The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The porous border with Haiti allowed some Haitian children to be trafficked into the country, where they were forced into commercial sexual exploitation or forced to work in agriculture, often alongside their parents, domestic work, street vending, or begging" (25).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There were anecdotal reports that boys and girls were exploited through child prostitution, including through the 'sugar daddy' syndrome whereby older men provided money to minors, their families, or both for sexual relations. Similarly, there were reports of increasing exploitation of minors, often to meet the demand of foreign sex tourists in tourist-populated areas or where there were transient and seasonal workers. The law criminalizes the procurement or attempted procurement of 'a person' younger than age 18 to engage in prostitution; an offender is liable to eight years’ imprisonment. The government did not effectively enforce laws prohibiting child sex trafficking" (13-14).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"...The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (11). "...Forced child labor reportedly occurred in some service sectors, such as construction, fishing, street vending, and domestic service, and some children were subject to commercial sexual exploitation" (17).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The continued practice of enjo kosai ('compensated dating') and the existence of websites for online dating, social networking, and 'delivery health' (a euphemism for call-girl or escort services) facilitated the sex trafficking of children and other commercial sex industries. The government’s interagency taskforce to combat child sex trafficking in joshi kosei (or 'JK' businesses)--dating services connecting adult men with underage girls--and in forced pornography continued to strengthen its crackdown on such businesses. In 2018 authorities identified 137 of these operations nationwide. A total of 69 individuals alleged to have been engaged in unspecified criminal activities surrounding the JK business were arrested, and seven major prefectures passed ordinances banning JK businesses,...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Children continued to be victims of sex trafficking and the country remained a destination for foreign and domestic child sex tourists. Additionally, the live internet broadcast of young Filipino girls, boys, and sibling groups performing sex acts for paying foreigners continued. The government continued to prosecute accused pedophiles and deport those who were foreigners and to stop the entry of identified convicted sex offenders. To reduce retraumatization of child victims and spare children from having to testify, the government increased its use of plea agreements in online child sexual exploitation cases, which significantly reduced the case disposition time. In February, for example, a woman pled guilty to attempted trafficking in...more
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"In some cases employers subjected children to the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as the result of human trafficking" (40).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Human Trafficking takes places in Somalia behind close doors. Young girls are brought from different regions for as little as 50 dollars. Meet ups usually take place in hotels" (1).
Jan. 5, 2022, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Human Trafficking in Somalia is a widespread issue. Women and girls are sometimes lied to and offered job opportunities, marriage, or education in far away places and then sold into sex slavery. In 2009, IOM began the Counter-Trafficking Project for Somalia" (1).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual exploitation, abduction, and trafficking of children and includes severe penalties for child pornography and possession of pedophilic materials. Authorities enforced the law. The penalties for producing and disseminating child pornography range up to 15 years’ imprisonment and up to one year in prison for possessing such material. Local girls and foreign children were subjected to sex trafficking within the country" (10).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The country is a source, transit, and destination country for children subjected to trafficking in persons, including sex trafficking" (22).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-DATA-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"While no official statistics were available, a women’s shelter reported recurring problems with gender-based violence and trafficking of refugee women. NGOs reported Venezuelans crossing through informal border crossings controlled by armed groups faced significant protection risks, including gender-based violence. Individuals were often forced to pay a form of taxation at the informal border crossing or be indebted to those controlling them, exposing them to risks of exploitation, harassment, and sexual violence, as well as recruitment into drug trafficking and other armed groups" (21).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, PRN-LAW-1

"Throughout the kingdom, the law prohibits commercial sexual exploitation of children as well as production, possession, and distribution of child pornography, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum age of consent is 16 in the Netherlands, Curacao, and Aruba and 15 in Sint Maarten. The Netherlands is a source country of child sex tourists. The government ran campaigns to encourage travelers to report suspicions of child sex tourism. An offender can be tried in the Netherlands even if the offense takes place abroad" (14).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The traffickers illegally recruited laborers to work in construction, caregiving, and prostitution and charged them exorbitant recruitment fees, and sometimes sold them fake documentation" (49).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The International Organization for Migration (IOM), UNHCR, and NGOs reported labor exploitation of asylum seekers, especially in the agriculture and service sectors (see section 7.b.), and sexual exploitation of unaccompanied migrant minors (see section 6, Children)" (9).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, PRN-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced solicitation, as well as pornography. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation, including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (24).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The country is a destination for child sex tourism" (32).