The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The National Consulting and Intervention Centre (KCIK) for Polish and foreign victims of trafficking provides aid to victims of human trafficking. Between 22 April and 31 December 2009, KCIK provided support to 193 persons, including 77 Polish citizens, by performing such services as supporting the identification of victims of trafficking, assisting victims in contacts with law enforcement bodies and the judiciary, providing psychological support, ensuring help of an interpreter, providing legal consultations or transporting victims across Poland (24/7 availability). Between January and 31 March 2010, support was provided to 253 persons, of which 83 Polish citizens and 170 foreigners. In the reporting period, the legal basis was also created to...more
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported police complicity in areas known for child sex trafficking" (p 17-18). "The commercial sexual exploitation of children generally occurred in tourist locations and major urban areas. The government conducted programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors" (p 20).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The kafala system of employment still ties migrant workers to the employer who brings them to the Gulf, allowing widespread exploitation to persist, despite years of campaigning by human rights groups" (para 4). "Sierra Leone has been a trafficking hotspot since the aftermath of its civil war in 2005, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Trafficking is further driven by poverty, exacerbated by the 2014 Ebola outbreak" (para 7).
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, ACR-PRACTICE-1

"A Chinese man and five Cambodian women arrested alongside the 32, and a Cambodian man and a Chinese woman arrested since, were also sentenced on Monday for their roles in organizing the commercial surrogacy, said court spokesman Y Rin. The spokesman said the sentences among the 40 convicted ranged from three to 16 years, declining to give a breakdown. The surrogates...were set to earn about $10,000 each, more than six times the average annual salary" (para 3-5). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"...in the last years the National Counsellor for Equality launched specific awareness campaigns on the role of women in the economy and: the use of part-time work for men and women as a tool for reconciling work and family life and the fight against women trafficking (the No-Trafficking Programme, in collaboration with the Department for Equal Opportunities)" (16). "In the field of migration, in September 2007, it was sponsored by the Department of Equal Opportunity in collaboration with the EQUAL project, the information and awareness campaign on trafficking in human beings, called 'Trafficking NO! Another point of view'” (31). "Italian support to global campaigns strengthened both at the political and...more
March 25, 2021, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Albanian government continues to do little to meaningfully combat sex trafficking, despite Albania being designated as a source country and it predominantly impacted women and girls. According to the Council of Europe, the judiciary’s response to holding traffickers to account is getting worse" (para 9).
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-3

"The Committee also welcomes the recent announcement of a 45-day period of recovery and reflection for victims of trafficking, as well as the granting of temporary one-year visas" (10).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Programme for training specialists employed in the area of combating trafficking in human beings, which is currently being implemented by local executive authorities" (19). "Almost one half (46 per cent) of the centres for women rehabilitation are meant for giving assistance to women human trafficking victims" (32).
Feb. 18, 2021, 6:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Gender-inequality is the primary tumour and rape, trafficking, child marriage, female foeticide, honour killings and so on, are the metastases. And in India the problem is not lack of laws - after all, India is a democracy and a civilised, rapidly developing country. The problem is implementation of them” (para 24).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“The matchmakers [traffickers] are near impossible to track down, police say, hiding behind nicknames and throwaway ‘burner’ phones while employing a network of local elders to coax young women out of the village by offering huge sums of cash to their families” (para 9). “Thol Meng has been working to stop human trafficking for 16 years, now as deputy chief of a specialised police bureau in Kampong Cham province - one of the nation's hardest-hit regions” (para 15). “Those who make it home - some with stories of being raped by multiple men or being sold from one house to another - rarely go to the police, as immediate relatives...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Appalling, the violence inflicted upon these trafficked women resembled the very violence that Bosnian women experienced during the war. This time however, protected by diplomatic immunity, the perpetrators were not prosecuted" (para 4). "In order to understand what happened in Bosnia and Herzegovina and elsewhere, it is crucial to understand the institutional culture that not only condoned, but by the very absence of action, facilitated sexual abuse and exploitation and consequently allowed perpetrators to walk away unpunished" (para 4-5). "Prostitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina was illegal and peacekeepers were explicitly told it was illegal. However, this did not prevent UN personnel from visiting the bars and brothels that sprang up...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"'The girls know their families have exploited them…they can understand that their parents sold them,' she says. 'Reintegration is a big challenge because in many cases if you return the girls to their family the parents will sell them again'" (para 24). "Egypt’s 2008 Child Law criminalises marriages to girls who have not reached the legal age of 18. Another law prohibits marriages to foreigners where the age difference exceeds 25 years. But the laws are poorly enforced, concedes NCCM’s El-Ashmawy. Anecdotal evidence suggests the trade has grown since Egypt’s 2011 revolution as a result of worsening economic conditions and an ineffectual police force" (para 25-26).
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, AW-PRACTICE-1

