The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 7, 2022, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Portugal

"Sub-Saharan trafficking networks increasingly used the country as a route into the Schengen area to exploit children in sex trafficking and forced labor" (22).
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"Based on the 2017 National TIPs Report, an estimated 1.9 million of the 4.5 million Indonesians working abroad, most of which are women, are undocumented or have overstayed their visas. In the level of domestic trafficking, many women and girls are exploited in domestic servitude and sex trafficking. Victims are often recruited with offers of jobs in restaurants, factories, or domestic service, but are subjected to sex trafficking" (24).
June 21, 2022, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Guyana

"Guyanese women and girls, particularly from hinterland areas and vulnerable communities, continue to be trafficked within the territory of the State party and abroad, and that the State party continues to be a source and destination country for trafficking in women and girls, in particular from Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Suriname and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation" (7).
June 9, 2022, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico

"When young Ana is forced to have her hair cut in Tatiana Huezo’s film Prayers for the Stolen, her tears indicate the heartbreak of lost youth. It’s a protective measure taken by her mother who is desperate to prevent Ana from being kidnapped, like so many other young girls in their town have been, by the drug cartels who patrol the surrounding area. Prayers for the Stolen, the first fiction feature from Mexican-Salvadorian documentary-maker Huezo, captures the brutality and fear of growing up in such circumstances" (Para. 1).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama

"...Ministry officials believed that commercial sexual exploitation of children occurred, including in tourist areas in Panama City and in beach communities, although they did not keep separate statistics…" (13).
March 17, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine

Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 and the displacement of many women to refugee camps outside Ukraine, "“Organised gangs [are] trying to abduct young women on the Ukrainian Polish border and we already have several cases in Germany where the girls have been abducted by pimps in the refugee camps”, Dmytrieva explains."
March 10, 2022, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique

"The group force young women and girls to 'marry' their fighters 'who enslave and sexually abuse them' while some have been sold off to foreign militants for between $600 and $1,800, it said" (Para. 3). 'An armed group linked to the Islamic State (ISIS) has since 2018 kidnapped and enslaved more than 600 women and girls in Mozambique's northern Cabo Delgado province,' Human Rights Watch said in a statement. Some have been freed by Mozambican and foreign forces deployed this year to help quell the violence that has wreaked havoc in the region since October 2017. But some are still missing, the rights watchdog said" (Para 4-6). "'An unknown number...more
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru

"...The law prohibits child sex trafficking, with a minimum penalty of 12 years in prison. Government officials, police, NGOs, civil society leaders, and journalists identified numerous cases of child sex trafficking during the year. The country remained a destination for child sex tourism" (15). "While the country has strong laws to protect children, it frequently had serious problems with enforcement. Media reported on the sex trafficking of minor girls in the illicit gold mining sites of the remote Amazonian Madre de Dios region. In 2018 a local NGO estimated there were approximately 400 brothels in the Madre de Dios mining region, with hundreds of minor girls living in debt bondage...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy

"The exploitation of prostitution constitutes a very remunerative criminal business for several criminal organizations of Albanians, Nigerians, Bulgarians, Moldavians, Ukrainians and Romanians — just to cite a few — particularly in some areas of Northern Italy, such as Piemonte, Veneto and Lombardi where it emerges the worrying phenomenon of outrageous criminal activities, such as human beings trafficking and children reduction into slavery" (44). "...the women from Eastern Europe are more educated than men (high school level), while the Nigerian women present a low level of education (primary school or illiterate), which results in a more complex access to the local labour market. For most cases, the vocational programme was focused...more
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji

"...Increasing urbanization, overcrowding, and the breakdown of traditional community and extended-family structures put children at risk for abuse and appeared to be contributing factors to a child’s chance of exploitation for commercial sex. Reports indicated the number of child-abuse cases in the country increased and more children sought shelter at state-funded homes. The government continued its public-awareness campaign against child abuse" (16). "Some high-school-age children and homeless and jobless youth were trafficked for commercial sex during the year, and there were reports of child sex tourism in tourist centers, such as Nadi and Savusavu. Commercial sexual exploitation of children was perpetuated by family members, taxi drivers, foreign tourists, businessmen, and...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom

"Traffickers subjected children to commercial sexual exploitation in Turks and Caicos" (22).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia

"There continued to be instances of child trafficking with the purpose of forced labor in mines, quarries, and private homes. According to government officials and international organizations, illegal drug traders and other illicit actors recruited children, sometimes forcibly, to work in their illegal activities. The ELN and organized-crime gangs forced children into sexual servitude or criminality to serve as combatants or coca pickers..." (39).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"Exploitation of women and girls in prostitution and sex trafficking was a problem, particularly in the southeast gold-mining region of Kedougou. Although there were no reports of child sex tourism during the year, the country was considered a destination for child sex tourism for tourists from France, Belgium, and Germany, among other countries" (18).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay

"According to the Ministry of Children and Youth, child trafficking for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation or forced domestic servitude remained problematic. The law provides penalties of up to eight years of imprisonment for persons responsible for pimping or brokering victims younger than 17 years of age" (15). "CODEHUPY and other NGOs documented widespread trafficking in persons, rape, sexual harassment, and physical abuse of women in indigenous communities. Perpetrators were often male members of the community, workers, and employers from neighboring ranches and farms. NGOs also alleged agribusiness operations in the Chaco exploited and violated the rights of indigenous workers" (18). "In exchange for work, employers promised child domestic...more
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania

