The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children... Amendments to the Penal Code which entered into force in January provided stricter penalties for the sexual exploitation of children" (15)
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 years. The law criminalizes the commercial sexual exploitation of children and provides sentences of up to 16 years in prison for violations. The law provides for sentences of two to 10 years in prison for statutory rape and three to eight years in prison for child pornography. The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (11).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial exploitation of children and child pornography and defines purchasing commercial sex acts from a child as a trafficking offense. The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation. The maximum penalty for child rape is 40 years in prison plus a lifetime ban from political office. The production, possession, and distribution of child pornography are illegal, and penalties range from one month to life in prison, plus fines of from 50,000 to five million pesos ($935 to $93,500), depending on the gravity of the offense" (29).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation, abduction, and trafficking of children and includes severe penalties for child pornography and possession of pedophilic materials. Authorities enforced the law. The penalties for producing and disseminating child pornography range up to 15 years’ imprisonment and up to one year in prison for possessing such material. Local girls and foreign children were subjected to sex trafficking within the country" (10).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the use, recruitment, or offering of children for commercial sex or pornographic films, pictures, or events. Violators can receive prison sentences ranging from five to 20 years and fines of five million to 50 million CFA francs ($8,500 to $85,000)" (22-23). "The constitution explicitly prohibits human trafficking, including forced labor and child labor. The law criminalizes all forms of human trafficking, including for the purposes of forced labor or slavery, and the worst forms of child labor" (26). "The law prohibits child trafficking and the worst forms of child labor" (27).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

"Government resources dedicated to prevention of forced labor, including inspections and remediation, and enforcement of the law remained inadequate. Penalties ranging from three to 15 years’ imprisonment were sufficient to deter violations, and convictions remained low. Convicted offenders frequently avoided imprisonment, undercutting enforcement efforts and victim protections, according to NGOs and media. Government efforts to prevent and eliminate forced labor during the year included a countrywide awareness campaign and training security forces to identify, flag, and direct victims to assistance services. In 2018 courts convicted and sentenced 25 traffickers (17 sex trafficking and eight forced labor), compared with 12 in 2017 (one sex trafficking and 11 forced labor)" (15).more
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"By law sexual relations with a minor younger than 13, with an “especially vulnerable” person, or with a minor younger than 16 when the perpetrator is a relative or guardian, are punishable with a mandatory sentence of 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits the forced prostitution and corruption of minors. Penalties range from 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment in cases of forced labor and some forms of sex trafficking of women and girls. The law requires a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute child sex trafficking. The law prohibits the production and sale of child pornography and establishes penalties of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment" (28)....more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, PRN-LAW-1

