The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of trafficking and prescribes punishments of two to 10 years in prison for violations, with longer sentences in the presence of aggravating circumstances" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: (a) Law on Combating Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants, under which sex and labour trafficking are criminalized, in 2017" (1). "The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2013 of the State party’s combined initial and second periodic reports in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:...(b) Criminal Code, which contains provisions regarding crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes and under which rape, sex and labour trafficking...are prohibited...promulgated...more
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Additionally, the law allows for capital punishment in less serious crimes such as ... trafficking in persons" (2).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-5

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Persons who forced girls younger than 14 into prostitution could be sentenced to 10 years to life in prison in addition to a fine or confiscation of property. In especially serious cases, violators could receive a life sentence or death sentence, in addition to having their property confiscated" (70-71). "Laws aimed at stopping child trafficking may not apply to boys ages 14-17" (83).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. Conviction of trafficking of children and taking a child from home for sexual exploitation carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. A person convicted of meeting a child for the purpose of sexual exploitation faces a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment. The Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses) Act sets a maximum fine of 5,000 euros ($5,500) and includes new offenses relating to child sexual grooming and child pornography. The minimum age for consensual sex is 17" (11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"According to UNAMA, the Taliban and ISIS-K continued to use children for front- line fighting and setting IEDs. While the law protects trafficking victims from prosecution for crimes committed as a result of being subjected to trafficking, it was unclear if the government would treat child former combatants as trafficking victims or penalize them as combatants" (16). "The government took steps to discourage the abuse of boys and to prosecute or punish those involved. The penal code criminalizes bacha bazi as a separate crime and builds on the 2017 Law to Combat Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling in Migrants (TIP Law), which includes provisions criminalizing behaviors associated with...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In April 2012 amendments were adopted to the Penal Code criminalising all elements of specific crimes of human trafficking in accordance with the relevant international law. The new legislation was drafted in close cooperation with the NGOs. According to the new regulation, trafficking in persons is defined as placing a person in a situation where he or she is forced to work under unusual conditions, engage in prostitution, beg, commit a criminal offence or perform other disagreeable duties, or keeping a person in such situation, if such act is performed through deprivation of liberty, vi olence, deceit, threatening to cause damage, by taking advantage of dependence on another person, helpless...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The government used the law to prosecute both sex tourists and citizens for the sexual exploitation of children. The law provides penalties ranging from two to 20 years in prison for commercial sexual exploitation of children" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for both sex and labor trafficking include fines and imprisonment, but enforcement was insufficient to deter violations" (p 26).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides that “exploitation shall include, at minimum, slavery or practices similar to slavery” and adds that the recruitment, transport, transfer, harboring, or receiving of a minor under the age of 18 for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered trafficking in persons. The penalty for violators is five to 10 years in prison and a fine of 500,000 to five million CFA francs ($919 to $9,190). If the victim is under the age of 18, the penalty is 10 to 30 years’ imprisonment. If the victim dies, the penalty is life imprisonment" (p 18).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-PRACTICE-1

"Commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents was a problem, and children were victims of sex trafficking with and without third-party involvement. Children were also used in the production of pornography. The law prohibits all forms of human trafficking, prescribing penalties ranging from five years and one day to 15 years in prison, plus fines, for trafficking offenses. Nevertheless, child sex-trafficking cases were often prosecuted under a different law, Article 367 of the penal code, which provides lesser penalties. Due to sentencing guidelines for first-time offenders that provide automatic parole for any sentence of less than five years' confinement, many convicted traffickers were given weak and inadequate sentences, which hampered...more
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation in general and designates enticing children or adolescents to engage in sexual activity as an aggravating condition. The government generally enforced the law when pertaining to child sex trafficking. Penalties include 10 to 15 years in prison for a person who entices or forces any individual to engage in sexual activity, and 19 to 20 years in prison for the same acts involving children or adolescents. The law defines statutory rape as sexual relations with children age 14 or younger" (p 22). "The country was a destination for child sex tourism. The law imposes a penalty of five to seven years in prison for convicted...more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The recruitment and incitement to prostitution generally carries a penalty of two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 10 million ariary ($3,100). Antitrafficking legislation, however, provides a penalty of forced labor for the recruitment and incitement to prostitution involving a child under the age of 18, the sexual exploitation of a child under 15, and the commercial exploitation of a child under 18. Both the penal code and antitrafficking laws address pornography, specifying penalties of two to five years’ imprisonment and fines up to 10 million ariary ($3,100). Authorities rarely enforced the provisions" (p 23).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all forms of commercial sexual exploitation of children. The penalty for the commercial sexual exploitation of children is 10 to 15 years in prison" (p 27).
July 22, 2021, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"This led to Israel’s downgrading to Tier 3 in the US ‘Trafficking in Persons’ report – and subsequently to the Israeli Anti-Trafficking Law, which came into force on 29 October 2006. This prescribes penalties of up to 16 years’ imprisonment for sex trafficking of an adult, up to 20 years for sex trafficking of a minor, up to 16 years for slavery, and up to 7 years for forced labour. As a result, Israel has been associated with Tier 1 in the ‘Trafficking in Persons’ report now for many years" (Para 7). "And less controversial laws, such as the Web Blocking Act, were passed. This enables the government to take...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"There was no information available on laws prohibiting or penalties for the commercial sexual exploitation of children or prohibiting child pornography" (p 26).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children, including prohibiting procurement of a child under age 18 for unlawful sexual relations. The law also prohibits domestic and international trafficking, or the recruitment, harboring, transportation, transfer, or receipt of children up to the age of 18 for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances. Provisions apply equally to girls and boys. The Sexual Offenses Act has specific sections on child trafficking, child sex tourism, child prostitution, and child pornography. Nevertheless, according to human rights organizations, children were sexually exploited and victims of trafficking" (p 37).
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In 2009, Saudi Arabia passed a law against human trafficking, punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a fine of up to a million riyals (€230,000)" (para 17).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...a definition of human trafficking was introduced into the Penal Code. The Act of 20 May 2010 amending the Act...entered into force on 8 September 2010...According to the definition: 'Trafficking in persons shall mean the recruitment, transportation, delivery, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person, by means of: (1) Coercion or illegal threat, (2) Abduction, (3) Deceit, (4) Deception, abuse of a person’s mistake or their inability to properly comprehend the action being undertaken, (5) Abuse of a relation of dependence, taking advantage of a critical situation or state of vulnerability, (6) Giving or receiving a financial or personal gain or a promise thereof to a person having custody of...more
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, ACR-LAW-1

"A group of 32 women who acted as surrogates for Chinese clients were found guilty of human trafficking and handed suspended jail terms with an order to raise their children “well” in Cambodia’s first trial of surrogate mothers. The 32 were arrested while pregnant in 2018 and, in the absence of laws covering surrogacy, charged under human trafficking laws, drawing criticism from human rights groups who said the women should be treated as victims" (para 1-2). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"...in addition to the provision that envisages relevant actions, namely article 18 of Legislative Decree No. 286/98, Italy also adopted Act No. 228 of August 11, 2003 on 'Measures against trafficking', in order to strengthen the fight against criminal organizations involved in trafficking and slavery reduction-related activities" (44).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"While acknowledging the measures taken by the State party to combat trafficking in women and children, including the adoption of the Sexual Offences Act (2003) and the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants) Act (2004), the adoption of the United Kingdom Action Plan on Tackling Human Trafficking, and the launching of national multi-agency police operations (Operation Pentameter I and II), the Committee is concerned by the continuing prevalence and extent of this problem" (10).
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

“In March 2016, Pakistan introduced a law criminalising sexual assault against minors, child pornography and trafficking. Previously, only acts of rape and sodomy were punishable by law” (para 19).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous reports, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international instruments...the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children" (2).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

“Angola ratified the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, known as the Palermo Protocol, on 20 June 2010 (by means of National Assembly Resolution No. 21/10). It thus acknowledged the State’s duty to prevent and combat transnational organized crime and the need to take appropriate measures to combat it, including international cooperation and other measures at the regional level” (pp. 25). “Act No. 3/14 of 10 February on the criminalization of offences underlying money-laundering, article 19 (1), of which provides that ‘anyone who offers, delivers, bribes, accepts, transports, houses or shelters persons for purposes...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The House on Tuesday passed a package of bills aimed at stemming human trafficking" (1). It should be noted that it hasn't become a law yet (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

“The Committee is concerned at the absence of a law to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls” (6) According to the Committee, there are no laws to prevent, suppress, or punish trafficking in Vanuatu (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 11, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"Migrants and asylum seekers who are captured at sea and returned to Libyan territory are placed in detention under the GNA Interior Ministry, where many suffer inhumane conditions including beatings, sexual violence, extortion, forced labor, and inadequate medical treatment, food and water. The Department for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM), under the GNA Interior Ministry, manages the formal migrant detention centers, while smugglers and traffickers run informal ones" (para 34).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Mauritania abolished slavery in 1981, the world's last country to do so, and criminalized it in 2007" (para 20).