"During the year there were several media reports of abuses in placement centers for institutionalized children, including... trafficking in persons... In 2016 prosecutors indicted members of an organized crime network who were recruiting girls from orphanages in Iasi for sexual exploitation" (25).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:28 a.m.
Countries: Malawi, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

“Children from Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Eswatini, many of whom entered the country alone, remained vulnerable to labor exploitation and discrimination (see section 2.d, Freedom of Movement). They lacked protection and had limited access to schools and other social welfare institutions, largely due to lack of resources. Coercion, both physical and economic, of girls into the sex industry was common, particularly in Manica Province” (17). This occurred in Mozambique (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 for boys and girls. The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. Authorities partially enforced the law, but exploitation of children and child prostitution remained a problem. Girls were exploited in prostitution in bars, roadside clubs, and restaurants. Child prostitution appeared to be most prevalent in Maputo Province and the provinces of Nampula, Beira and Manica, border towns, and at overnight stopping points along key transportation routes. Some NGOs provided health care, counseling, and vocational training to children, primarily girls, engaged in prostitution" (17). "...Girls and women from rural areas, as well as migrant workers from bordering countries,...more
Feb. 4, 2022, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Norway

"While employers generally observed minimum age rules, there were reports that children were trafficked for forced labor (see section 7.b.). Children were subjected to forced begging and criminal activity, particularly drug smuggling and theft. Commercial sexual exploitation of children also occurred. There were also reports of children forced to work as unpaid domestic help" (18).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"Sexual exploitation of children, sometimes with the involvement of parents, remained a significant problem...The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (23). "...Some children were victims of human trafficking, which included child sex trafficking and forced labor..." (29).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India

"Refugees reported exploitation by nongovernment actors, including... labor and sex trafficking" (32). "In several sex trafficking cases in government-funded shelter homes uncovered in 2018, victims alleged in a few cases that government officials facilitated the trafficking and, in three cases, were clients of shelter residents exploited in sex trafficking" (39). "In Deoria, despite multiple letters from the district government to cease sending vulnerable women and children to a shelter operating without proper registration, three police superintendents sent at least 405 girls to the shelter over two years, where shelter employees exploited many in sex trafficking" (39). "There were reports women and girls in the devadasi system of symbolic marriages to...more
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania

"Former slaves in subservient circumstances were also vulnerable to mistreatment. Women with children faced particular difficulties. Because they were particularly vulnerable and lacked the resources to live independently from their former masters, they could be compelled to remain in a condition of servitude, performing domestic duties, tending fields, or herding animals without remuneration" (24).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic

"The porous border with Haiti allowed some Haitian children to be trafficked into the country, where they were forced into commercial sexual exploitation or forced to work in agriculture, often alongside their parents, domestic work, street vending, or begging" (25).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize

"There were anecdotal reports that boys and girls were exploited through child prostitution, including through the 'sugar daddy' syndrome whereby older men provided money to minors, their families, or both for sexual relations. Similarly, there were reports of increasing exploitation of minors, often to meet the demand of foreign sex tourists in tourist-populated areas or where there were transient and seasonal workers. The law criminalizes the procurement or attempted procurement of 'a person' younger than age 18 to engage in prostitution; an offender is liable to eight years’ imprisonment. The government did not effectively enforce laws prohibiting child sex trafficking" (13-14).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica

"...The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (11). "...Forced child labor reportedly occurred in some service sectors, such as construction, fishing, street vending, and domestic service, and some children were subject to commercial sexual exploitation" (17).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan

"The continued practice of enjo kosai ('compensated dating') and the existence of websites for online dating, social networking, and 'delivery health' (a euphemism for call-girl or escort services) facilitated the sex trafficking of children and other commercial sex industries. The government’s interagency taskforce to combat child sex trafficking in joshi kosei (or 'JK' businesses)--dating services connecting adult men with underage girls--and in forced pornography continued to strengthen its crackdown on such businesses. In 2018 authorities identified 137 of these operations nationwide. A total of 69 individuals alleged to have been engaged in unspecified criminal activities surrounding the JK business were arrested, and seven major prefectures passed ordinances banning JK businesses,...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines

"Children continued to be victims of sex trafficking and the country remained a destination for foreign and domestic child sex tourists. Additionally, the live internet broadcast of young Filipino girls, boys, and sibling groups performing sex acts for paying foreigners continued. The government continued to prosecute accused pedophiles and deport those who were foreigners and to stop the entry of identified convicted sex offenders. To reduce retraumatization of child victims and spare children from having to testify, the government increased its use of plea agreements in online child sexual exploitation cases, which significantly reduced the case disposition time. In February, for example, a woman pled guilty to attempted trafficking in...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco

"In some cases employers subjected children to the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as the result of human trafficking" (40).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia

"Human Trafficking takes places in Somalia behind close doors. Young girls are brought from different regions for as little as 50 dollars. Meet ups usually take place in hotels" (1).
Jan. 5, 2022, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Somalia

"Human Trafficking in Somalia is a widespread issue. Women and girls are sometimes lied to and offered job opportunities, marriage, or education in far away places and then sold into sex slavery. In 2009, IOM began the Counter-Trafficking Project for Somalia" (1).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation, abduction, and trafficking of children and includes severe penalties for child pornography and possession of pedophilic materials. Authorities enforced the law. The penalties for producing and disseminating child pornography range up to 15 years’ imprisonment and up to one year in prison for possessing such material. Local girls and foreign children were subjected to sex trafficking within the country" (10).