The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Many of the revealed persons were minors offering sexual services in the streets of cities, at car parks, by expressways and at railway stations. The Police records feature also cases of prostitution practised by minors in the flats of persons using their services and at hotels...Police officers, together with other entities, participate in periodic preventive activities, aimed chiefly at performing medical check-ups of prostitutes and inspecting escort agencies, massage parlours, clubs, hotels, motels, inns and companies offering 'short-term lease of premises'. National roads and expressways, distinguished by a high incidence of prostitution, are patrolled with a view to revealing minors and persons staying illegally in Poland" (27).
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The commercial sexual exploitation of children generally occurred in tourist locations and major urban areas. The government conducted programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors" (p 20). "Large populations of children, primarily Haitians or Dominicans of Haitian descent, lived on the streets and were vulnerable to trafficking" (20).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Isha knew she was in trouble when her passport was snatched from her hands. The 27-year old from Sierra Leone had just arrived in the Omani capital, Muscat, believing she was to start a well-paid job at a restaurant. Instead, her recruitment agent bundled her into a car and drove her to a house where she was told she would be working as a live-in maid" (para 1). "'This is not the work I came to Oman for,' she says. 'My agent in Sierra Leone lied to me'" (para 3). "'There are all sorts of different tricks that are pulled on them; they are told they would have their pick...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The exploitation of prostitution constitutes a very remunerative criminal business for several criminal organizations of Albanians, Nigerians, Bulgarians, Moldavians, Ukrainians and Romanians — just to cite a few — particularly in some areas of Northern Italy, such as Piemonte, Veneto and Lombardi where it emerges the worrying phenomenon of outrageous criminal activities, such as human beings trafficking and children reduction into slavery" (44). "...the women from Eastern Europe are more educated than men (high school level), while the Nigerian women present a low level of education (primary school or illiterate), which results in a more complex access to the local labour market. For most cases, the vocational programme was focused...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“The 16-year-old is one of thousands of Cambodians fallen prey to criminal matchmakers who scour the poorest pockets of Southeast Asia for young brides to send to China” (para 5). “With few employment avenues for young women and ballooning debt levels, rural Cambodian families make soft targets for brokers who ensnare the relatives of potential brides in their schemes, blurring the lines between victims and accomplices” (para 8). “In En's case, it was a neighbour - and distant relative - who paved the way to China. She received $2,100 in cash, and promises that her daughter would find love, work and wealth in China to funnel back to debtors threatening...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In addition to the continuation of a well-formed criminal network, the borders of BiH remained largely unprotected. If there was anyone at a crossing he most likely was not getting paid and it was easy to ensure that the large numbers of women crossing the Sava River from Serbia went unnoticed. Consequently, women and their traffickers could enter Bosnia and Herzegovina with relative ease" (para 4). "Over time it also became apparent that there was direct involvement of peacekeepers in the actual trafficking itself. Women were recruited in the Commonwealth of Independent States and Eastern Europe. They were transported through Serbia, usually given false documents, and then moved into BiH,...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Each year, in El Hawamdia and other impoverished rural communities across Egypt, thousands of girls between the ages of 11 and 18 are sold by their parents to wealthy, much older Gulf Arab men under the pretext of marriage. The sham nuptials may last from a couple of hours to years, depending on the negotiated arrangement. 'It’s a form of child prostitution in the guise of marriage,' Azza El-Ashmawy, director of the Child Anti-Trafficking Unit at the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) tells IPS. The man pays a sum of money and will stay with the girl for a few days or the summer, or will take her...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2

