The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for WR-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 5, 2021, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"President Goodluck Jonathan, this afternoon, passed the Violence Against Persons Prohibition (VAPP) bill into law. The new law prohibits female circumcision or genital mutilation, forceful ejection from home and harmful widowhood practices. It prohibits abandonment of spouse, children and other dependents without sustenance, battery and harmful traditional practices" (para 1). This indicates that there is a negative treatment of widows in society traditionally (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 3, 2021, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Following his burial in southern Nigeria, Rose says she was forced by her in-laws to undergo a series of rituals that included shaving her head, pubic hair, and stripping near her husband's grave. When she initially refused, Rose says they told her that she and her children would be banished from the local community in Delta State, where her husband was to be buried. 'I never wanted to go through that process, but when I asked them what if I don't do it, they said it [her refusal] means I killed my husband,' she said, speaking to CNN. In parts of southern Nigeria, widows like Rose are subjected to a...more
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Women find it rough in relation to land both while still married and when widowed. At marriage many title deeds are in the names of husbands and at death it becomes easier for the women to lose out land to greedy in laws. Coupled with these are archaic cultural practices which still continue to prevail dispute the high level of globalisation and technological advancement. When widowed, women find themselves navigating a rough patch, they get evicted from their matrimonial homes, some are ostracised by their in-laws in a bid to push them out of land owned by the deceased husband. For widowed women living with HIV there is still the...more
June 23, 2021, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Bibi Hawa, another widow, shares a similar story. She says the killing of her husband, a civilian, last year in one of the frequent firefights between Afghan security forces and Taliban militants left her ruined. She manages to scrape together enough for survival through begging and occasionally washing clothes for families in her town. 'I am destitute because my brothers refused to give me a share in our property'" (para 4-5). "Parwana, Sharifa, and Hawa are three of the thousands of Afghan women who have turned to begging because their husbands, many government soldiers or Taliban fighters, were killed or injured" (para 9). "Fatima, a widow in Ghazni, says no...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 1:09 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Both Basu's mother and grandmother had been married and widowed young; in her native India, that meant they could wear only white and were forced to atone for the rest of their lives. 'Widows are regarded as bad omens — as witches, as 'man-eaters.' They bring bad luck. They are paying for sins committed in a past life. The Hindu scripture, the Vedas, is clear on this point,' Basu told Refinery29" (para 2-3). "A child widow's job is to repent and atone. They live a life virtually devoid of pleasure and must wear no other color but white. They must eschew jewelry, meat, fish, and social gatherings, even with family....more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"After physically and sexually abusing her for 11 months, her husband was killed in a motorbike accident. Grace, now 13, was filled not with joy, but sorrow. The man who had raped and beaten her for the better part of a year was dead - but she now has a child to take care of, and no income. Grace and her child Mathias are at her family's home, where she and her father live out an uneasy truce" (para 78-81).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"A landmark consensus agreed by Islamic scholars (Ulema) regarding the waiting period for ‘half-widows’ to remarry in four years will have an unprecedented impact on the lives of Kashmir’s forgotten survivors. Decades of conflict have produced many half-widows, women whose husbands have disappeared but are not yet declared deceased. Since most of the disappeared men are from rural Kashmir, these widows usually live impoverished lives often facing various socio-economic and emotional uncertainties such as lack of property rights, right to compensation and the right to remarry" (para 1-2). "While widows are entitled to some compensation under civil law, half-widows are uncertain about their future and are entitled to compensation only...more
Nov. 18, 2020, 2 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It is also concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, son preference, polygamy, widows accused of witchcraft, and such practices as c haupadi, j huma, d euki and d han- k haane" (Article 17). Chhaupadi is a form of menstrual taboo which prohibits Hindu women and girls from participating in normal family activities while menstruating, as they are considered impure. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 30, 2020, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, AOM-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It is further concerned about the persistence of harmful traditional practices in the State party, such as child marriage, the dowry system, so-called “honour killings”, sex-selective abortion, sati, devadasi and accusing women of witchcraft. The Committee is particularly concerned that the State party has not taken sufficient sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and harmful practices" (Article 20). Sati is a practice in India where a widow throws herself onto her husband's funeral pyre. A woman who is a devadasi in modern times is a sex slave. (CM - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 27, 2020, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"It also expresses its serious concern about the persistence of entrenched harmful practices, such as forced and early marriages, levirate and mistreatment of widows, dowry-related violence and polygamy in the State party" (23).