"Throughout the kingdom, the law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children as well as production, possession, and distribution of child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age of consent is 16 in the Netherlands, Curacao, and Aruba and 15 in Sint Maarten. The Netherlands is a source country of child sex tourists. The government ran campaigns to encourage travelers to report suspicions of child sex tourism. An offender can be tried in the Netherlands even if the offense takes place abroad" (14).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"No PA law specifically prohibits trafficking in persons" (99). "PA law does not expressly forbid forced or compulsory labor or human trafficking" (103).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes human trafficking, including child sex trafficking" (24).
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child trafficking across international borders is punishable by seven to 15 years’ imprisonment" (29).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children and mandates a minimum sentence of eight years in prison. The penalty for conviction of encouraging or facilitating child prostitution is up to 10 years’ imprisonment; if violence or pressure is involved, a judge may double the sentence" (57).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalty for recruiting children or persons with disabilities into prostitution is imprisonment from one to five years. The penalty for subjecting children to prostitution is imprisonment from four to six years. The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (17).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, the offering or procuring of a child for child prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Authorities enforced the law, and cases were rare. Penalties for the sexual exploitation of children range from five years’ to life imprisonment. Amendments to the penal code provide that a client having consciously committed a commercial sexual act with a minor can be sentenced to one to five years of imprisonment and a fine of 251 to 50,000 euros ($280 to $55,000)" (10).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for child prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. The minimum prison sentence for child rape is eight years. Molesting a child younger than 16 is punishable by imprisonment for up to five years. The same offense committed against a child younger than 14 is punishable by imprisonment for five to eight years. The age of consent is 16" (45).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all acts of sale or deprivation of liberty of children as well as all acts related to the exploitation of children in prostitution and forced child labor for children under 16... Sentences for those convicted range from three years’ to life imprisonment, and fines range from five million to 50 million VND ($220 to $2,200)" (32). "In January penal code amendments entered into effect that criminalized all forms of labor trafficking of adults and children younger than 16. The penalties were not sufficient to deter violations; in fact, the law does not provide any penalty for violating provisions prohibiting forced labor" (39).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"There are laws against child abuse, including against ...trafficking, kidnapping, child prostitution, and child pornography. The government actively worked to combat child abuse. Penalties are generally severe" (22).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation, sale, offering, or procuring children for prostitution and practices related to child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age for consensual sex is 14 years unless the older partner is older than 18 and is 'exploiting a coercive situation' or offering compensation, and the younger partner is under 16. It is also illegal for a person who is 21 or older to have sex with a child younger than 16 if the older person 'exploits the victim’s lack of capacity for sexual self-determination.' The government’s Independent Commissioner for Child Sex Abuse Issues offered a sexual abuse help online portal and an anonymous...more
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Sexual exploitation of children, adolescents, and other vulnerable persons is punishable by four to 10 years in prison. The law defines sexual exploitation as child sex trafficking, sexual activity, production of child pornography, and public or private sex shows. The government enforced the law unevenly. The law sets a minimum age of 14 for consensual sex, with the penalty for statutory rape ranging from eight to 15 years in prison. While no specific laws address child sex tourism, it is punishable under other criminal offenses. The country was a destination for child sex tourism. In addition, girls from other South American nations were exploited in sex trafficking in the country"...more
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children, including commercial sexual exploitation. Penalties for the sexual exploitation of both adults and children are six months to three years in prison and a fine of between 20,000 and one million CFA francs ($33 and $1,661). Penalties for convicted child traffickers are five to 20 years in prison. Penalties for indecent assault, including child pornography, range from five to 20 years in prison. The country has a statutory rape law that defines 18 as the minimum age for consensual sex. The law, which was inconsistent with the legal minimum marriage age of 15 for girls, was not enforced. Sexual exploitation of children...more
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of trafficking and prescribes punishments of two to 10 years in prison for violations, with longer sentences in the presence of aggravating circumstances" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: (a) Law on Combating Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants, under which sex and labour trafficking are criminalized, in 2017" (1). "The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:...(b) Criminal Code, which contains provisions regarding crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes and under which rape, sex and labour trafficking...are prohibited...promulgated...more
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Additionally, the law allows for capital punishment in less serious crimes such as ... trafficking in persons" (2).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-5

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Persons who forced girls younger than 14 into prostitution could be sentenced to 10 years to life in prison in addition to a fine or confiscation of property. In especially serious cases, violators could receive a life sentence or death sentence, in addition to having their property confiscated" (70-71). "Laws aimed at stopping child trafficking may not apply to boys ages 14-17" (83).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. Conviction of trafficking of children and taking a child from home for sexual exploitation carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. A person convicted of meeting a child for the purpose of sexual exploitation faces a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment. The Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses) Act sets a maximum fine of 5,000 euros ($5,500) and includes new offenses relating to child sexual grooming and child pornography. The minimum age for consensual sex is 17" (11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"According to UNAMA, the Taliban and ISIS-K continued to use children for front- line fighting and setting IEDs. While the law protects trafficking victims from prosecution for crimes committed as a result of being subjected to trafficking, it was unclear if the government would treat child former combatants as trafficking victims or penalize them as combatants" (16). "The government took steps to discourage the abuse of boys and to prosecute or punish those involved. The penal code criminalizes bacha bazi as a separate crime and builds on the 2017 Law to Combat Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling in Migrants (TIP Law), which includes provisions criminalizing behaviors associated with...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In April 2012 amendments were adopted to the Penal Code criminalising all elements of specific crimes of human trafficking in accordance with the relevant international law. The new legislation was drafted in close cooperation with the NGOs. According to the new regulation, trafficking in persons is defined as placing a person in a situation where he or she is forced to work under unusual conditions, engage in prostitution, beg, commit a criminal offence or perform other disagreeable duties, or keeping a person in such situation, if such act is performed through deprivation of liberty, vi olence, deceit, threatening to cause damage, by taking advantage of dependence on another person, helpless...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The government used the law to prosecute both sex tourists and citizens for the sexual exploitation of children. The law provides penalties ranging from two to 20 years in prison for commercial sexual exploitation of children" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for both sex and labor trafficking include fines and imprisonment, but enforcement was insufficient to deter violations" (p 26).