The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of trafficking and prescribes punishments of two to 10 years in prison for violations, with longer sentences in the presence of aggravating circumstances. These laws were generally enforced" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about intersecting forms of discrimination and violence faced by internally displaced women and returnees" (16). "The Committee urges the State party: (a) To safeguard internally displaced and returnee women and girls from gender-based violence, including forced and child marriage and trafficking in persons, and investigate and prosecute all instances of gender-based discrimination and violence, child marriage and trafficking that occur in all phases of the conflict-related displacement cycle; (b) To provide internally displaced and returnee women and girls who are victims of gender-based violence, including child marriage and trafficking in persons, with free and immediate access to medical services, legal assistance and a safe environment,...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Children and migrants were vulnerable to sex and labor trafficking, including in construction and domestic work. The government [in Macau] investigated cases, but there were no convictions during the year" (143).
Sept. 10, 2021, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Special Prosecutor’s Office for Violence against Women and Trafficking in Persons in the Attorney General’s Office is responsible for leading government programs to combat domestic violence and prosecuting federal human trafficking cases involving three or fewer suspects. The office had 30 prosecutors, of whom nine were exclusively dedicated to federal cases of violence against women.In addition to shelters, women’s justice centers provided services including legal, psychological, and protective; however, the number of cases far surpassed institutional capacity"(22-23).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. Conviction of trafficking of children and taking a child from home for sexual exploitation carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment. A person convicted of meeting a child for the purpose of sexual exploitation faces a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment. The Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses) Act sets a maximum fine of 5,000 euros ($5,500) and includes new offenses relating to child sexual grooming and child pornography. The minimum age for consensual sex is 17" (11).
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government operated one shelter to protect survivors of domestic violence and three shelters for victims of human trafficking that also accommodated victims of domestic violence" (p 18). "Authorities generally enforced laws against the rape and sexual exploitation of minors effectively, but NGOs reported that they rarely enforced laws prohibiting child pornography. The government reported that, as of July, two children had been sexually exploited, but there were no cases involving pornography" (p 20).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"According to the data from NGOs providing services, in 2007, 55 female victims of trafficking were identified by the NGOs. In 2011, the number of victims of trafficking identified by Estonian shelters" (17). "In the framework of two projects carried out in 2005 2008, NGOs opened two women`s shelters and a social and psychological rehabilitation centre for prostituted/trafficked women where 400 sexually exploited women received some help. Services and a system of support personnel were also developed. From 2014, the 2 shelters and the rehabilitation centre were replaced by 1 shelter for all victims of trafficking and 3 open centres for persons involved in prostitution, all run by one NGO....more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to raid brothels to identify and remove child sex-trafficking victims, although the majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites. Police continued to investigate cases of child sex trafficking occurring in brothels or cases where victims filed complaints directly, but police did not typically pursue more complicated cases, for example, those involving online sexual exploitation. Undercover investigation techniques were not allowed in trafficking investigations, which impeded officials’ ability to hold child sex traffickers accountable." (23). "Endemic corruption at all levels of the government severely limited the ability of officials to hold child sex...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Although, the law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, and child trafficking, including child pornography, enforcement remained a problem. The FSU reported 698 cases of sexual exploitation of children between January and August, with only 142 cases taken to court" (p 21). "Penalties for both sex and labor trafficking include fines and imprisonment, but enforcement was insufficient to deter violations" (p 26).
Aug. 11, 2021, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers subjected men and women to forced labor in construction, tourism, and restaurants[...]Traffickers also subjected women to domestic servitude, forced labor, and sex trafficking"(13).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents was a problem, and children were victims of sex trafficking with and without third-party involvement. Children were also used in the production of pornography. The law prohibits all forms of human trafficking, prescribing penalties ranging from five years and one day to 15 years in prison, plus fines, for trafficking offenses. Nevertheless, child sex-trafficking cases were often prosecuted under a different law, Article 367 of the penal code, which provides lesser penalties. Due to sentencing guidelines for first-time offenders that provide automatic parole for any sentence of less than five years' confinement, many convicted traffickers were given weak and inadequate sentences, which hampered...more
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation in general and designates enticing children or adolescents to engage in sexual activity as an aggravating condition. The government generally enforced the law when pertaining to child sex trafficking" (p 22).
July 29, 2021, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Some Sicilians are starting to refer a new 'Nigerian mafia.' Yet unlike the Italian mafia, both perpetrators and victims are from abroad and often live on the fringes of society. Some Sicilian journalists accuse Italian authorities of not cracking down hard enough on these trafficking organizations. However, public prosecutor Lina Trovato rejects this accusation. She says authorities have been monitoring the activities of Nigerian organized crime networks for a while. She explains that Nigeria's so-called "new mafia" is not a single coherent unit but is instead compromised of numerous secret societies and criminal gangs, such as the so-called Black Axe, Vikingsor Supreme Eiye Fraternity" (para 8-9).
