The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government conducted programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors" (19).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Family Services Division in the Ministry of Human Development is the government office with the lead responsibility for children’s problems. The division...investigated cases of human trafficking in children, and worked with local and international NGOs and UNICEF to promote children’s welfare" (13). "There were anecdotal reports that boys and girls were exploited through child prostitution, including through the 'sugar daddy' syndrome whereby older men provided money to minors, their families, or both for sexual relations. Similarly, there were reports of increasing exploitation of minors, often to meet the demand of foreign sex tourists in tourist-populated areas or where there were transient and seasonal workers. The law criminalizes the procurement...more
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The continued practice of enjo kosai ('compensated dating') and the existence of websites for online dating, social networking, and 'delivery health' (a euphemism for call-girl or escort services) facilitated the sex trafficking of children and other commercial sex industries. The government’s interagency taskforce to combat child sex trafficking in joshi kosei (or 'JK' businesses)--dating services connecting adult men with underage girls--and in forced pornography continued to strengthen its crackdown on such businesses. In 2018 authorities identified 137 of these operations nationwide. A total of 69 individuals alleged to have been engaged in unspecified criminal activities surrounding the JK business were arrested, and seven major prefectures passed ordinances banning JK businesses,...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"While authorities endeavored to enforce the law, inadequate prosecutorial resources and capacity to analyze computer evidence were challenges to effective enforcement. The government made serious efforts to address these crimes and collaborated with foreign law enforcement, NGOs, and international organizations. In October the Department of Justice’s Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking partnered with the International Justice Mission, the Digital Freedom Network, and others to conduct several Prosecuting Online Sexual Exploitation training seminars for prosecutors and law enforcement officers on both prosecuting cases and obtaining and presenting digital evidence. Alumni of this program successfully convicted 33 online sexual exploitation of children cases in the year to October" (29). "Children continued to be...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

We have seen convictions in the data (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "Europe-bound human smuggling and human trafficking decreased after January following a government of Morocco and EU agreement. Moroccan authorities cooperated with Spanish and EU authorities to thwart trafficking networks and arrest smugglers" (23).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"During the year the antitrafficking unit of the National Police investigated several cases of suspected child sex trafficking" (22). "In November 2018 armed gendarmes abducted a 14-year-old girl from an NGO in Abidjan that shelters child victims of human trafficking and abuse" (22). "The government took active steps to address the worst forms of child labor. The government worked on implementing its 2018-2020 National Action Plan against Trafficking, Exploitation, and Child Labor, and strengthened its National Child Labor Monitoring System. This program... enable[s] communities to collect and analyze statistical data on the worst forms of child labor and to monitor, report, and coordinate services for children involved in or at...more
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Human Capacities continued to operate a 24-hour toll-free hotline for victims of domestic violence and trafficking in persons..." (26). "Law enforcement authorities arrested and prosecuted children who were the victims of sex trafficking as misdemeanor offenders. NGOs strongly criticized this practice for blaming or punishing the victim" (28).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"...A child-abuse database was accessible to law enforcement and child protection services. The government prohibits convicted child abusers from work or volunteer activities involving contact with children. It also carried out awareness campaigns against child abuse and sexual exploitation" (11). "Government resources dedicated to prevention of forced labor, including inspections and remediation, and enforcement of the law remained inadequate. Penalties ranging from three to 15 years’ imprisonment were sufficient to deter violations, and convictions remained low. Convicted offenders frequently avoided imprisonment, undercutting enforcement efforts and victim protections, according to NGOs and media. Government efforts to prevent and eliminate forced labor during the year included a countrywide awareness campaign and training...more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, PRN-LAW-1

"Throughout the kingdom, the law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children as well as production, possession, and distribution of child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age of consent is 16 in the Netherlands, Curacao, and Aruba and 15 in Sint Maarten. The Netherlands is a source country of child sex tourists. The government ran campaigns to encourage travelers to report suspicions of child sex tourism. An offender can be tried in the Netherlands even if the offense takes place abroad" (14).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"[The law] also requires social service employees, medical and education professionals, and other officials to report indications that minors were victims of, engaged in, or coerced into prostitution, sexual offenses, abandonment, neglect, assault, abuse, or human trafficking" (38).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes human trafficking, including child sex trafficking, and authorities enforced the law" (24).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-5, IRP-DATA-2

