The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced and compulsory labor. The government effectively enforced the law, but penalties were not commensurate with those for other serious crimes. The law places responsibility for complying with legal provisions on temporary employment agencies and employers of temporary workers" (20).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Criminal Code of the Republic of Djibouti contains provisions that punish trafficking in women and girls. The acts covered include offences against public morality: prostitution, incitement to debauchery and prostitution, indecent assault and rape (in the case of rape, the penalties are very severe and act as a deterrent)" (15). "Moreover, the Government has acceded to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, ratified by Act No. 95/AN/05/5 L on the ratification of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its additional protocols" (15). "Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children..." (15). "Act No....more
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In lieu of a comprehensive law on gender equality, the Government systematically include specific articles on discrimination and equality in key legal acts such as the 2017 Law against Trafficking in Persons (Law N° 3/2017 – Art. 3),1…" (6). "In addition to the enactment of the bills on trafficking and land, the expropriation law (Law N° 8/2017)..." (6). "The Law on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking was adopted in January 2017 as Law N° 3/2017 under the initiative of the Counter Trafficking Inter-Agency Working Group set up in 2016. A draft of the revised National Action Plan on Human Trafficking has already been developed with IOM support. However, as the...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Since 2012, measures undertaken to strengthen the legal and policy framework to address TIPs include enacting: Law No. 31/2014 regarding witness and victim protection as the legal instrument to give legal certainty on the protection of witness and/or victim of the crime of trafficking of persons. LPSK will also give protection for justice collaborators and whistle-blowers; Law No. 12/2017 about the Ratification of ASEAN Convention against TIPs Especially Women and Children. The ratification is expected to increase the effectiveness of prevention and eradication of the crime of TIPs, especially women and children, giving the protection and aid to the victim" (21). "In the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia...more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act, in 2015" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption in 2015 of the Modern Slavery Act, the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) and the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act, which introduce new criminal offences for trafficking in persons, slavery, servitude and forced and compulsory labour. However, the Committee is concerned that the definition of trafficking as set out in the Modern Slavery Act is conditioned on travel of the victim" (8).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Decision Amending the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women, which was adopted in 2005, added provisions that prohibit any action that 'obstructs the rescue of women who are abducted, trafficked, or kidnapped', or any action that 'arranges for, forces or lures women to give obscene performances'" (26).
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Closer to home in Australia, and in this light, there must be a rethink of some of the decisions taken by state governments to decriminalise prostitution (such as has happened recently in Victoria and is currently being considered by the Queensland government). The trafficking of women is a global enterprise. It may not be specifically Ukrainian women who are trafficked to Australia to meet the increased demand created by decriminalisation, but it will be vulnerable women from somewhere. Changes to the laws here put vulnerable women from our neighbouring countries at risk. The Nordic Model has the most potential and the proven track record to stamp out the people smuggling...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In Switzerland, the main purpose of trafficking in human beings is the sexual exploitation of women. In recent years, the number of investigations and verdicts on trafficking in human beings has been growing, as inter-cantonal and international cooperation has become much greater. Even now, in Switzerland, cases of human trafficking with the aim of exploiting the victims’ labour rarely give rise to prosecution, which suggests that the offence remains hidden. Police investigations would indicate that the following sectors are particularly vulnerable to this form of exploitation: care, housekeeping, agriculture, and hotels and restaurants. The measures taken against human trafficking for the exploitation of labour are focused on preventive legislation such...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits forced and compulsory labor. The law also prohibits all forms of labor trafficking and 'slavery or a relationship similar to slavery'" (36).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"With regard to trafficking in women and minors, the Penal Code has been revised in 2006. As a direct result both sexes are protected against trafficking while the penalties have been extended, especially when victims who are minors are involved. Forced prostitution is now punishable and is related to trafficking in persons" (9). "Systematic efforts both at governmental and non governmental level resulted in legislation combating human trafficking" (16). "The revision of the Surinamese Penal Code (2006), which now explicitly penalizes all forms of internal and cross border human trafficking, including child prostitution and trafficking is a clear result of these efforts. As a result of the revision, both sexes...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama, Panama
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-5, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation, sale, and offering for prostitution of children, in addition to child pornography…" (13).
April 18, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"A family court judge has ruled that a couple whose adult son who was born through surrogacy in the US are his legal parents under English law, in what has been proclaimed a 'groundbreaking' victory. Solicitor Jade Quirke, based with law firm Russell-Cooke, said Mrs Justice Theis's ruling is the first of its kind, adding that no such ruling had been made in relation to an adult child before" (para 1-2). "The judge said she had therefore had to consider the provisions of 2008 the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act" (para 8). "Surrogacy agreements are not enforceable by UK law, even if you have a signed document with your surrogate...more
April 18, 2022, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2007 of the State party’s second report in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption or establishment of the ...Act on Trafficking in Persons (No. 6/2008), which criminalizes trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour" (1-2).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The criminal code... addresses various elements of child abuse, including in sections on sexual assault, rape, trafficking in persons" (25).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the sexual exploitation of children, with a minimum penalty for conviction of 10 years in prison. Consensual sex is illegal outside of marriage, carrying a minimum penalty of one year in prison. The penalty for conviction of sex with children younger than 14 is life imprisonment. Distribution and consumption of child pornography is illegal" (30).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"...Persons who offer to purchase, acquire, sell, transport, or hold a child in captivity are subject to imprisonment for three to 12 years. The Office of the Ombudsman for Children’s Rights reported receiving no complaints of alleged sexual exploitation of children during the year..." (13).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The ISF, DGS, and judicial officials improved enforcement of the country’s antitrafficking law, which prohibits the sexual exploitation of children" (34).