July 29, 2021, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents'" (para 1). "In 2012, Germany joined the EU's ETUTU project, which in cooperation with Nigerian authorities aims to crack down on Nigerian criminals trafficking humans around...more
July 29, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents'" (para 1). "In 2012, Germany joined the EU's ETUTU project, which in cooperation with Nigerian authorities aims to crack down on Nigerian criminals trafficking humans around...more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The recruitment and incitement to prostitution generally carries a penalty of two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 10 million ariary ($3,100). Antitrafficking legislation, however, provides a penalty of forced labor for the recruitment and incitement to prostitution involving a child under the age of 18, the sexual exploitation of a child under 15, and the commercial exploitation of a child under 18. Both the penal code and antitrafficking laws address pornography, specifying penalties of two to five years’ imprisonment and fines up to 10 million ariary ($3,100). Authorities rarely enforced the provisions" (p 23).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On June 3, the government-commissioned National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls released its final report. The volume concluded that the government’s treatment of indigenous people amounted to genocide, remained ongoing, and required immediate action. The report came after a nearly three-year inquiry into killed and missing indigenous women and girls, during which more than 1,500 families of victims and survivors testified at hearings across the country"(8).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"To address the abuse of migrants and refugees and combat trafficking in persons, the government launched an investigation and vowed to bring perpetrators to justice. Starting on November 29, the government also authorized UNHCR, the IOM, and other international agencies to open offices in the country and to provide assistance to refugees and migrants, repatriate those who wished to return to their home countries, and access detention centers in areas controlled by the GNA. At the November African Union-EU Summit on Migration and a November 28 UN Security Council session, the government strongly condemned allegations of slavery in the country. In December the government committed to setting up a joint...more
July 15, 2021, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The National Association of Women Entrepreneurs (NAWE) has warned that the incessant abduction and kidnap of schoolgirls portend danger to the girl-child education in Nigeria.NAWE said the abduction of schoolchildren has made women become endanger species in Northern Nigeria"(para 1-2).
July 14, 2021, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Pakistan police have dropped an investigation into three Muslim men accused of kidnapping a Christian girl, 12, before abusing her and chaining her up for five months. Farah Shaheen, now age 13, was abducted from Faisalabad on June 25 and spent over five months in the yard of Muslim man Khizar Hayat, 45, who allegedly raped her. Police rescued the youngster in Faisalabad on December 5 and found cuts from the shackles on her ankles from where she had been bound and forced to work in the man's yard all day clearing animal dung. Authorities dropped the charges against the man after the girl testified she willingly married her abductor....more
July 13, 2021, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Research undertaken by CREID partners suggests that the fear of abduction, conversion and disappearance of women who belong to Hindu and Christian minorities is very real, especially in communities already marginalised by poverty, class and caste[...]The critical issue in Pakistan is that the law not only enables the process of these disappearances but in many cases legitimises the new status quo"(para 2,5).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The girls are vulnerable to trafficking for forced labor and the sex trade." In the video, at 0:22, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Sexual Offenses Act has specific sections on child trafficking, child sex tourism, child prostitution, and child pornography. Nevertheless, according to human rights organizations, children were sexually exploited and victims of trafficking" (p 37).
June 29, 2021, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"[P]eople rarely go to the police to report human trafficking and investigations are rarely completed" (para 18).
June 25, 2021, 12:19 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The chairman of a UN body of experts on Yemen has confirmed the involvement of UAE forces in the sexual abuse of detainees held in secret prisons in the country’s south. In a television interview with Al Jazeera, Kamel Jandoubi exposed the detention and use of girls and women held as hostages in the Yemen war"(para 1-2).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The National Consulting and Intervention Centre (KCIK) for Polish and foreign victims of trafficking provides aid to victims of human trafficking. Between 22 April and 31 December 2009, KCIK provided support to 193 persons, including 77 Polish citizens, by performing such services as supporting the identification of victims of trafficking, assisting victims in contacts with law enforcement bodies and the judiciary, providing psychological support, ensuring help of an interpreter, providing legal consultations or transporting victims across Poland (24/7 availability). Between January and 31 March 2010, support was provided to 253 persons, of which 83 Polish citizens and 170 foreigners. In the reporting period, the legal basis was also created to...more
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported police complicity in areas known for child sex trafficking" (p 17-18). "The commercial sexual exploitation of children generally occurred in tourist locations and major urban areas. The government conducted programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors" (p 20).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The kafala system of employment still ties migrant workers to the employer who brings them to the Gulf, allowing widespread exploitation to persist, despite years of campaigning by human rights groups" (para 4). "Sierra Leone has been a trafficking hotspot since the aftermath of its civil war in 2005, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Trafficking is further driven by poverty, exacerbated by the 2014 Ebola outbreak" (para 7).
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, ACR-PRACTICE-1

"A Chinese man and five Cambodian women arrested alongside the 32, and a Cambodian man and a Chinese woman arrested since, were also sentenced on Monday for their roles in organizing the commercial surrogacy, said court spokesman Y Rin. The spokesman said the sentences among the 40 convicted ranged from three to 16 years, declining to give a breakdown. The surrogates...were set to earn about $10,000 each, more than six times the average annual salary" (para 3-5). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand...more