"Authorities enforced laws prohibiting sexual exploitation, the sale of children, offering or procuring a child for prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Independent observers and the government estimated at least 5,000 foreign minors were victims of sexual exploitation. On April 3, a Bari court convicted two men respectively to six year and six months and five years and six months in prison for exploiting at least four minors as sex workers between 2010 and 2017. According to the Department of Equal Opportunity, the number of assisted minor victims of trafficking increased from 199 in 2017 to 215 in 2018" (16).
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Children, especially runaway girls, were vulnerable to sex trafficking, including through online recruitment"(23).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Although government efforts to prevent trafficking continued with mixed effect, authorities made improvements in identifying trafficking victims nationwide. Penalties for conviction of trafficking violations were sufficiently stringent compared with other serious crimes. The government did not make data on the number of arrests and convictions related to trafficking publicly available" (70).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution than other types of forced labor. The government had an insufficient number of inspectors to enforce the law effectively. The government did not implement new forced labor awareness campaigns. Penalties were sufficiently stringent to deter violations" (23).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"According to UNHCR, gaps in housing and social support for unaccompanied children left many without access to state-run accommodation centers or children’s shelters. Many children had to rely on informal networks for food, shelter, and other needs and remained vulnerable to abuse, trafficking, and other forms of exploitation. UNHCR noted a lack of educational programs and vocational activities for those in detention for extended periods" (38). Insufficient programs left refugee children at risk for trafficking (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"...BAMF granted some form of asylum to unaccompanied minors in just 61.5 percent of cases, a sharp drop from 94.5 percent in 2016. BumF observed that some unaccompanied minors might have become victims of human trafficking…" (25). There may not be sufficient programs in place to prevent trafficking (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual exploitation of children, adolescents, and other vulnerable persons is punishable by four to 10 years in prison. The law defines sexual exploitation as child sex trafficking, sexual activity, production of child pornography, and public or private sex shows. The government enforced the law unevenly. The law sets a minimum age of 14 for consensual sex, with the penalty for statutory rape ranging from eight to 15 years in prison" (21).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children, including commercial sexual exploitation. Penalties for the sexual exploitation of both adults and children are six months to three years in prison and a fine of between 20,000 and one million CFA francs ($33 and $1,661). Penalties for convicted child traffickers are five to 20 years in prison. Penalties for indecent assault, including child pornography, range from five to 20 years in prison. The country has a statutory rape law that defines 18 as the minimum age for consensual sex. The law, which was inconsistent with the legal minimum marriage age of 15 for girls, was not enforced. Sexual exploitation of children...more
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of trafficking and prescribes punishments of two to 10 years in prison for violations, with longer sentences in the presence of aggravating circumstances. These laws were generally enforced" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about intersecting forms of discrimination and violence faced by internally displaced women and returnees" (16). "The Committee urges the State party: (a) To safeguard internally displaced and returnee women and girls from gender-based violence, including forced and child marriage and trafficking in persons, and investigate and prosecute all instances of gender-based discrimination and violence, child marriage and trafficking that occur in all phases of the conflict-related displacement cycle; (b) To provide internally displaced and returnee women and girls who are victims of gender-based violence, including child marriage and trafficking in persons, with free and immediate access to medical services, legal assistance and a safe environment,...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Children and migrants were vulnerable to sex and labor trafficking, including in construction and domestic work. The government [in Macau] investigated cases, but there were no convictions during the year" (143).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Special Prosecutor’s Office for Violence against Women and Trafficking in Persons in the Attorney General’s Office is responsible for leading government programs to combat domestic violence and prosecuting federal human trafficking cases involving three or fewer suspects. The office had 30 prosecutors, of whom nine were exclusively dedicated to federal cases of violence against women.In addition to shelters, women’s justice centers provided services including legal, psychological, and protective; however, the number of cases far surpassed institutional capacity"(22-23).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. Conviction of trafficking of children and taking a child from home for sexual exploitation carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. A person convicted of meeting a child for the purpose of sexual exploitation faces a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment. The Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses) Act sets a maximum fine of 5,000 euros ($5,500) and includes new offenses relating to child sexual grooming and child pornography. The minimum age for consensual sex is 17" (11).
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government operated one shelter to protect survivors of domestic violence and three shelters for victims of human trafficking that also accommodated victims of domestic violence" (p 18). "Authorities generally enforced laws against the rape and sexual exploitation of minors effectively, but NGOs reported that they rarely enforced laws prohibiting child pornography. The government reported that, as of July, two children had been sexually exploited, but there were no cases involving pornography" (p 20).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"According to the data from NGOs providing services, in 2007, 55 female victims of trafficking were identified by the NGOs. In 2011, the number of victims of trafficking identified by Estonian shelters" (17). "In the framework of two projects carried out in 2005 2008, NGOs opened two women`s shelters and a social and psychological rehabilitation centre for prostituted/trafficked women where 400 sexually exploited women received some help. Services and a system of support personnel were also developed. From 2014, the 2 shelters and the rehabilitation centre were replaced by 1 shelter for all victims of trafficking and 3 open centres for persons involved in prostitution, all run by one NGO....more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex-trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites. Police continued to investigate cases of child sex trafficking occurring in brothels or cases where victims filed complaints directly, but police did not typically pursue more complicated cases, for example, those involving online sexual exploitation. Undercover investigation techniques were not allowed in trafficking investigations, which impeded officials’ ability to hold child sex traffickers accountable." (23). "Endemic corruption at all levels of the government severely limited the ability of officials to hold child sex...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Although, the law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, and child trafficking, including child pornography, enforcement remained a problem. The FSU reported 698 cases of sexual exploitation of children between January and August, with only 142 cases taken to court" (p 21). "Penalties for both sex and labor trafficking include fines and imprisonment, but enforcement was insufficient to deter violations" (p 26).
Aug. 11, 2021, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers subjected men and women to forced labor in construction, tourism, and restaurants[...]Traffickers also subjected women to domestic servitude, forced labor, and sex trafficking"(13).