“O.G.O. v. the United Kingdom (no. 13950/12) (18 February 2014 (strike-out decision)): The applicant, a Nigerian national, who claimed to be a victim of human trafficking, complained that her expulsion to Nigeria would expose her to a real risk of re-trafficking. The Court decided to strike the application out of its list of cases, in accordance with Article 37 (striking out applications) of the Convention, noting that the applicant was no longer at risk of being removed as she had been granted refugee status and an indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom. Moreover, the United Kingdom authorities had accepted that she had been a victim of trafficking” (13)....more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:02 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

“Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia (7 January 2010): The applicant was the father of a young woman who died in Cyprus where she had gone to work in March 2001. He complained that the Cypriot police had not done everything possible to protect his daughter from trafficking while she had been alive and to punish those responsible for her death. He also complained about the failure of the Russian authorities to investigate his daughter’s trafficking and subsequent death and to take steps to protect her from the risk of trafficking. The Court noted that, like slavery, trafficking in human beings, by its very nature and aim of exploitation, was based...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-DATA-1

“V.F. v. France (no. 7196/10) (29 November 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): This case concerned the proceedings for the applicant’s deportation to Nigeria, her country of origin. The applicant alleged in particular that if she were expelled to Nigeria she would be at risk of being forced back into the prostitution ring from which she had escaped and being subjected to reprisals by those concerned, and that the Nigerian authorities would be unable to protect her. In her view, the French authorities were under a duty not to expel potential victims of trafficking. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. While it was well aware of the...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“In a study of 580 sex workers in East Bengal, India, 24 per cent had been trafficked into the sector. In addition, violence was more commonly experienced among those who had been trafficked, especially among those sold by their family members (57 per cent), compared to those who became sex workers by routes other than trafficking (15 per cent)” (pp. 27).
Feb. 9, 2021, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016 its staff registered more than 11,000 Nigerian women at landing points in Sicily, with more than 80% of them victims of trafficking and destined for a life of forced prostitution on street corners and in brothels across Italy and Europe. Before they left Nigeria, many of them will have been made to undergo traditional oath-taking ceremonies involving complicated and frightening rituals often using the women’s blood, hair and clothing. These rituals – which have become known as the 'juju' – bond the woman to her trafficker and to any debts she will incur. The rituals make it clear that failure to pay off those debts will result in...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee remains concerned that the Penal Code of 1861 does not establish adequate provisions and sanctions to protect women and girls from violence, including rape, sexual assault, other forms of gender-based violence and trafficking” (pp. 4). “The Committee is concerned about Rohingya women and girls, including those in refugee camps in Bangladesh, who are at risk of other forms of gender-based violence, including child marriages, forced marriages and trafficking” (pp. 8).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the: (a) Stark increase in violent crimes against women, especially rape and abduction, and the high number of cases of rape reported by the National Crime Records Bureau in 2012, indicating an increase by 902.1 per cent since 1971, and continuing impunity for such acts" (3). "The Committee takes note of the establishment of anti-trafficking units, awareness-raising programmes and a task force on human trafficking. It remains concerned, however, at the alarming persistence of trafficking, both internal and cross-border, the lack of protection and services available to women and girls who are victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and the lack of efforts to...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“The Intersectoral Commission against Trafficking in Human Beings was created (by Presidential Decree No. 235/14 of 2 December) to ensure the protection, assistance, recovery, rehabilitation and social reintegration of victims” (pp. 27). “A number of activities have been carried out in the areas of prevention, dissemination and training of law enforcement officials and others, provision of protection to victims similar to the protection provided to victims of domestic violence, and prosecution of perpetrators. The Criminal Investigation Service has established a National Anti-Trafficking Unit, and activities have been carried out in collaboration with various State and non-State institutions. A number of cases have been investigated and brought to trial under Act...