The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-LAW-2

Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The law prohibits citizens and residents from engaging in, facilitating, or benefiting from sexual activity with children overseas who are younger than age 16 and provides for a maximum sentence of 17 years’ imprisonment for violations. The government continued its awareness campaign to deter child sex tourism through distribution of pamphlets to citizens and residents traveling overseas" (13).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands

"Throughout the kingdom, the law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children as well as production, possession, and distribution of child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age of consent is 16 in the Netherlands, Curacao, and Aruba and 15 in Sint Maarten. The Netherlands is a source country of child sex tourists. The government ran campaigns to encourage travelers to report suspicions of child sex tourism. An offender can be tried in the Netherlands even if the offense takes place abroad" (14).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-5

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"if a Polish citizen, for example, uses sexual services of a minor abroad, this citizen will be liable under article 199, paragraph 3 of the Penal Code...any person (both Polish citizens and foreigners) who commits e.g. a human trafficking offence abroad is liable before Polish courts, regardless of whether such an act is an offence in the place of its commission" (28).
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, ACR-LAW-1

"A group of 32 women who acted as surrogates for Chinese clients were found guilty of human trafficking and handed suspended jail terms with an order to raise their children “well” in Cambodia’s first trial of surrogate mothers. The 32 were arrested while pregnant in 2018 and, in the absence of laws covering surrogacy, charged under human trafficking laws, drawing criticism from human rights groups who said the women should be treated as victims" (para 1-2). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

" Law, there is a specific commitment to fight against child exploitation, prostitution and trafficking, so that domestic courts can try citizens and permanent residents who engage in sex tourism, even outside Italy, when the offense is not a crime in the country in which it occurred. The country also adopted a code of conduct for tourist agencies to help combat sex tourism" (50).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

“As part of the efforts undertaken to eliminate these phenomena, the Act, especially its article 3, applies in respect of the following acts carried out in Angolan territory by nationals or foreigners and acts carried out abroad: Acts against Angolans by Angolans normally residing in Angola at the time of the act and found on Angolan soil; Acts by a perpetrator who is found in Angola and cannot be extradited or surrendered under an existing instrument of international cooperation that is binding on the Angolan State; Acts by Angolans or by foreigners against Angolans, where the perpetrators are found in Angola, or where the act is also punishable by law...more
May 8, 2020, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

“For the avoidance of doubt, it is declared that, the crime of trafficking in persons shall have extraterritorial operation. In particular, a court in Zimbabwe shall have jurisdiction to try the crime of trafficking in persons— (a) if the person to be charged— (i) is a citizen of Zimbabwe; or, (ii) is ordinarily resident in Zimbabwe; or (iii) was arrested in Zimbabwe, or on its borders; or (iv) is a corporate body registered or incorporated in Zimbabwe; or (b) if the victim is a citizen of Zimbabwe or ordinarily resident in Zimbabwe.”
May 8, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

“In order to provide a basis for the prosecution of perpetrators of offenses related to trafficking in persons and their accomplices and accessories, the acts committed abroad [outside of Haiti] must be of a criminal nature in the country where they were committed, as well as within Haitian territory. Extraditions shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the present law.”
May 8, 2020, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

“A person who being a citizen of or who habitually resides in Belize, and who does an act or encourages, facilitates, conspires to commit or induces a person to commit an act in any territory outside of Belize that would be an offence under this Act commits an offence whether or not that act is an offence in the territory where it was committed and is liable on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for the term prescribed as if the offence had been committed in Belize.”
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The Ministry of Justice reported investigating 80 suspected traffickers, of whom the government charged and prosecuted 61 under the antitrafficking law" (30).
Dec. 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The law provided alternatives to removal to countries in which victims would face retribution or hardship, including temporary residency; the government did not report providing these services to any victims during the reporting period victims would face retribution or hardship, including temporary residency; the government did not report providing these services to any victims during the reporting period" (422).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"Authorities used Section 165-1, which prohibited the transfer of individuals for the purpose of sexual exploitation, to prevent potential cases of trafficking by charging perpetrators who attempted to recruit individuals for sexual exploitation schemes abroad" (296).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"Additional provisions in the law also criminalized forms of sex trafficking. Article 20 criminalized enticing or forcing a person to practice prostitution in a foreign country, with a penalty of two to 10 years’ imprisonment" (74).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"Additionally, Article 217, which criminalized all transnational prostitution, could be applied to sex trafficking cases when a trafficker induced a foreign individual to engage in prostitution by force, fraud, or coercion. The article prescribed penalties of one to 10 years’ imprisonment for offenses involving such means" (85).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"Law on Identifying and Assisting Victims of Trafficking and Human Exploitation, in 2014" (2)
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2

