The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"North Korean refugees and asylum seekers, particularly young women living on the margins of society, were vulnerable to trafficking and forced marriages as a result of their unrecognized status. Authorities continued to forcibly repatriate North Korean refugees and asylum seekers, including trafficking victims, generally treating them as illegal economic migrants. The government detained and deported them to North Korea, where they faced severe punishment or death, including in North Korean forced-labor camps. The government did not provide North Korean trafficking victims with legal alternatives to repatriation" (58). "International media reported as many as 30,000 children born to North Korean women in China, most of whom were trafficked and married to...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The law does not sufficiently criminalize forced labor and debt bondage. Men, women, and children are exploited in bonded labor, where an initial debt assumed by a worker as part of the terms of employment is exploited, ultimately entrapping other family members, sometimes for multiple generations. This type of debt bondage is common in the brickworks industry. Some families knowingly sold their children into sex trafficking, including for bacha bazi (see section 7.c.)" (42).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"[T]he majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites" (23).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Girls, in particular, reportedly were trafficked for forced prostitution. Families of victims were often complicit in child prostitution" (p 18).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (p 23).
July 29, 2021, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents.' Such vulnerable women often fall into the hands of traffickers in Africa and get passed along a far-reaching network until they eventually land in Germany. There,...more
July 29, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents.' Such vulnerable women often fall into the hands of traffickers in Africa and get passed along a far-reaching network until they eventually land in Germany. There,...more
July 17, 2021, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"'Sometimes because of impoverishment of our families, the parents themselves are the ones who are the perpetrators,' Brosas said. 'As long as they are being sent money from people ... they force their children into sexual abuse.' Before Covid-19, the Philippines was a popular destination for sex tourists, due to lax regulations and poor enforcement against sex trafficking or abuse. 'Pre-pandemic, there are tourists with very young people with them -- 16, 15 (years old), in hotels,' Brosas said. The Philippines is ranked Tier 1 by the US State Department's anti-trafficking agency, which means it 'meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.' However, on the ground, there are...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A November media report showed videos where migrants unable to pay smugglers were sold into slavery, including being forced to work as prostitutes or manual laborers, at auctions" (p 17).
July 16, 2021, 12:22 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"This is the horrifying moment a young woman was ambushed by three men on her way home from work and shoved into a car in Kyrgyzstan - hours before she was found murdered in a case of 'bride kidnapping. Security camera footage shows Aizada Kanatbekova, 27, being surrounded by the trio before they grab her and push her into the back of a red Honda Civic in the capital Bishkek on Monday so that she could be forcibly married'" (Para 1-2). "The last time a bride kidnapping death brought protesters onto the streets in Kyrgyzstan was in 2018, when 20-year-old medical student Burulai Turdaaly Kyzy was killed in a police...more
June 30, 2021, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Poor families, he said, are increasingly 'selling' their daughters to the traffickers in return for previously unheard-of sums of money. Many of the girls, he added, end up as the mistresses of drug lords, who have transformed the Metlatonoc area into a leading producer of opium poppies, the flower used to make heroin. 'No one defends the women,' said Barrera, 'because at the end of the day, the authority is in the hands of men'" (para 19-20).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Criminals and gangs often recruited street children, many of them victims of domestic abuse, for purposes of stealing, transporting contraband, prostitution, and conducting illegal drug activities" (p 18).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Many of the revealed persons were minors offering sexual services in the streets of cities, at car parks, by expressways and at railway stations. The Police records feature also cases of prostitution practised by minors in the flats of persons using their services and at hotels...Police officers, together with other entities, participate in periodic preventive activities, aimed chiefly at performing medical check-ups of prostitutes and inspecting escort agencies, massage parlours, clubs, hotels, motels, inns and companies offering 'short-term lease of premises'. National roads and expressways, distinguished by a high incidence of prostitution, are patrolled with a view to revealing minors and persons staying illegally in Poland" (27).
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The commercial sexual exploitation of children generally occurred in tourist locations and major urban areas. The government conducted programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors" (p 20). "Large populations of children, primarily Haitians or Dominicans of Haitian descent, lived on the streets and were vulnerable to trafficking" (20).