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...The law prohibits child sex trafficking, with a minimum penalty of 12 years in prison. Government officials, police, NGOs, civil society leaders, and journalists identified numerous cases of child sex trafficking during the year. The country remained a destination for child sex tourism" (15).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...in addition to the provision that envisages relevant actions, namely article 18 of Legislative Decree No. 286/98, Italy also adopted Act No. 228 of August 11, 2003 on 'Measures against trafficking', in order to strengthen the fight against criminal organizations involved in trafficking and slavery reduction-related activities" (44).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"Commercial sexual exploitation of children continued. It is an offense for any person to buy or hire a child younger than age 18 for sex, exploitation in prostitution, or other unlawful purpose; the offense is punishable by a maximum 12 years’ imprisonment. No prosecutions or convictions for trafficking of children occurred during the year. It is an offense for a householder or innkeeper to allow commercial sexual exploitation of children in his or her premises. There were no known prosecutions or convictions for such offenses during the year" (17).
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalties for sexual offenses against children and the commercial sexual exploitation of children range up to life imprisonment" (16). "The law permits punishment of up to life imprisonment for all trafficking and slavery offenses, including sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and forced servitude... The law allows courts to impose reparation orders on convicted exploiters and prevention orders to ensure that those who pose a risk of committing modern slavery offenses cannot work in relevant fields, such as with children" (22). "While criminal laws prohibit trafficking in children for sexual exploitation, they do not address trafficking in children for labor exploitation. Laws do not exist in Monserrat regarding the use of...more
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Sexual exploitation of children remained a problem. The law prohibits sexual exploitation of a minor or facilitating the sexual exploitation of a minor and stipulates a penalty of 14 to 25 years in prison, with aggravated penalties for perpetrators who are family members of the victim and for cases of sexual tourism, forced marriage, or sexual exploitation by illegal armed groups. The law prohibits pornography using children younger than 18 and stipulates a penalty of 10 to 20 years in prison and a fine for violations. The minimum age for consensual sex is 14. The penalty for sexual activity with a child younger than 14 ranges from nine to 13...more
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"According to the Ministry of Children and Youth, child trafficking for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation or forced domestic servitude remained problematic. The law provides penalties of up to eight years of imprisonment for persons responsible for pimping or brokering victims younger than 17 years of age" (15). "...The Special Directorate to Fight the Trafficking of Persons and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, however, increased child and forced labor investigations in the Chaco region, where the worst forms of child labor, human trafficking, and debt bondage were most prevalent. Penalties for violations include up to 20 years in prison, but enforcement was minimal, and penalties were insufficient to deter...more
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law also criminalizes sexual corruption of minors (which includes subjecting minors to sexual acts other than intercourse or forcing minors to perform such acts), luring minors for sexual purposes or child prostitution, and trafficking in minors" (24-25).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law also imposes heavy penalties on persons convicted of sexually exploiting persons younger than 18, including for pimping, trafficking, and other sexual crimes against children" (35). "The law protects children from child trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation, use in illicit activities, and forced labor" (46).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Child Protection Law provides for protection against physical and sexual abuse; removal of children from parents who are unable to protect, assist, and educate them; and juvenile courts to deal with matters of adoption, maintenance, and regulating parental power. Juvenile courts have wide discretion with regard to sentencing, but the law requires a minimum of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for conviction of trafficking in persons" (17). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 for boys and girls. The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. Authorities partially enforced the law, but exploitation of children and child prostitution remained a problem. Girls were exploited...more
Feb. 4, 2022, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, PRN-LAW-1

"Commercial sexual exploitation of children younger than 18 is illegal, both in the country and abroad when committed by a citizen of the country. In both cases the punishment is either a fine or a prison sentence of up to two years. Child pornography is also illegal and punishable by a fine or a prison sentence of up to three years. The government generally enforced the law. The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (12).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Antitrafficking legislation provides a penalty of hard labor for recruitment and incitement to prostitution involving a child younger than 18, the sexual exploitation of a child younger than 15, and the commercial sexual exploitation of a child younger than 18. Both the penal code and antitrafficking laws specify penalties of two to five years’ imprisonment and fines up to 10 million ariary ($2,700) for perpetrators of child pornography. Authorities rarely enforced the provisions. There is no minimum legal age for consensual sex" (23).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Some states have laws to curb sex trafficking and sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service" (46).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The government enacted an anti-trafficking-in-persons (TIP) law in 2016 that prohibits human trafficking and outlines definitions distinguishing trafficking and smuggling. The law provides language that the 'means' element generally needed to prosecute TIP cases is not required when the victim is a minor" (19).