"Though pimping, sex trafficking, and running a brothel are punishable under existing Israeli law, prostitution itself remains legal." (para 7).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The Law on the entry, stay, exit and removal of foreign nationals from Cabo Verde was approved (Law No. 66/VIII/2014, 17 July; regulated by Decree-law 2/2015, 6 January) includes measures to combat, prevent and repress HT and authorizes the temporary residence of foreign nationals that were victim to crimes connected to HT, contributing to the punishment of such crimes (as victims are key witnesses)" (14).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea

"The age of consent is 13. It is illegal to deceive or pressure anyone under 19 into having sexual intercourse. Children, however, were vulnerable to sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation through online recruitment or recruitment of runaway girls" (20).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The law punishes those that induce, transport, or provide housing or create the conditions for sexual exploitation and prostitution of children age 16 and under in a foreign country with a penalty if convicted of five to 12 years’ imprisonment. If the victim is age 17 or 18, the penalty for conviction is two to eight years’ imprisonmen" (12).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"Legal experts and campaigners say modern slavery legislation could lead to an increase in convictions for a crime that is notoriously hard to prosecute because victims are reluctant to testify against family members" (para. 6). "Last week’s landmark conviction resulted in a mother from Birmingham being jailed for four-and-a-half years for duping her 17-year-old daughter into travelling abroad and forcing her into marriage" (para. 7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The country was a destination for child sex tourism. The law imposes a penalty of five to seven years in prison for convicted child-sex tourists. There were anecdotal reports of child-sex tourism in the Granada, Rivas, Chinandega, and Managua departments; there were no officially reported cases during the year" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"Citizens who commit child sex offenses overseas may be prosecuted in the courts" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"[The Committee] is concerned about: (a) That the State party remains a source country for internal and crossborder trafficking in women and children for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation as well as fraudulent internationally brokered marriage; (b) The increase in the number of trafficked girls and reports of trafficking in newborns" (6).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-1

“The Committee notes that the State party has developed the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences) Bill 2015, which criminalizes the purchase of sexual services. The Committee notes that the objective of the law is to reduce the demand for sexual services, which allegedly drives trafficking and the exploitation of women and girls for purposes of prostitution. The Committee also notes that the impact o f the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences) Bill 2015 is to be reviewed three years after its implementation. However, the Committee is concerned at the lack of information on the impact of existing laws in addressing the exploitation of prostitution in the State party” (8)more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The Ministry of Defence has developed training measures through the working group to support training and development in human rights in the framework of the development and consolidation of peace, to ensure that citizens deployed to the various peace missions will not countenance, facilitate or participate in the serious crime of human trafficking" (page 20).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2

"In principle Swedish jurisdiction covers all crimes abroad that are committed by Swedish citizens or aliens habitually resident in Sweden. However, there is a requirement of double criminality, which means that the act must not be free from criminal liability under the law where the act was committed for there to be Swedish jurisdiction. Swedish law has made exceptions from the requirement for double criminality for, in principle, all sexual crimes against children. In addition, an amendment to the law in 2013 also exempted the purchase of a sexual act from a child from this requirement. On 1 July 2010 the penal provision on human trafficking was altered in order...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"The prohibition applies to Swedish peacekeepers stationed abroad, and has been implemented a number of time against military personnel exploiting women through prostitution in countries involved in armed conflict, such as in Kosovo" (page 3)."The purchase of a sexual act from a child under 18 years of age is also prohibited. 'Anyone who induces a child under the age of 18 to carry out or tolerate a sexual act in exchange for payment, shall be shall be sentenced for the purchase of a sexual act to a fine or imprisonment for at the most two years' (Penal Code, Chapter 6: Sexual Crimes, section 9). As part of the amendment to...more
Aug. 23, 2016, 8:48 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-2

"A 'tier I sex offender' in Md. Code Ann., Crim. Proc....includes a person convicted of the following:...a crime committed in a federal, military, tribal, or other jurisdiction that, if committed in this State, would constitute one of the crimes listed in item...2. of this subsection; 4. any of the following federal offenses:. . .(vi) sex trafficking by force, fraud, or coercion under 18 U.S.C...(vii) travel with intent to engage in illicit conduct under 18 U.S.C..."(59)."(Promoting travel for commercial sexual abuse of a minor—Penalty) will receive an additional fine of $5,000 'per offense when the court finds that an internet advertisement in which the victim of the crime was described or...more