modern Slavery Act, the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) and the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act, which introduce new criminal offences for trafficking in persons, slavery, servitude and forced and compulsory labour. However, the Committee is concerned that the definition of trafficking as set out in the Modern Slavery Act is conditioned on travel of the victim" (8).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Decision Amending the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women, which was adopted in 2005, added provisions that prohibit any action that 'obstructs the rescue of women who are abducted, trafficked, or kidnapped', or any action that 'arranges for, forces or lures women to give obscene performances'" (26).
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Closer to home in Australia, and in this light, there must be a rethink of some of the decisions taken by state governments to decriminalise prostitution (such as has happened recently in Victoria and is currently being considered by the Queensland government). The trafficking of women is a global enterprise. It may not be specifically Ukrainian women who are trafficked to Australia to meet the increased demand created by decriminalisation, but it will be vulnerable women from somewhere. Changes to the laws here put vulnerable women from our neighbouring countries at risk. The Nordic Model has the most potential and the proven track record to stamp out the people smuggling...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In Switzerland, the main purpose of trafficking in human beings is the sexual exploitation of women. In recent years, the number of investigations and verdicts on trafficking in human beings has been growing, as inter-cantonal and international cooperation has become much greater. Even now, in Switzerland, cases of human trafficking with the aim of exploiting the victims’ labour rarely give rise to prosecution, which suggests that the offence remains hidden. Police investigations would indicate that the following sectors are particularly vulnerable to this form of exploitation: care, housekeeping, agriculture, and hotels and restaurants. The measures taken against human trafficking for the exploitation of labour are focused on preventive legislation such...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and 'slavery or a relationship similar to slavery'" (36).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"With regard to trafficking in women and minors, the Penal Code has been revised in 2006. As a direct result both sexes are protected against trafficking while the penalties have been extended, especially when victims who are minors are involved. Forced prostitution is now punishable and is related to trafficking in persons" (9). "Systematic efforts both at governmental and non governmental level resulted in legislation combating human trafficking" (16). "The revision of the Surinamese Penal Code (2006), which now explicitly penalizes all forms of internal and cross border human trafficking, including child prostitution and trafficking is a clear result of these efforts. As a result of the revision, both sexes...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama, Panama
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-5, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation, sale, and offering for prostitution of children, in addition to child pornography…" (13).
April 18, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"A family court judge has ruled that a couple whose adult son who was born through surrogacy in the US are his legal parents under English law, in what has been proclaimed a 'groundbreaking' victory. Solicitor Jade Quirke, based with law firm Russell-Cooke, said Mrs Justice Theis's ruling is the first of its kind, adding that no such ruling had been made in relation to an adult child before" (para 1-2). "The judge said she had therefore had to consider the provisions of 2008 the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act" (para 8). "Surrogacy agreements are not enforceable by UK law, even if you have a signed document with your surrogate...more
April 18, 2022, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2007 of the State party’s second report in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption or establishment of the ...Act on Trafficking in Persons (No. 6/2008), which criminalizes trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour" (1-2).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The criminal code... addresses various elements of child abuse, including in sections on sexual assault, rape, trafficking in persons" (25).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the sexual exploitation of children, with a minimum penalty for conviction of 10 years in prison. Consensual sex is illegal outside of marriage, carrying a minimum penalty of one year in prison. The penalty for conviction of sex with children younger than 14 is life imprisonment. Distribution and consumption of child pornography is illegal" (30).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"...Persons who offer to purchase, acquire, sell, transport, or hold a child in captivity are subject to imprisonment for three to 12 years. The Office of the Ombudsman for Children’s Rights reported receiving no complaints of alleged sexual exploitation of children during the year..." (13).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The ISF, DGS, and judicial officials improved enforcement of the country’s antitrafficking law, which prohibits the sexual exploitation of children" (34).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...The law prohibits child sex trafficking, with a minimum penalty of 12 years in prison. Government officials, police, NGOs, civil society leaders, and journalists identified numerous cases of child sex trafficking during the year. The country remained a destination for child sex tourism" (15).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

" addition to the provision that envisages relevant actions, namely article 18 of Legislative Decree No. 286/98, Italy also adopted Act No. 228 of August 11, 2003 on 'Measures against trafficking', in order to strengthen the fight against criminal organizations involved in trafficking and slavery reduction-related activities" (44).