Oct. 21, 2020, 12:14 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee expresses deep concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriages, polygamy, female genital mutilation, widowhood practices, levirate and sororate, purification rites for adulterous women and killings of so-called “witch children”, continue to be prevalent and go unpunished, the comprehensive legislative framework notwithstanding. The Committee is concerned that the customary practice of excluding women from inheriting agricultural land remains dominant in rural areas and that women continue to face practical difficulties in gaining access to both land and credit. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the persistence of customary laws and practices, including the prevalence of de facto polygamous marriages, although such laws are no longer valid...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Family relations and stereotypes are the cause of many of the forms of discrimination widows experience, especially in rural contexts. Widows are denied access to many opportunities, especially for what concerns access to property, education and jobs, and thus they are exposes to higher risks of poverty and of being victims of domestic violence and trafficking" (3). "Although there are no formal prohibitions for widows to have access to jobs, family relations often represent an obstacle. For example, due to moral reasons, they are often limited in their freedom of movement because they are required to be accompanied by male relatives, and this limit their ability to work, especially in...more
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Among ever-widowed women age 15-49, nearly half (47%) were dispossessed of their husband’s property (that is, after their late husband’s death, none of his assets went to them)" (289).
May 29, 2020, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"That decision [not to remarry] makes them among Afghan society's most vulnerable. Many are disowned by their families. They may be harassed or abused. And with 60 percent of the country unemployed, every woman must find a way to support her children" (para 6). "If you are a widow, you are considered to be a 'black widow.' It is a bad omen" (para 10). "Sometimes they do. One of the women I photographed, her husband's family is an elite family. They gave her complete freedom [after her husband died of cancer]. They help the family financially. They were educated and they came from a different class. They were a very...more
April 24, 2020, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Following his burial in southern Nigeria, Rose says she was forced by her in-laws to undergo a series of rituals that included shaving her head, pubic hair, and stripping near her husband's grave." (para 8). "When she initially refused, Rose says they told her that she and her children would be banished from the local community in Delta State, where her husband was to be buried." (para 9). "'I never wanted to go through that process, but when I asked them what if I don't do it, they said it [her refusal] means I killed my husband,' she said, speaking to CNN." (para 10). "In parts of southern Nigeria, widows...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Thirty-two percent of widowed women have a lot of difficulty or cannot function at all in at least one of the domains, as compared with 10% of divorced/separated women, 8% of married women, and 3% of never-married women. A similar pattern is observed among men" (264). "Divorced, separated, and widowed women are more likely to have experienced physical violence (41%) than currently married women (27%)" (305). "Fourteen percent of divorced, separated, or widowed women have experienced sexual violence. By contrast, only 5% of currently married women have experienced sexual violence, with 4% experiencing such violence in the past 12 months" (306).
Feb. 11, 2020, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, WR-PRACTICE-2

"The high number of female-headed households and widows without proper support accounts for the increasing feminisation of poverty" (para. 3).
