The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WAM-LAW-1

Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1, WAM-LAW-1

"New Advertising Act that entered into force in 2008 included several new regulations concerning gender equality. According to the act, an adver tisement may not contain denigration or discrimination on the grounds of sex, disregard the principle of gender equality, derogate either sex or depict either sex as a dominating or subordinate. Additionally, it prohibits advertising that depict persons as sexual objects, contain inappropriate nudity, use expressions or images with a sexual undertone or contain visual or audible presentation of a sexual act. It also prohibits advertising works with pornographic content and advertising services provided for satisfaction of sexual desire, including advertising prostitution, and advertisements referring to such services or...more
Aug. 27, 2021, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Female cartoon characters shown on Iranian television must now wear a hijab, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has ruled. Khamenei said that whilst it is not necessary for the women in cartoons and anime films to have their hair covered, it is 'required' because of the consequences of not wearing a hijab" (para 1-2). "Khamenei was asked by pro-regime Tasnim News Agency whether he believed it was 'necessary to observe hijab for the characters of animated films'. He responded: 'Although wearing hijab in such a hypothetical situation is not required per se, observing hijab in animation is required due to the consequences of not wearing hijab'" (para 4-5). "Iran...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Information and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs implemented a code of conduct for media reporting on violence against women, which bans publication of a survivor’s personal identifiable information, photographs of victims, depictions of a woman’s death or injury, depictions of nudity, and the use of certain offensive or disparaging words against women" (22).
July 8, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Shahrvand daily newspaper in Iran reported that FATA had recently implemented a 'healthifying project' to enforce Islamic law on social media which has been a platform used widely for women's rights activists"(para 4)."The rise of social media in Iran, where there is 24 million Instagram users, has led to clashes with FATA.In July last year[2018], the organisation arrested three young girls who became famous on Instagram after posting videos of themselves dancing. One of them, Maedeh Hojabri, recorded herself in her bedroom belly dancing without a hijab. She then appeared on national television in what was believed to be a forced confession"(para 16-18)."Seven young Iranians seen dancing to Pharrel...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Pursuant to article 18(1) of the Broadcasting Act of 29 December 1992, programmes or other broadcasts may not propagate actions contrary to law and Polish raison d’etat or propagate attitudes and beliefs contrary to moral values and social interest. In particular, they may not include contents inciting to hatred or discriminating on grounds of race, disability, gender, religion or nationality. This means that broadcasters are obligated to eliminate all contents that may discriminate against certain people, also on grounds of gender...Broadcasters of television programmes are obliged to identify programmes or other broadcasts permitted from the age of 18 by way of displaying an appropriate graphic symbol throughout their duration, in...more
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"the Law on Advertising prohibits any contents of discriminatory beliefs based on gender" (29).
Dec. 31, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In July last year the semi-official Fars news agency quoted the head of the Tehran Revolutionary Court, Mousa Ghazanfarabadi, as saying that 'those who film themselves or others while removing the hijab and send photos to this woman ... will be sentenced to between one and 10 years in prison" (para 13).
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Another measure seeks to shut down online sexual service advertisements by amending current United States laws in a way that does not run afoul of the First Amendment, something that has stymied similar legislation in states" (para 4). It should be noted that this is just proposed legislation; it is not a law yet (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 13, 2020, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In addition to making public transport safer, several European cities – Geneva (Switzerland), Paris (France), Stockholm (Sweden), London (UK) and Melbourne (Australia) – are demonstrating the importance of tackling the root causes of gender-based harassment in public transport and spaces by banning sexist advertising, recognising that demeaning and degrading images of women, or adverts that reinforce negative gender stereotypes, have serious and harmful effects and can lead to violence against women" (17).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