May 22, 2021, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Isha knew she was in trouble when her passport was snatched from her hands. The 27-year old from Sierra Leone had just arrived in the Omani capital, Muscat, believing she was to start a well-paid job at a restaurant. Instead, her recruitment agent bundled her into a car and drove her to a house where she was told she would be working as a live-in maid" (para 1). "'This is not the work I came to Oman for,' she says. 'My agent in Sierra Leone lied to me'" (para 3). "'There are all sorts of different tricks that are pulled on them; they are told they would have their pick...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The exploitation of prostitution constitutes a very remunerative criminal business for several criminal organizations of Albanians, Nigerians, Bulgarians, Moldavians, Ukrainians and Romanians — just to cite a few — particularly in some areas of Northern Italy, such as Piemonte, Veneto and Lombardi where it emerges the worrying phenomenon of outrageous criminal activities, such as human beings trafficking and children reduction into slavery" (44). "...the women from Eastern Europe are more educated than men (high school level), while the Nigerian women present a low level of education (primary school or illiterate), which results in a more complex access to the local labour market. For most cases, the vocational programme was focused...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“The 16-year-old is one of thousands of Cambodians fallen prey to criminal matchmakers who scour the poorest pockets of Southeast Asia for young brides to send to China” (para 5). “With few employment avenues for young women and ballooning debt levels, rural Cambodian families make soft targets for brokers who ensnare the relatives of potential brides in their schemes, blurring the lines between victims and accomplices” (para 8). “In En's case, it was a neighbour - and distant relative - who paved the way to China. She received $2,100 in cash, and promises that her daughter would find love, work and wealth in China to funnel back to debtors threatening...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In addition to the continuation of a well-formed criminal network, the borders of BiH remained largely unprotected. If there was anyone at a crossing he most likely was not getting paid and it was easy to ensure that the large numbers of women crossing the Sava River from Serbia went unnoticed. Consequently, women and their traffickers could enter Bosnia and Herzegovina with relative ease" (para 4). "Over time it also became apparent that there was direct involvement of peacekeepers in the actual trafficking itself. Women were recruited in the Commonwealth of Independent States and Eastern Europe. They were transported through Serbia, usually given false documents, and then moved into BiH,...more
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Each year, in El Hawamdia and other impoverished rural communities across Egypt, thousands of girls between the ages of 11 and 18 are sold by their parents to wealthy, much older Gulf Arab men under the pretext of marriage. The sham nuptials may last from a couple of hours to years, depending on the negotiated arrangement. 'It’s a form of child prostitution in the guise of marriage,' Azza El-Ashmawy, director of the Child Anti-Trafficking Unit at the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) tells IPS. The man pays a sum of money and will stay with the girl for a few days or the summer, or will take her...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2

“L.R. v. the United Kingdom (no. 49113/09) (14 June 2011 (strike-out decision)): The applicant claimed that she had been trafficked to the United Kingdom from Italy by an Albanian man who forced her into prostitution in a night club collecting all the money which that brought. She escaped and started living in an undisclosed shelter. She claimed that removing her from the United Kingdom to Albania would expose her to a risk of being treated in breach of Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment), 4 (prohibition of slavery and forced labour) and 8 (right to respect for private and family life) of the Convention....more
Feb. 13, 2021, 10:58 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 12:44 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"More than 500 Christian girls have been abducted in the last two years, according to the Association of Victims of Abduction and Forced Disappearance (AVAFD), which documents the disappearances. A growing number of cases involve girls between the ages of 13 and 17. AVAFD head Abram Louis claims the abducted girls are taken to ‘safe’ houses, where they are manipulated or blackmailed into converting to Islam and forced to marry Muslim men, often to serve as second wives" (11-12).
Feb. 9, 2021, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"She says she has spent the past 10 years battling the juju curses that are potentially keeping tens of thousands of Nigerian women under the control of human traffickers across Europe" (para 5). "There is also evidence of Nigerian criminal gangs in Sicily being in touch with the traditional priests who conduct the rituals. 'They are providing the traffickers in Italy with all the information they need to terrify and control their victims. When the women arrive the traffickers know their names, real ages, names of their relatives, and above all the name of the “priest” who conducted the juju ceremonies. You don’t need to use violence if you have...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In Afghanistan, gender-based violence takes extraordinary forms, including women and girls traded in a marriage exchanges between families in a practice known as badal, giving away girls to settle disputes, known as ba’ad, and the practice of bacha bazi, where boys are used as sex slaves" (para 8).
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Women are also over-represented in the already high numbers of kidnappings and forced disappearances in Mexico" (para 2).
Jan. 18, 2021, 3 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Human traffickers and brokers, often linked to government actors, subject women to sexual exploitation and sexual slavery in China, including through forced marriage" (para 17).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The 15-year-old girl, crying and terrified, refused to release her grip on her sister’s hand. Days earlier, Islamic State fighters had torn the girls from their family, and now were trying to split them up and distribute them as spoils of war. The jihadist who had selected the 15-year-old as his prize pressed a pistol to her head, promising to pull the trigger. But it was only when the man put a knife to her 19-year-old sister’s neck that she finally relented, taking her next step in a dark odyssey of abduction and abuse at the hands of the Islamic State. The sisters were among several thousand girls and young...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Oregon revised its child welfare practice so that a trafficked minor is considered a victim of abuse and the province of the child welfare system rather than the courts. Next year, sexually exploited minors in Minnesota will be referred to one of six regional case managers who will direct them to a network of emergency shelters" (para 11). "Another young woman, the daughter of a methamphetamine addict, was 'sold' by her mother to an uncle in the Central Valley who sexually exploited her in exchange for drugs. One 17-year-old wore a fuzzy pink sweater in court, looking down at her feet. She has been sexually abused since childhood, one of...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"It was very hard to overcome the sensation that at any moment I could lose everything again. That someone would snatch me off the street. It made no sense, but that was my life" (para 22). This is from an interview of a Venezuelan women living in Colombia (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 17, 2020, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Senator Alessandra Maiorino, the spokeswoman for the Five Star Movement, Italy’s governing political party, has said that up to 90 percent of sex workers are victims of human trafficking. Last June she signed a petition to demand that Escort Advisor, Europe’s largest sex worker review website, be shut down. She and others argue that hitting demand is the only way to end prostitution while also protecting victims of human trafficking. But rights organizations claim that abolition would only put sex workers more in danger by pushing the industry underground. Francesca Bettio, a professor of economics at the University of Siena who specializes in issues related to sex work and human...more