Feb. 11, 2020, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"In the case of land titling, this policy was expected to assist women secure legal rights to properties that they owned or inherited. In some parts of East and southern Africa, land titling has not facilitated women to secure legal rights to land because where this practice has been adopted; it was mainly men who got their names on the documents because they were deemed to be the "household heads". Widows lucky enough to get land were allocated the smallest pieces of land. Another remedy aimed at ensuring women's access to land was premised on historical considerations whereby a woman has always been guaranteed of the right to use land...more
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Between 2012 and 2015, several campaigns were carried out (MPFIFD and associations) to raise awareness among local and religious leaders and the general population throughout the country about the primacy of modern law condemning discriminatory customary practices and local traditions. Examples reported are: (...) (ii) severe widowhood rites, (iii) lack of respect for the rights of widows and orphans, who are often subject to confiscation of property left by the deceased parent" (8). "Awareness-raising activities to combat harmful traditional practices are carried out in all departments. Emphasis is placed on practices such as: (...) (iii) abusive rites (constraints on widowhood, non-recognition of the inheritance rights of widows and orphans; economic...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2, WR-PRACTICE-2

"China has set up and improved systems of services for the elderly to ensure that elderly women’ s living conditions and quality of life are improved, and that impoverished, widowed and elderly women living alone are given special care" (para. 39).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Like thousands of other widows exiled from their homes to a city in northern India, Nirmala Maheshwari said she was abused by her family after her husband died. 'They saw me as a burden,' Ms. Maheshwari whispered recently, recalling her first day at a new shelter for widows in Vrindavan, as other women crowded around her bed, comforting her by squeezing her shoulders and hands. Ms. Maheshwari said she had lost her social value in the eyes of her family, and her son and other relatives starved and beat her" (para. 1-3). "Hindu brides are often expected to live with their husbands’ families. This weakens ties with their own, and...more
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, CUST-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"According to UNICEF, many widows were unable to inherit their late husbands’ property because the law states that in event of a death in which there is no will, the husband’s children, including those born out of wedlock (provided that they were officially recognized by the father), rather than the widow, have precedence with regard to inheritance" (page 41).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Dalit women in particular faced discrimination by virtue of their gender and caste status. The law grants women equal shares of their parents’ inheritance and the right to keep their property after marriage, but many women were not aware of their rights, and others were afraid to challenge existing practice. The law also grants widows complete access and authority to the estate of their deceased husbands; however, traditional attitudes stigmatizing and shunning widows persisted, and communities often ignored the law, while the government did not take sufficient measures to enforce it" (Pg 28).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"During field level consultation in Dinajpur in 3 separate villages, no women seem to have received benefits from the widow allowance and elderly allowance programmes. Also, very few ever received VGD/VDF cards" (15).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The NGOCC and several of its member organizations observed that the country’s dual system of customary and statutory law made it difficult to end injustices against women. For instance polygyny is legally permitted under customary law. Women’s organizations stated that the bride price had entrenched societal patriarchal dominance. The practice of “sexual cleansing,” in which a widow is compelled to have sexual relations with her late husband’s relatives as part of a cleansing ritual, declined significantly; some local leaders banned the practice. The penal code prohibits “sexual cleansing” of girls under age 16" (Pg 21). "Property grabbing from widows remained widespread, particularly in rural areas. Courts generally considered property grabbing...more
July 2, 2019, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Although the constitution states that “a woman shall not be compelled to undergo or uphold any custom to which she is in conscience opposed,” adherents of traditional family practices might treat a woman as an outcast if she refused to undergo the mourning rite, and a widow who did not participate might lose her home and inheritance. When the husband dies, tradition dictates that the widow must stay at her husband’s family’s residence in observance of a strict mourning period for one month, during which time she may not leave the house, and the husband’s family may move into the homestead and take control of its operations. The media reported...more
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2, IW-PRACTICE-1, IW-LAW-1

"Despite the new federal law, purdah, the cultural practice of secluding women and pubescent girls from unrelated men, continued in various parts of the North. In some parts of the country, widows experienced unfavorable conditions as a result of discriminatory traditional customs. “Confinement,” which occurred predominantly in the Northeast, remained the most common rite of deprivation for widows. Confined widows stayed under social restrictions for as long as one year and usually shaved their heads and dressed in black as part of a culturally mandated mourning period. In other areas communities viewed a widow as a part of her husband’s property to be “inherited” by his family. In some traditional...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Within the context of high HIV and AIDS prevalence among women, for example, priority was given to the reduction of transmission of HIV and AIDS to women, which occur during the widow’s purification ceremonies, through sensitization of community leaders and traditional healers and the community about the risks posed by unprotected sexual activities" (14).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The Gender Equality Act of 2013 prohibits certain harmful traditional practices, including 'widow cleansing' and 'widow inheritance.' Nonetheless, in some areas widows were sometimes forced to have sex with male in-laws or a designee as part of a culturally mandated 'sexual cleansing' ritual following the death of the husband. In some cases widows were 'inherited' by a brother-in-law or other male relative" (para 86). "Widows often were victims of discriminatory and illegal inheritance practices in which most of an estate was taken by the deceased husband’s family" (para 92).
March 18, 2019, 9:18 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SMES-DATA-2, WR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-2

In Afghanistan, "Widows cannot work, like most women in traditional areas, and any inheritance or property would go to her husband’s brothers, not to his widow or children."