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Like Toni, who was picked up along International Boulevard in Oakland, a major West Coast hub for sex trafficking, the vast majority of teenage girls who appear before Judge Burgess in the Alameda County Girls Court, a special tribunal for girls, have been recruited as child prostitutes or, like Toni, been considered at risk for involvement" (para 4). "Judge Burgess directed her to an out-of-state program for exploited girls, where she spent nine months. Today, Jasmine has a job and is preparing to move into her own apartment" (para 19-20). "The county’s H.E.A.T. Watch unit, started by the district attorney in 2006, was set up to aggressively go after people...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"One of the bills, also emulated in the Senate, would try to stem the exploitation of children in the child welfare system who are often targeted by pimps; another would notify foreign governments when Americans convicted of the sexual abuse of a minor travel abroad; and the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act would invest in services to aide victims of sexual trafficking" (para 5).
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Menaka consists mainly of Nigerian soldiers. They are often patrolling. But far from reassuring the population, these patrols have no effect on the terrorists. Instead, the MNLA and accomplices have strengthened their position in Menaka. Also, they carried on up dozens of women to other locations. These poor ladies are now used as 'sex slaves.' These are the same women who are manipulated and forced to march to demand the withdrawal of the Malian army" (para 4). Menaka is a city in Mali that the terrorist origanization led by MNLA controls (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Indonesia is a hotspot for Western paedophiles, with more than 100 sex criminals caught travelling to the country since 2014 from Australia alone” (para 6).
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Regardless of the fact that the Government continuously taking actions to combat human trafficking, the root causes of this phenomenon are still not addressed. Unemployment, social and economic hardships (particularly in rural areas) and gender inequality remaining leading causes of trafficking and exploitation, particularly of women who face challenges finding economic opportunities in Armenia and subsequently fall prey to the false promises of traffickers.96Armenia is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for women, and children subjected to sex and labor trafficking. Armenian women and children are subjected to sex and labor trafficking within the country as well as sex trafficking in United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Turkey....more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“L.E. v. Greece (no. 71545/12) (21 January 2016): This case concerned a complaint by a Nigerian national who was forced into prostitution in Greece. Officially recognised as a victim of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, the applicant had nonetheless been required to wait more than nine months after informing the authorities of her situation before the justice system granted her that status. She submitted in particular that the Greek State’s failings to comply with its positive obligations under Article 4 (prohibition of slavery and forced labour) of the Convention had entailed a violation of this provision. The Court held that there had been a violation de l’article...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

“Rantsev v. Cyprus and Russia (7 January 2010): The applicant was the father of a young woman who died in Cyprus where she had gone to work in March 2001. He complained that the Cypriot police had not done everything possible to protect his daughter from trafficking while she had been alive and to punish those responsible for her death. He also complained about the failure of the Russian authorities to investigate his daughter’s trafficking and subsequent death and to take steps to protect her from the risk of trafficking. The Court noted that, like slavery, trafficking in human beings, by its very nature and aim of exploitation, was based...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

“S.M. v. Croatia (no. 60561/14) (25 June 2020 (Grand Chamber)): This case concerned a Croatian woman’s complaint of human trafficking and forced prostitution. The applicant complained of an inadequate official procedural response to her allegations. The Court held that there had been a violation of Article 4 (prohibition of forced labour) of the Convention on account of the shortcomings in the Croatian authorities’ investigation into the applicant’s allegation of forced prostitution. Taking the opportunity via the applicant’s case to clarify its case-law on human trafficking for the purpose of exploitation of prostitution, the Court pointed out in particular that it relied on the definition under international law to decide whether...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more