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"While no specific laws address child sex tourism, it is punishable under other criminal offenses. The country was a destination for child sex tourism. In addition, girls from other South American nations were exploited in sex trafficking in the country" (21).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Forced labor trafficking is the second most common form of trafficking after sex trafficking. There were reports men and women, including migrant workers, were subject to forced labor trafficking, typically through debt bondage... The victims were from the Philippines, Romania, Sierra Leone, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine. Private labor agencies often used deceptive practices to recruit workers from abroad, as well as from inside the country, despite very high demand in the country’s labor market. Foreign applicants that used private labor agencies mostly came from Romania, Bulgaria, the Philippines, and Nepal. Forced laborers often worked in the construction industry or seasonal types of work" (26).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Because many girls and young women attempt to flee repressive conditions, poverty, and food shortages for their own survival or the betterment of their family, 2019 international media reports and the 2014 UNCOI report noted they were often subjected to sexual exploitation by traffickers. Traffickers promised these young girls jobs in other parts of the country or in China but then sold them into forced marriages or domestic servitude or made them work in prostitution after being smuggled out of the country" (21).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"North Korean refugees and asylum seekers, particularly young women living on the margins of society, were vulnerable to trafficking and forced marriages as a result of their unrecognized status. Authorities continued to forcibly repatriate North Korean refugees and asylum seekers, including trafficking victims, generally treating them as illegal economic migrants. The government detained and deported them to North Korea, where they faced severe punishment or death, including in North Korean forced-labor camps. The government did not provide North Korean trafficking victims with legal alternatives to repatriation" (58). "International media reported as many as 30,000 children born to North Korean women in China, most of whom were trafficked and married to...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The law does not sufficiently criminalize forced labor and debt bondage. Men, women, and children are exploited in bonded labor, where an initial debt assumed by a worker as part of the terms of employment is exploited, ultimately entrapping other family members, sometimes for multiple generations. This type of debt bondage is common in the brickworks industry. Some families knowingly sold their children into sex trafficking, including for bacha bazi (see section 7.c.)" (42).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"[T]he majority of child sex trafficking was clandestine, occurring in beer gardens, massage parlors, beauty salons, karaoke bars, retail spaces, and noncommercial sites" (23).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Girls, in particular, reportedly were trafficked for forced prostitution. Families of victims were often complicit in child prostitution" (p 18).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The country was a destination for child sex tourism" (p 23).
July 29, 2021, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents.' Such vulnerable women often fall into the hands of traffickers in Africa and get passed along a far-reaching network until they eventually land in Germany. There,...more
July 29, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"One of Germany's largest red-light districts is Vulkan Street in Duisburg, a northwest German city and former industrial stronghold. A growing number of Nigerian women are ending up here, and Nigerian human traffickers are responsible for smuggling in most of them, says Barbara Wellner of Solidarity with Women in Distress (Solwodi). The organization helps victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Wellner says many of these women are disadvantaged, young, have received 'barely any schooling, and have just a single parent or no parents.' Such vulnerable women often fall into the hands of traffickers in Africa and get passed along a far-reaching network until they eventually land in Germany. There,...more
July 17, 2021, 10:03 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"'Sometimes because of impoverishment of our families, the parents themselves are the ones who are the perpetrators,' Brosas said. 'As long as they are being sent money from people ... they force their children into sexual abuse.' Before Covid-19, the Philippines was a popular destination for sex tourists, due to lax regulations and poor enforcement against sex trafficking or abuse. 'Pre-pandemic, there are tourists with very young people with them -- 16, 15 (years old), in hotels,' Brosas said. The Philippines is ranked Tier 1 by the US State Department's anti-trafficking agency, which means it 'meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.' However, on the ground, there are...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A November media report showed videos where migrants unable to pay smugglers were sold into slavery, including being forced to work as prostitutes or manual laborers, at auctions" (p 17).
July 16, 2021, 12:22 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"This is the horrifying moment a young woman was ambushed by three men on her way home from work and shoved into a car in Kyrgyzstan - hours before she was found murdered in a case of 'bride kidnapping. Security camera footage shows Aizada Kanatbekova, 27, being surrounded by the trio before they grab her and push her into the back of a red Honda Civic in the capital Bishkek on Monday so that she could be forcibly married'" (Para 1-2). "The last time a bride kidnapping death brought protesters onto the streets in Kyrgyzstan was in 2018, when 20-year-old medical student Burulai Turdaaly Kyzy was killed in a police...more
June 30, 2021, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Poor families, he said, are increasingly 'selling' their daughters to the traffickers in return for previously unheard-of sums of money. Many of the girls, he added, end up as the mistresses of drug lords, who have transformed the Metlatonoc area into a leading producer of opium poppies, the flower used to make heroin. 'No one defends the women,' said Barrera, 'because at the end of the day, the authority is in the hands of men'" (para 19-20).