“L.R. v. the United Kingdom (no. 49113/09) (14 June 2011 (strike-out decision)): The applicant claimed that she had been trafficked to the United Kingdom from Italy by an Albanian man who forced her into prostitution in a night club collecting all the money which that brought. She escaped and started living in an undisclosed shelter. She claimed that removing her from the United Kingdom to Albania would expose her to a risk of being treated in breach of Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment), 4 (prohibition of slavery and forced labour) and 8 (right to respect for private and family life) of the Convention....more
Feb. 13, 2021, 10:58 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 12:44 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"More than 500 Christian girls have been abducted in the last two years, according to the Association of Victims of Abduction and Forced Disappearance (AVAFD), which documents the disappearances. A growing number of cases involve girls between the ages of 13 and 17. AVAFD head Abram Louis claims the abducted girls are taken to ‘safe’ houses, where they are manipulated or blackmailed into converting to Islam and forced to marry Muslim men, often to serve as second wives" (11-12).
Feb. 9, 2021, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"She says she has spent the past 10 years battling the juju curses that are potentially keeping tens of thousands of Nigerian women under the control of human traffickers across Europe" (para 5). "There is also evidence of Nigerian criminal gangs in Sicily being in touch with the traditional priests who conduct the rituals. 'They are providing the traffickers in Italy with all the information they need to terrify and control their victims. When the women arrive the traffickers know their names, real ages, names of their relatives, and above all the name of the “priest” who conducted the juju ceremonies. You don’t need to use violence if you have...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In Afghanistan, gender-based violence takes extraordinary forms, including women and girls traded in a marriage exchanges between families in a practice known as badal, giving away girls to settle disputes, known as ba’ad, and the practice of bacha bazi, where boys are used as sex slaves" (para 8).
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Women are also over-represented in the already high numbers of kidnappings and forced disappearances in Mexico" (para 2).
Jan. 18, 2021, 3 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Human traffickers and brokers, often linked to government actors, subject women to sexual exploitation and sexual slavery in China, including through forced marriage" (para 17).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The 15-year-old girl, crying and terrified, refused to release her grip on her sister’s hand. Days earlier, Islamic State fighters had torn the girls from their family, and now were trying to split them up and distribute them as spoils of war. The jihadist who had selected the 15-year-old as his prize pressed a pistol to her head, promising to pull the trigger. But it was only when the man put a knife to her 19-year-old sister’s neck that she finally relented, taking her next step in a dark odyssey of abduction and abuse at the hands of the Islamic State. The sisters were among several thousand girls and young...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Oregon revised its child welfare practice so that a trafficked minor is considered a victim of abuse and the province of the child welfare system rather than the courts. Next year, sexually exploited minors in Minnesota will be referred to one of six regional case managers who will direct them to a network of emergency shelters" (para 11). "Another young woman, the daughter of a methamphetamine addict, was 'sold' by her mother to an uncle in the Central Valley who sexually exploited her in exchange for drugs. One 17-year-old wore a fuzzy pink sweater in court, looking down at her feet. She has been sexually abused since childhood, one of...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"It was very hard to overcome the sensation that at any moment I could lose everything again. That someone would snatch me off the street. It made no sense, but that was my life" (para 22). This is from an interview of a Venezuelan women living in Colombia (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Senator Alessandra Maiorino, the spokeswoman for the Five Star Movement, Italy’s governing political party, has said that up to 90 percent of sex workers are victims of human trafficking. Last June she signed a petition to demand that Escort Advisor, Europe’s largest sex worker review website, be shut down. She and others argue that hitting demand is the only way to end prostitution while also protecting victims of human trafficking. But rights organizations claim that abolition would only put sex workers more in danger by pushing the industry underground. Francesca Bettio, a professor of economics at the University of Siena who specializes in issues related to sex work and human...more
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Armenia is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for women, and children subjected to sex and labor trafficking. Armenian women and children are subjected to sex and labor trafficking within the country as well as sex trafficking in United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Turkey. Armenian women and children are also vulnerable to forced begging domestically97" (31)."Victims of trafficking are still not among groups eligible for housing, while about many of them are in need of it. Even if those women are eligible to get social allowances those amounts are so scarce to cover minimal living needs, especially those with children" (31).
Oct. 5, 2020, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"As the country's sex ratio imbalance has made it difficult for many men to find wives, 'bride' trafficking from neighboring countries to China appears to have increased from Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, North Korea, and Pakistan. Many women and girls are deceived through false promises of employment into travelling to China, only to be sold to Chinese families as brides and held in sexual slavery, often for years. In April, a Pakistani television station gained entry to what it said was a 'matchmaking center' in Lahore where six women and girls, two only 13 years old, were held awaiting transit to China as brides" (para 40).
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-DATA-1, IRP-LAW-2

“V.F. v. France (no. 7196/10) (29 November 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): This case concerned the proceedings for the applicant’s deportation to Nigeria, her country of origin. The applicant alleged in particular that if she were expelled to Nigeria she would be at risk of being forced back into the prostitution ring from which she had escaped and being subjected to reprisals by those concerned, and that the Nigerian authorities would be unable to protect her. In her view, the French authorities were under a duty not to expel potential victims of trafficking. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. While it was well aware of the...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

“S.M. v. Croatia (no. 60561/14) (25 June 2020 (Grand Chamber)): This case concerned a Croatian woman’s complaint of human trafficking and forced prostitution. The applicant complained of an inadequate official procedural response to her allegations. The Court held that there had been a violation of Article 4 (prohibition of forced labour) of the Convention on account of the shortcomings in the Croatian authorities’ investigation into the applicant’s allegation of forced prostitution. Taking the opportunity via the applicant’s case to clarify its case-law on human trafficking for the purpose of exploitation of prostitution, the Court pointed out in particular that it relied on the definition under international law to decide whether...more
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A number of women and girls were trafficked to China and sold as 'brides'" (para 19).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Women in the country of origin are deluded by contracts for specific jobs to discover, on arrival to Bahrain, they will work in prostitution" (3).
Sept. 13, 2020, 9 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Trafficking of women and girls remains a serious problem in Kachin and northern Shan States as revealed in Human Rights Watch’s report ‘Give Us a Baby and We’ll Let You Go: Trafficking of Kachin ‘Brides’ from Myanmar to China'" (para 16). "Women are often breadwinners, and the eldest daughters face cultural expectations that they will help provide for their families. Young women and girls are being lured into China from IDP camps and villages near the porous border, on false promises of gainful employment and then sold to Chinese families for forced marriage. Neither the Myanmar nor the Chinese governments have taken necessary steps to prevent trafficking, recover victims, bring...more
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“Against this backdrop, it is no surprise that there is an increase in the trafficking of women. In 2011, 15,000 Indian women were bought and sold as brides in areas where foeticide has led to a lack of women. The killing of women obviously creates a glut in the sex ratio, which in turn leads to increased trafficking of women and girls” (para 5). “Female foeticide obviously results in a drop in the sex ratio, which becomes skewed towards men. With the lack of women being a slowly burgeoning issue, it has led to the trafficking of women – particularly in the rural parts of the country – where trafficked...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

“According to a 2018 report by the US State Department, human trafficking is a major problem in Africa's most populous country. Nigerian victims of human trafficking were found in about 40 different countries, the report stated, adding that ‘80 percent of all female Nigerian migrants in Italy are or will become sex trafficking victims’” (para 10-11).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“Nigeria's anti-trafficking agency said it has found thousands of missing girls and women in southern Mali, many of whom were sold as sex slaves” (para 1). “‘They [Nigerian women] were tricked into going to Mali by giving them the impression they were going to get jobs in hotels, for example,’ Okah-Donli told Al Jazeera. ‘Some were actually abducted while going to school.’ ‘There are over one million Nigerian residents in Mali, out of which about 20,000 are trapped into forced prostitution. The conditions are horrible. They are kept in the thick of the forest where they cannot escape and with the ‘madames’ watching over them’” (para 4-6).