“Two weeks ago, Wajeha Al-Huweidar and Fawzia Al-Oyouni, two Saudi activists, were sentenced to 10 months in prison and a two-year travel restriction for ‘corrupting’ Nathalie Morin, a Canadian national who has been trying to leave Saudi Arabia, for the past several years. Al-Huweidar and al-Oyouni gained, along with others, international visibility when they openly violated their country’s ban against women driving in 2011. Huweidar’s personal experience attests to the driving ban’s real and daily impact. When her mother developed a heart condition, Huweidar had to wait during critically important hours until a man could drive her to the city where her mother lived. A prominent and tireless activist, she...more
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Sic of media, treating women as sex objects? That doesn't fly in Iceland, where a law bans gender discriminatory advertising" (para 1). "The law states: 'educational materials and textbooks shall be designed in such a way as not to discriminate against either sex'" (para 20). "This applies to public advertising too. No ad may belittle any gender or go against the country's fierce mission to achieve gender equality" (para 25).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In May the Ministry of Economy banned the movie Wonder Woman because the lead actress was Israeli" (15).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In early August the local press reported that the Court of First Instance’s prosecutor filed charges including slander, incitement, and defamation against local journalist Mohammad Qaddah, who reportedly posted a video on Facebook, which authorities described as “insulting” and “derogatory” to women in the country" (12).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Social communication is required to abstain from discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation or disabilities, among others, while declarations found to incite to hatred are liable for criminal sanctions (Law 70/VII/2010, Law 71/VII/2010, Law 73/VII/2010, published 16 August, and Law No. 90/VIII/2015, published 4 July). The Social Communication Regulatory Authority (ARC), established in 2011 (paragraph 205 of CCD), in its 2016 annual report analyses the diversity and plurality of information produced by public media, which showed both women and men as key players in news, although men predominate (68 per cent of news analysed have men as key players)" (9).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"In July the Ministry of Information and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs began to implement a code of conduct for all media outlets for reporting on violence against women. The code banned publication of information, including pictures of victims; depictions of women’s death, injury, or nudity; and the use of certain offensive or disparaging words against women. The Ministry of Women’s Affairs first announced a reporting system within the government to increase accountability and transparency in the government’s response to violence against women" (26).
May 4, 2019, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Jamaica Broadcasting Commission bars certain lyrics and music videos, including songs referring to violent sex or violence against women" (p. 8).
April 30, 2019, 5:57 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"“The Taliban had a list of all the women who were working in the government, civil society, media, women’s organizations,” she said. “I knew they were going to come for me.” She hid in a relative’s basement for two days before donning an all-covering burqa and fleeing the city." (para 12).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The government maintained controls on cinema, music, theater, and art exhibits and censored those productions deemed to transgress Islamic values. The government censored or banned films deemed to promote secularism, non-Islamic ideas about women’s rights, unethical behavior, drug abuse, violence, or alcoholism" (22). "In January, Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Reza Salehi Amiri reportedly boasted about the banning of 10 films from the Tehran Fajr International Film Festival. Amiri was quoted saying that for the first time, films with 'feminist and inappropriate themes' had been removed" (23).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family monitors song lyrics and may ban content it considers offensive" (8).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Cybercrimes Act (No. 14 of 2014) also protects women by prosecuting anyone who disseminates or publishes information, images or audio or video recordings, even if they are genuine, that encroach on the sanctity of private or family life, or anyone who targets women with libel or slander. It criminalizes all such acts perpetrated by any person" (25).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee acknowledges the measures adopted by the State party to eliminate gender stereotypes that discriminate against women, such as awareness-raising and educational campaigns to sensitize politicians and the media to gender equality, the commendable mandatory capacity-building activities of the judiciary on the Convention and the establishment of the Monitoring Centre on Images of Women in Advertising" (5).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The prohibition of… sexist remarks... apply to the print and broadcast media, the publication of books, and online newspapers and journals" (5).
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"Media ethics for reporting sex crimes is unknown in the nascent electronic media in Pakistan" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"...the government sporadically censored films that it deemed contained culturally sensitive or sexually explicit material" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"It is illegal to publish material that is 'detrimental to minors’ bodies' or thought processes or that promotes the sexual abuse and harassment of minors, sexual relations among minors, or 'sexual relations'" (8). Roughly half of all "minors" would be girls, so this is important in terms of the portrayal of women and girls in the media (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Jamaica Broadcasting Commission barred certain lyrics and music videos, including songs referring to violent sex or violence against women, children, and other vulnerable persons, and edited and expunged lyrics deemed inappropriate to broadcast" (8).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts made by the State party to remove discriminatory gender stereotypes from teaching materials used in schools" (page 6).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"National legislation and strategic documents oblige mass communication media to avoid gender stereotypes and gender discrimination and to actively contribute to gender equality policies. Such an obligation of Montenegrin media originates from the Constitution of Montenegro, the Gender Equality Law, NAP for Gender Equality 2013-2017, the Law on Media, the Law on Radio-diffusion, the Law on Public Radio-Diffusion Services of Montenegro, and the Code of journalists of Montenegro . . . In 2012 the Media Council for self-regulation was established as an independent self-regulatory body which monitors the work of printed, electronic and online media . . . Legal and strategic documents have been adopted which oblige the media to...more